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Full text of "Reunion of the Society of the Army of the Cumberland"









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of the 

Hrmiof the Cumbciaiid ' 


Cwenty-sevcntb Reunion 

Columbus, Ohio 

published b-y Order of the Society 

XTbc Robert Cbrhc Company 


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Annual Meetings, List of vii 

Annual Meetings, Orators of viii 

Auditorium, Annual Address 40-05 

Badge — 

Orders and Specifications for 153 

Illustration of ]57 

Burgoo and Camp Fire 66-92 

Business JNIeetings 9, 92 

By-Laws 163 j 

Committees 1 , 3, 29 

Columbus Committees 1-3 

Columbus Meetings, Programme of 4 

Committee Reports — { 

Columbus Committee 1 

On Officers 92 \ 

On Time and Place 94 ( 

On Memoirs 94 -j 

On Standing Committees 94, 95 | 

Constitution 1 59 

JClectric Ba dge 1 00 \ 

Euix)gies by — . I 

General James Barnett (Our Dead) 101 | 

Captain C. E. Belknap (General ^NIcCreery) 102 | 

General I). S. Stanley (General Fullkrton, Colonel Sinclair). 104 ; 

General H. V. Boynton (General Fullerton) 108 ' 

General J. W. Forsyth (General Johnson, Colonel Conrad). 110, 115 ' 

General J. H. Wilson (General Johnson) Ill j 

General J. W. Burke (Colonel Conrad, General Fullerton, , j 

Colonel Stone) 113 ! 

General J. G. Parkiiurst (General Fullerton, Major Roper, ■ 

General Johnson) 116 • 

Major W. F. Goodspeed (Colonel Conrad) 116 

Letters and Dispatches •. 10, 11, 32, 40, 96, 99 

List of Mem u ers 1 ()5 

Memorial Papers — 

Genera l A. G . Brackett 127 

Dr. J. D. Bromley 129 

General Joseph Conrad 130 

General J. S. Fullerton 1 32 

General R. W. Johnson 1 34 

General W. B. McCreery 1 37 ~ 

Colonel James Pickands 140 


Digitized by the Internet Arciiive 
in 2012 





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INIkmokial Papers — Continued. 

Ma.iok George S. Roper 143 

Colonel William Sinclair 146 

General Frederick Townsend 151 

Officers of the Society 165 

Official Programme ' 6 

Olentangy Park Addresses- 
Governor Asa Bushnell 65 

General D. S. Stanley 67 

(jeneral H. V. Boynton 68 

Colonel Cornelius Cadle 70 

Hon. H. Clay Evans 72 

General J. H. Wilson , 75 

General T. J. Wood 78 

Colonel Archibald Blakeley 79 

General W. D. Hamilton 85 

General H. li. jNIizner. ... 86 

General J. W. Keifer 88 

Major E. W. McIntosh {)l 

Reports — 


jNIemoirs 28 

Nomination of Officers 92 

C)rator 94 

Sheridan Statue (General Alger) 20 

Treasurer, Fullerton 12 

Treasurer, Tweedale 13 

Time and Place of Meeting 93 

SiiKRiDAN Statue Fund (General Alger) 20 

Treasurer's Reports 12-20 

Tweedale, Hon. John, Appointment of, as Treasurer 117, 118 

Wilson, General James H., Annual Address 40-65 


Frontispiece — General Nathan Kimball. 

General J. S. Fullerton ', Facing page 12 

Major George S. Roper ; " " 143 

Colonel William Sinclair " " ]06 

Colonel Henry Stone " " 114 

'■:• ' :'■ i I 

List of meetings held by the Society of the Army of the 

Cumberland : 

1st— 1868. February 6th and 7th Ciucinnati, O. 

2(1— 18G8. December 15th and 16th Chicago, III. 

3(1—1869. December 15th and 16th Indianapolis, Ind. 

4th— 1870. November 24th and 25th Cleveland, O. 

5th— 1871. November 15th and 16th Detroit, JNIich. 

Gth— 1872. November 20th and 21st Dayton, O. 

7th— 1873. September 17th and 18th Pittsburg, Pa. 

<Sth— 1874. September 16th and 17th Columbns, O. 

i)th— 1875. September 15th and 16th Utica, N. Y. 

10th— 1876. July Gth and 7th Philadelphia, Pa. 

11th— 1879. November 19th and 20th Washington, D. C. 

r2th— 1880. September 22d and 23d Toledo, O. 

13th— 1881. September 21st and 22d Chattanooga, Tenn. 

14th— 1882. September 20th and 21st Milwaukee, Wis. 

15th— 1883. October 24th and 25th Cincinnati, O. 

16th— 1884. September 17th and 18th Rochester, N. Y. 

17th— 1885. September 16tli and 17th Grand Rapids, ]\Iich. 

18th— 1887. May 11th and 12th Washington, D. C. 

19th-1888. September 19th and 20th Chicago, 111. 

20th— 1889. September 18th and 19th Chattanooga, Tenn. 

21st— 1890. September 17th and 18th Toledo, O. 

22d — 1891. September 16th and 17th , Columbus, O. 

23(1—1892. September 15th and 16th Chickamauga, Ga. 

24th— 1893. September 20th and 21st Cleveland, O. 

25th— 1895. September 18th and 21st Chattano(jga, Tenn. 

2Gth -1896. September 23d and 24th Rockford, 111, 

27th— 1897. September 22d, 23d, and 24th Columbus, O. 


, ; f 


List of the Members of the Society of the Army of the 

Cuiuberland who have delivered the Annual Address: 

1st — 1868. Cincinnati, O General R. W. Johnson. 

2d — 1868. Chicago, 111 General Charles Cruft. 

3d — 1869. Indianapolis, Ind General J. S. NE(iLEY. 

4th — 1870. Cleveland, O General J. INI. Palmer. 

4th — 1870. Cleveland, O General J. A. Garfield. 

5th— 1871. Detroit, Mich General H. A. Barnum. 

6th — 1872. Dayton, O General T. J. AVood. 

7th— 1873. Pittsburg, Pa General Durbin Ward. 

8th — 1874. Columbus, O Colonel Stanley Matthews. 

9th— 1875. Utica, N. Y Colonel George I. Waterman. 

10th— 1876. Philadelphia, Pa Colonel W. C. Wilson. 

11th— 1879. Washington, D. C General A. G. McCook. 

11th — 1879. Washington, D. C Colonel Stanley IMatthews. 

12th — 1880. Toledo, O General Benjamin Harrison. 

13th — 1881. Chattanooga, Tenn Lieutenant P. H. Cochran. 

14th — 1882. Milwaukee, Wis General C. H. Grosvenor. 

14th— 1882. Milwaukee, Wis General J. I). Cox. 

15th — 1883. CinciUnati, O General S. D. Atkins. 

16th— 1884. Kochester, N. Y Major W. H. Lambert. 

17th — 1885. Grand Rapids, Mich..... General R. D. Mussey. 

18th— 1887. Washington, D. C Lieutenant PI. M. Duffield. 

18th — 1887. Washington, D. C General J. Warren Keifer. 

19th — 1888. Chicago, III Colonel Henry Stone. 

19th — 1888. Chicago, 111 General Russell A. Alger. 

20th— 1889. Chattanooga, Tenn Colonel Wm. McMichael. 

21st— 1890. Toledo, O General Gates P. Thruston. 

22d— 1891. Columbus, O General F. C. Winkler. 

23d— 1892. Chickamauga, Ga General H. V. Boynton. 

24th— 1893. Cleveland, O General J. S. Fullerton. 

25th — 1895. Chattanooga, Tenn. ..General Chas. F. Manderson. 

26th— 1896. Rockford, 111 General D. S. Stanley. 

27th— 1897. Columbus, O General James H. Wilson. 


i|il,*r.':.,. . 








Twenty-seventh Annual Reunion, 



OF THE Cumberland: 

Herewith we have the lionor to submit a report of the proceed- 
ings of tlie Local Committee having in charge the arrangements 
for the Twenty-seventh xVnnual Reunion of the Society of the Army 
of the Cumberland and First Reunion of the Army of the Oumber- 
land, held in Columbus, Ohio, September 22, 23, and 24, 1897. On 
January 9, 1897, a meeting of the members of the Society of the 
Army of the Cumberland was held in Columbus, Ohio, for the purpose 
of organizing for the preliminary work incident to this Reunion. 
This meeting was largely attended, and organization effected by the 
election of Major W. F. Goodspeed, Chairman ; Captain William 
Felton, Vice-Chairraan; S. N. Cook, Secretary; and R. M. Rownd, 

The following Committees were subsequently appointed : 

Governor Asa S. Bushnell, Chairman. 

E. R. Sharp, 
A. P. Lathrop, 
O. H. ]\Iiller, 
D. B. Neil, 
H. O'Kane, 
Geo. W. Sinks, 
D. S. Ambach, 

S. M. Levy, 
Archie EIammond, 
Colonel M. H. Neil, 
Samuel McClure, 
John W. Rauschkolb, 
A. J. Pembroke, 
George Spahr, 



\ '/ 

i M 


Army of the Cumberland. 



Captain L. M. O'Brien, 
Captain C. S. tioBERTS, 
Colonel J. S. Poland, 
Captain James D. Nickerson, 
w. g. bowland, 
Hon. D. K. Watson, 

W, G. Benham, • - 

W. F. Burdell, 
J. W. Dages, 
Tod B. Galloway, 
Perry D. Gatii, 
Robert Candy, 
Robert Siielton, 
Wm. Sciianfarber, 
Geo. W. Lattimer, : 

T. P. Linn, 

D. C. Beggs, 
H. E. Bradlp:y, 

E. N. Huggins, 
General H. A. Axline, 
Peter Magley, 
Howard C. Park, 
Daniel J. Ryan, 
Samuel Stevens, 

Captain W. P. Rodgers, 

Lieutenant E. I. Grumley, 

Captain J. M. Burns, 

A. J§. Adair, 

W. D. Brickell, 

F. F. Bonnet, 

Wm. Bott, 

Thomas Bryce, 

John Cummings, 

E. B. Gager, 

L. D. Hagerty, 

Dr. F. F. Lawrence, 

John Siebert, 

C. O. Tracy, 

Henry C. Werner, 

O. E. D. Barron, 

H. J. Booth, 

Geo. K. Nash, 

O. C. Hooper, 

R. E. Jones, 

J. W. Peters, 

E. O. Randall, 

J. J. Schwartz, 

Judge Gilbert H. Stewart. 


Hon. R. M. Rownd, Chairman. 
Captain N. B. Abbott, Captain C. H. Lindenberg, 

Geo. W. Bright, Tiios. E. Knauss. 


Colonel W. E. Reppert, Chairman. 
W. H. Fisher, J. S. Beale, 

D, S. Wilder, . J. M. Harris, 

J. T. Gamble, Edward Pagels, 

''■-'■' '-J'^ V \\) vvr'rr^'v. 

■i I. 

■'■■•; DAI 


Allen Hull, L. W. Buckmaster, 

c. e. winteringer, j. h. schwartz, 

J. H. Host, ^ B. McCabe. 


Colonel J. B. Neil, Chairman. Captain S. N. Cook, Secretary. 
Samuel Pentland, J. Y. Bassell, _ . . 


E. K. Stewart, , Conrad Born, „ . . . 

Carl Hoster, L. M. Boda, 

Colonel W. O. Tolford, Captain C. B. Thompson, U.S.A. 

Captain J. K. Jones, Chairman. 


J. J. Barber, Evan Ellis. 

Printing and Program. 

Captain L. D. Myers, Chairman. 
General E. J. Pocock, Captain W. H. Farber, 

Colonel W. L. Curry, Captain S. B. Porter. 

Halls and Decorations. 

Captain Wm. Felton, Chairman. 
T. Longstreth, Thos. E. Knauss. 

A combined invitation and program was sent to the President of 
the United States, cabinet officers, governors of states, members of 
the Society, and prominent officers of the late war. Copies of this 
invitation were sent to leading newspapers throughout the country 
and to Grand Array posts. In addition to this, personal letters were 
written to the general passenger agents of the leading railroads of the 
United States, requesting them to give the Reunion extensive adver- 

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Army of the Cumberland. 


■ * Wednesday, September 22d. 

10 A. M. — Will meet at Board of T/ade Auditorium, East Broad 
street, to attend the opening exercises of the Twelfth National 
Encampment of the Union Veteran Legion. 
2 p. M. — Business Meeting of the Society at House of Representatives, 

State Capitol. 
8 p. M. — Annual Oration at the Columbus Auditorium, Goodale street. 
Music by baud. 
Prayer by Rev. Dr. Moore. 
Address of welcome on behalf of the citizens of Columbus by 

Mayor Hon. Samuel L. Black. 
Song by Republican Glee Clul). 
Address of welcome on behalf of the State of Ohio by Hon. 

Asa S. Busiinell. , 

Bugle calls. 
Annual Address by Major-General James H. Wilson, of 

Song by Glee Club. 

Short addresses by distinguished soldiers and citizens. 
Music by band. Taps. 
After adjournment, the old boys will meet for a Symposium at Chit- 
tenden Hotel. 

Thursday, September 23d. 
10 A. M. — Parade. 
2 p. M. — Burgoo and speaking at Olentangy Park. 

Friday, September 24:th. 

10 a. m. — Business Meeting of the Society at House of Representa- 
tives, State Capitol. 
2 p. M. — Carriage drive around the city. 

All soldiers, regardless of rank, who served in the Army of the 
Cumberland, are eligible to become members of the Society, and it is 



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hoped they will take advautage of this opportunity to enroll them- 

Headquarters of the Society will he at the Chittenden Hotel, 
North High street. All members will call at headquarters imme- 
diately on arrival to register and receive badge, program, etc. 

The Columbus Committee had arranged for a very imposing 
gathering of veterans. Besides the Reunion of our Society proper, 
the Union Veteran Legion, the AVmy of the Cumberland as a whole, and 
the Convention of the Ladies of tJw Union Veteran Legion all assembled 
in Columbus upon the same day. In addition, several Ohio regi- 
ments, both infantry and cavalry, held their reunions. 

The Committee made ample preparations to entertain all of these 
organizations. The railroads gave a low rate. As a consequence, the 
city was crowded with veterans and their friends, and the citizens 
generally took an enthusiastic part in the various entertainments. 
As the various organizations sustained most friendly relations and 
attended each other's meetings, all were crowded, and the effect was 
of an immense success for eacii. At the great Burgoo more than five 
thousand veterans were feasted. 

The following programs show these various exercises: 

■:■'■' .,:./: ■..■■;%\ ^ . I ^ • i^'/^ 

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'' ■ COLUMBUS, OfllO, 
''September 21st, 22(1, 28(1, and 24th. • ' ' 

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• . ■ r. . September 22d, 23<1, and 24th. 



September 21st, 22d, 23d, and 24th, 


' Thursday, September 23(/. 

10 A. M. — Military parade. 

Formation — Colonel John Poland, Chief Marshal. Seven- 
teenth Regiment, U. S. A. Fourteenth Regiment, O. N. G. 


Army of the CuTYiberland. 



! ^ 



%0 ^>n :•'./„... 

Introductory. \- ' . 7''v 

Wells Post, G. A. R. McCoy Post, G. A. R. Union Vet- 
eran Legion and other military and veteran organizations. 
The parade will form with the right resting on Buttles a, ve- 
nue, will march east to High street, thence south to jNIound,; 
and east on jMound to Third street and disband. ,, , 

2 p. M. — Burgoo and camp fire at Olentangy Park. 
The speakers follow.: . . ■ , ' 

General John P. Donaiioe, National Commander Union, 

Veteran Legion, Wilmington, Delaware.; •/' :',•-.■, . : V * 

General D. S. Stanley, Washington, D. C. 
General H. V. Boynton, Washington, D. C. 
. .Iv ■ .Colonel James Blakely, Pittsburg. : ;•.:;;: .^y. I 

Honorable H. Clay Evans, Tennessee. , M); .f I 

General J. H. Wilson, Wilmington, Delaware. | 

Colonel R. B. Brown, Zanesville, Ohio. ! 

General John Beatty, Columbus. ^ 

Colonel James Kilbourne, Columbus. i 

General W. D. Hamilton, Zanesville, Ohio. 
General Henry R. jMizner, Detroit, Mich., and others. 

8:30 r. m. — Sym{)osium for the Comrades of the Union Veteran Legion 
and invited friends at Wirthwein's Hall, South High street. 

Friday, September lUh. 

7:30 p. m. — Camp fire at Wells Post, G. A. R., to which all visiting 
Comrades are invited. 




' Tuesday, September list. 

8:30 p. M. — Reception to national oflficers, delegates, visiting Comrades 
and Ladies' Auxiliary at Elks' Hall, Goodall Hotel. 


'-.'i >:l\'iii 

. I •• , : . {;•> _ 

i '..Hi 

Army of the Cumberland. 

Wednesday, September 22d. 

10 A. M. — Business session at Elks' Hall. 
12 M. — Lunch to visiting delegates. 
2 p. M. — Business session. 

Thursday, September 2Zd. 

Business sessions. 

7 p. M. — Trolley party. 

Friday, September 24th. 

Business sessions, and visiting slate institutions, dress parade at U. S. 
Barracks, etc. 

Annual Business Meeting. 

Tlie iirst session, a business meeting, was convened in 
the Chamber of the House of Representatives, wliich liad 
been apiirt)[)riutely decorated witli flags, bunting and plants, 
in honor of the occasion, at 2:00 p. M., Wednesday, Septem- 
ber 22. 

General H. V. Boynton : I propose the name of General 
Stanley as presiding officer of this meeting, in the absence of the 
President, General Rosecrans, General Stanley^ being the oldest 
Vice-President of the Society. [Adopted.] 

General Stanley : Officers of the Army of the Cumberland, and 
Comrades — I can not refrain from expressing my heartfelt thanks to 
yoLi for the confidence you have expressed in electing me to fill the 
place of the President of this Society, who is an invalid in California. 
I was in California this summer and saw him, and at some suitable 
time I will tell yon of his condition. At any rate, he is not as sick 
as has been repoited, and there is no reason why he may not live 
I many years yet ; but I doubt very much whether he ever meets with 
this Society again. His trouble is paralysis of the extremities, and 
he will probably never be able to take active exercise. 

It is thirty-five years since the war occurred which brought us 
together as soldiers, and twenty-seven years since this Society first 
met here in this same house in the capital city of Ohio ; and there 
were many here then who by the course of nature have since gone to 
their everlasting rest. That thing must occur. Thirty-five years is 



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Army of the Ciimberland. 

half the span of man's life ; most of us were men grown when the 
war commenced, and of course we can no longer be young. But 
those who are permitted by God's providence to meet here to-day have 
every reason to be happy on account of the condition of the country 
as the result of the war, aud our surroundings. And if we are old 
and gray, if we have ceased to eujoy the pleasures of early manhood^ 
there is no reason I know of why we should not still enjoy our cakes 
and ales. I hope the members will enjoy themselves on this occasion ; 
and, furthermore, I trust you will excuse any mistakes or omissions I 
n)ay make during the meetings of the Society. [Applause.] 

* "Tlie following' dispatch from General Rosecrans was 
read by General J^oYiNTON : ' '' . 

Los Angeles, California, September 21, 1897. 
" Governor Asa Bushnell, 

■' Chairman Reunion, * -• ■ '■ 

• ' " Society Army of the Cumhedand, - 

' ^ • . ' -' Chittenden Hotel. 


Denied the happiness of being with you, I send 
my warmest greetings and congratulations. True history has shown 
your gallant struggle at Chickamauga to be one of the great victories 
of the war. May God bless you all. W. S. Rosecrans. 

The heartiest applause followed the reading of the 
above telegram. 

General Boynton : I am instructed by tiie President to read 
the following letter from General Buell : 

' AiRDRiE, September 19, 1897. 

(P. O. Paradise, Ky.) 
INIajor W. F. Goodspeed, 

., . , Chairman, etc. ' • . . 

. . ; DEAR SIR: 

I appreciate in the warmest manner the invita- 
tion to attend the Reunion of the Society of the Army of the Cumberland^ 




v.- .b 




Annual Business J\Ieetin^. 11 

at Colunibus on the 22d instiiiit, and regret very much that it will not 
be possible for me to be present at the meeting. 
Very respectfully and truly, 

Your obedient servant, 


[Applause.] , - » _ ;.. , . . . ... 

General Parkhurst: I move that these communications be 
placed upon the files of this Society, and that the Secretary who read 
them be authorized to communicate suitable responses. [Carried.] 

The Chair: The first report to be heard is that of the Record- 
ing Secretary, which he will please present. 

Recording Secretary Colonel John AV. Steel : The report 
of the Recording Secretary is the last publication of proceedings of 
the Society, i - , , 

General T. J. Wood: I move that the report of the Recording 
Secretary, as presented in the last published volume of the Society, 
be accepted and adopted as a part of the proceedings of this Society. 

The Chair : The next thing in order will be the Treasurer's 

General Boynton: 3fr. President — It is well known to all of 
you why the Treasurer of the Society, General Fullerton, is not 
with us to-day. After his sad death. General Rosecrans appointed 
Hon. John Tweedale, Chief Clerk of the War Department, to act 
for the Society until this meeting should elect General Fullerton's 
successor. Mr. Tweedale has taken great pains with the work and 
given every attention to it. I present his report, as he was unable to 
leave the War Department in the absence of the Secretary. 



Army of the Cumberland. 




In Account with 

The Society of the Army of the Cumberland. 
1896. Dr. 
Sept. 23. To balance in treasury this date, reported at the Rock- 
ford meeting, . . $495 12 

28. To dues paid at the Rockford meeting. See Exhibit A 

for names of members who paid such, . . . 220 00 

23. To initiation fees paid by new members who joined 
and old member who rejoined the Society at the Rock- 
ford meeting. See Exhibit B, . . . * . . 75 00 
Mch. 12. To dues paid since the Rockford meeting. See Exhibit 

C for names of members who paid such, . . . 60 00 

Total, $850 72 

1896. ' Cr. 

Sept. 22. Express charges paid on books and papers sent from 

Washington to Rockford, $ 2 50 

24. Express charges paid on books and papers sent from 

Rockford to Washington, 

24. Express charges paid on papers sent from Rockford to 
Recording Secretary of the Society, 
Oct. 5. By Gibson Brothers, making new book for Roster, cir- 
culars, and 200 badges for use at Rockford meeting, 

Voucher 1, 

6. Postage and express charges paid by Corresponding 

Secretary, Voucher 2, 

12. By The Robert Clarke Co., postage on volume of pro- 
ceedings for 1895 sent members, 

Nov. 5. By 11. V. Boynton on account of^expenses connected 

with Rockford meeting, l^onc/zcr 4, . 
, 5. By Miss Jeanette ]\I. Evans, reporting proceedings of 

the Rockford meeting, 

Dec. 1. By Gibson Brothers, binding, enveloi)es, and paper. 

Voucher 6, ... 

21. Fitton & Slay back, insurance on Society portraits. 
Voucher 7, . . . . . . . . 

Amount carried forward, 

1 30 

1 30 

28 29 

4 00 

79 14 

13 50 

50 00 

16 78 

9 75 

$206 56 

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Treasurer' s Report. 

1897. Amount brought fonuard, . . . $200 56 
Jan. 11. By The Robert Clarke Co., mailing volumes of pro- 
ceedings, Youclier 8, 1 75 

Feb. 3. By iNI. E. Schmedling, photographs for Volume for 1890, 

Voucher 9, G 50 

Total, !?214 81 


Mch. 20. Debit $850 72 

Credit, 214 81 

Balance in the hands of J. S. Fnllerton, Treasurer, 

at time of his death, $035 91 


John Tweedle, 

lit Account luiih ' 

The Society of tj[e Army of the Cumbekland. 

1897. Dr. 

April 22. To part of amount in the hands of J. 8. Fullerton be- 
longing to the Society at the time of his death, . . $410 91 
Sept. 9. To Balance of amount in hands of ,], S. Fnllerton he- 
longing to the Society at the time of his death, . 225 00 
22. To dues paid since the Kockford meeting, Sej)temher 

23,1896. See I']xiiiinT 1) (continuation of IvMiiHiT C). 590 15 

Total, , $1,220 00 

1897. Cr. 

April 30. By Gibson Bros., ])rinting, Voucher 1, . . . . $ 6 31 
30. By Wm. Ballantyne & Co., stationers, one ledger, 

Voacht-r 2, 75 

30. By II. V. Boynton, telegrams, ex])ressage and postage, 

Voucher 3, 5 00 

30. By H, V. Boynton, postage, T^u/^f'/;^'/' 4, . . . 15 00 

30. By II. V. Boynton, clerical services in preparing Vol- 
' ume No. 2(5 of the Proceedings of the Society, 

Voucher 5, 100 00 

May 6. By The Robert Clarke Co., payment on account of pub- 
lishing Volume 20 of the Proceedings of the Society, 
Vouclu^r 6, 550 00 

Amount carried forward, $077 00 




Army of the Cumherland. 

A Jiwunt brought forward, $077 06 

June 19. By The Robert Clarke Co., payment on account of pub- 
lishing Volume 26 of the Proceedings of the Society, 

Voucher^, . . 150 00 

Sept. 4, By The Robert Clarke Co., payment on account of bal- 
ance due for publishing Voluuie 26 of the Proceed- 
ings of the Society, Voucher 6, 58 74 

15. By the Robert Clarke Co., on account of postage, wrap- 
ping, mailing and recording 194 copies Volume No. 
26, Proceedings of the Society, at 25 cents each, 

Voucher 7, 48 50 

15. By Hugh B. Rowland, clerical services to September J, 

1897, Voucher 8, 30 00 

Total, $904 30 


Sept. 22. Debit, $1,226 06 

22. Credit, 964 30 

Balance, $ 261 76 

I r ;. J 1 1 ; •; - i. 

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Treasurer's Report. 



Due6 'paid at ilie Iiockford Meeting, with the Names of Members who 'paid 




1895, 1890. 

Members' Names. 
Atkins, Smith D., General, . 
Bannister, D., Colonel, 
Harnett, James, General, 
Belknap, Charles E., Major, 
Blakesly, A. M., Captain, 
Boal, Charles T., Lieutenant, 
Boyd, Robert I\I., . 
Boynton, H. V., General, 
Bremner, David F., Captain, 
Burke, J. W., CJeneral, 
Coe, E. S., Lieutenant-Colonel, 
Col burn, W, J., Major, 
Cole, (reorge E., . 
Davis, Charles W., Colonel, 
Doolittle, Cliarles C, General, 
Fake, Fred L., Captain, 
Fisher, Samuel H., Captain, . 
FuUerton, .F. S., General, . 
CJilhert, C. C, (Jeneral, 
< ioodsj)t't'd, W. F., Major, 
Hai<^d»t, l^dward, Colonel, 
Hapeman, Douglas, Colonel, 
lioagland, C N., Surgeon, 
Hodges, Henry C, Colonel, 
Isom, John F., Captain, 
'Morgan, James D., General, 
Parklmrst, J. G., General, . . 
Patten, Geo. W., Captain, 
Peters, Matthew LL, Major, 
(Randall, Charles H., Lieutenant, 
Richards, E. S., Lieutenant Colonel, 
Robinson, G. S., ... 

Roper, George S., Colonel, 
Rust, A. H., .I^L^jor, . 

Atiiouni carried forirard, 
Paid before meeting. 

Amount paid. 

. $5 00 
5 00 
5 00 
5 00 
5 00 
5 00 
5 00 
5 00 
5 00 
5 00 

. 10 00 
5 00 
5 00 
5 00 
5 00 
5 00 
5 00 
5 00 
5 00 
5 00 
5 00 
5 00 
5 00 
5 00 
5 00 
5 00 
5 00 
5 00 
5 00 
5 00 
5 00 
5 00 
5 00 
5 00 

. $175 00 



■6\ ' ."y 

uv.{ \/: 
I ,, ■': .1'. 


Army of the Cumberland. 




MeiTibers' Nnmes. 
Amount brougJit forward, 
Sherratt, John H., Ciiptain, . 

Simmons, Samuel, Colonel, 

Spauldin^, E. H., Lieutenant, 
Taylor, John W,, Colonel, 
Wormer, (t. S., General, 


Amount paid. 

. $175 00 

5 00 


25 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

$220 00 


Nainea of New Members luho joined, and Former Member^: who rejoined, 
the Society of the Army of the Cumberland at the Jlodford Meeting, 
September, 1896. 

J^radi.sh, Albert 11, 
( 111 more, Tliomas, 
Harlan, Joiin M.. 
Jones, Sidney B., 
Lawler, Thomas G., 
Reed, A. IL, 
Kogers, T. S., 
Sherman, F. T., 
Shigg, Thomas C, 
Swigert, Charles C, 
Warren, W. R., 
Welton, Frank G., 
Weston, LeRoy G., 
Widmer, John II., 
Wood, Bradford R., 

Capt. 21st Wis. Vol. Inf., 
Co. I, 107th X. Y. Vol. Inf., 
Col. 10th Ky. Vol. Inf., 
Lieut. -Col. 42(1 Ky. Vol. Inf., 
Col. 3d 111. Vol. Inf., 
Lieut. Co. K, 2d Minn. Vol. Inf. 
Capt. Co. B, 105th 111. Vol. Inf., 
Brig.-Gen. U. S. Vols., 
Capt. Co. M, 3d Wis. Vol. Inf., 
Private Co. II, 42d 111. Vol. Inf., 
Sergt.-lNIaj. 0th Ind. Vol. Inf., 
Co. B, 42d 111. Vol. Inf., 
Major U. S. Vols., 
Major 104th 111. Vol. Inf., 
Bvt.-Maj. 44th N. Y. Vol. Inf., 

Ottawa, 111. 
Ilarri.-jon, 111. 
Wasliington, D. C. 

Chicago, in. 

Rock ford. 111. 
( tlencoe, Minn. 
Downer's Grove, III. 
Waukegan, III. 
Cambridge, Wis. 
Chicago, 111. 
Ottumwa, Iowa. 
Cambridge, 111. 
Kearney, Neb. 
Ottawa, 111. 
Albanv, N. Y. 


Treasurer' s Report. 



Society of the Army of the Cumberland, Dues paid since the Rockjord 
Meeting, September 23, 1896. 

Date of 

Oct. G, 1 sm. 
(), " 

G, " 

14, " 

14, " 

•■>, " 

1, " 

10, " 

20, " 

L>6, 1897 

12, " 



Years for 
wliicl) I'aid. 




]^>lakely, A,, Colonel, 

Skinner, Geo. W., Captain, 

Kol)inson, W, A., General, 

Levering, John, Colonel, 

(Jreenwood, ]\[rs. E. D., . 

McAdams, William, Lieutenant, 

Ivobinson, Geor<;e L, Captain, 

Carrington, Julius ^L, Lieutenant, 

Tweedale, John, 

Cannon, Thomas J., Lieutenant, 

Conrad, Joseph, Colonel, 



. ^5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

. 10 00 

5 00 

5 00 

$(jO m> 


Society of the Army of the Cumberland, Dues paid since the Rockford 
Meetirig, September 23, 1896 — Continuation of Exhibit G. 


Date of 





il ]9, 



Tlough, A. L., Colonel, 
Keynolds, J. J., (leneral. 




lireckinridge, J. C, General, . 




Baird, A., General, 




Kelly, IL A., . . . . 




Palmer, Wm. J., General 




Cudner,|A. M 




Lock man, John T., General, 




Cohn, Henry .S., 


. $5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

Amount carried forward, 

$45 00 




Army of the Cuniherland. 

\'ti y m 

April 20 


of Years for Memhcis' 

ent. which Paid. Nnnies. 

Amount brougJit forward, . 

1897. 1896. Piitnato, Douglas, Colonel, . 

" " Gikiersleeve, II. A., Colonel . 

" " Bingham, J. I)., General, 

" " Friedman, David, Caj)tain, 

Kussell, A. 0., Major, . 
*' ** Alger, R. A., General, 

" " Hatry, A. G., Colonel, 

" " Hodgkins, Wm. 11., .Major, 

" " Keimers, August, . 

*' '* Aten, Henry J., 

" " Manderson, Charles F., Genera 

" " James, Allen M., 

" " Leeson, R. L., Captain, 

" " Tower, Z. B., General, 

" " Seibert, John, Captain, 

" " Hedges, J. S., Major, 

" " McCook, John J., Colonel, . 

Wheeler, J. P., 
" " Howe, Silas, . . ... 

" " Mauzy, James II., Captain, 

" " Ruhm, John, 

" " Heard, J., Theo., Colonel, 

" " Chamberlin, Wm. H., . 

*' '' Slocum, J. J., Colonel, 

" " Guthrie, John B., Captain, 

189(>-97. Wilder, John T., General, 
" 1890. Townsend, Fredk., (General, 

" " Reppeft, W. E., 

" " Jacob, R. T., 

Fitch, M. II., .... 

Smith, N. M., Colonel, 
" " Perkins, George T., . 

" *• Gage, Henry H., . 

" " Elwood, James, Captain, 

" " Smith, John C, General, 

" " Affleck, Wm. Jeffries, Cai>tain 

" " Bishop, J. W., Cieneral, 

Patten, Z. C, . . . . 
" " Town, F. L., Colonel, . 

Pratt, R. H., Captain, 

Chandler, W. P., Colonel, . 
" " Dickinson, Julian G., Surgeon, 

" " Rohrbacker, Paul F., Captain, 

" " Wood, Thos. J., General, 


. $45 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00- 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

. ' . 10 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

. 5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

. . 5 00 

5 00 


Amount carried forward, 

$270 00 


Treasurer' s Report. 


Date of 

April 27, 1897 

Years for 
which Paid. 



Amo^ud brought fonvard, , 

Fox, P. v., Colonel, . 


$270 00 

5 00 

27, " 


Schofield, J. M., General, 

5 00 

27, " 


Jacobs, J. E., Colonel, . 

5 00 

27, " 


Duffield, Henry M., Colonel, . 

5 00 

. 27, " 
30, - 


Pierson, Stephen, Major, 
Smith, VV. J., General, . 

5 00 
5 00 

May 1, " 


Cleary, Peter J. A., Major, . 

5 00 

1, " 

4, " 

Morgan, W. J., Captain, . 
Hood, Calvin, Major, . 
Asker, Frank, Colonel, . 

5 00 
5 00 

5 00 

4, " 


McCook, Anson G., General, 

5 00 

-i, " 


Atwood, E. B., Colonel, . 

5 00 

4, " 


Taylor, J. Gordon, Captain, 
Carlton, C. H., Colonel, . 

5 00 
. 10 00 

. -i, " 


Rickert,Thos. H., Colonel, 

5 00 

4, " 


Hummell, Jos., 

5 00 

5, " 


Schenck, A. J)., Captain, 

5 00 

10, " 


Fessenden, Francis, (General, . 

5 00 

10, " 
10, " 
10, " 


Morgan, 0. H., Captain, 

Garnsey, C. B., 

Burt, A. S., Colonel, . 

5 00 
5 00 
5 00 

10, " 


Harrison, Benj., General, 

5 00 

10, " 


Morris, Louis T., Major, 

5 00 

10, " 


Sheridan, M. V., Colonel, 

5 00 

10, " 


Winkler, F. C, General, 

5 00 

10, " 


Oliver, Paul A., General, 

5 00 

12, " 


Wilson, Win., Captain, 

5 00 

.12, " 


Wilkin, Eli, Major, . 

5 00 

12, " 


Carlin, Wuk P., General, 

5 00 

28, " 


Swaini, D. G., General, 

5 00 

28, " 


Hopkins, Geo. H., 

5 00 

28, " 


Butler, John G., Major, . 

5 15 

28, " 


Cow in, W. C, Captain, 

5 00 

June 4, " 


Gardner, H., Captain, 

5 00 

^, " 


Wills, A. W., Captain, 

5 00 

5, " 

7, " 


Kell, W. H., Captain, 

Tweedale, John, .... 

5 00 
5 00 



Lyster, Wra, J., Colonel, 

5 00 

18, " 


Freeman, Henry V., . 

5 00 

18, " 


Nelson, W. H., Captain, . 

5 00 

18, " 


Harrison, C. E., Captain, 

5 00 

28, " 


Goodloe, Green Clay, 

5 00 

July 3', " 


Taylor, John W., Colonel, . 

5 00 

Ainount carried forward, 

$490 15 



Army of the Cumberland. 

Date of 

Years for 
wtiich I'aid. 




9, 1897. 

9, " 

14, '' 

14, - 
IG, " 

u;, " 

17, " 

L>0, " 

20, " 

20, " 

24, " 

■^, " 

4, " 

^, " 

15, " 
15, '• 
15, " 
15, " 





Amomit brougJit furward, 

Bisliop, John S., Colonel, 

Bond, Frank S., INIajor, 

Sanderson, F. M., Captain, 

Mizner, Henry R., General, 

Gilpin, L. L., 

Smith, Orland, General, 

JNIitchell, John L., . 

Forgey, J. S., 

Betts, Clias. M., Colonel, 

Blackmer, Collins, Captain, 

Lambert, Wm. H., ^lajor, 

Phillips, A. W., Surgeon, . 

Milward, W. R., Colonel, 

Harmon, P. M., Captain, 

Greenwood, j\Trs. K. 1)., . 

Phisterer, Fred., Captain, 

Jones, Sidney B., Colonel, 

Kimball, Nathan, General, . 


$490 15 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

10 00 

10 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

$590 15 

Total, . . . ' . 

Respectfully submitted, 


Treasurer ad int. 
Washington, D. C, September 22, 1897. 

Following the Treastirer's Report, the report of General 
11. A. Algek, Secretary of War, Treasurer of the Sheridan 
Statue Fund, was presented, as follows: 

War Department, Office of the Secretary, 

Washington, May 1, 1897. 

I inclose herewith a statement of the receipts and ex- 
penditures made by me as Treasurer of the Sheridan Statue Fund, 
Avhich shows a balance to the credit of the fund now of $2,845.17. 
This, increased by the amount of your check for S332.90, makes a 
total of $3,178.07 now in my hands. 

Very truly yours, 

R. A. ALGER, Treasurer. 
General H. V. Boynton, 

Corresponding Secretary Society of the Army of the Cumberland ^ 
Washington, I). C. 

S' V. 

'^ :.-:>: X 

J y A 

Sheridan Statue Fund. 



R. A. Ai 







































Detroit, April 27, 1 
,GER, Treasurer, 

la account with 


Cash received from — 

Fort Supply, Indian Territory, .... 

Fort Bliss, Texas, 

Fort Kiley, Kansas, 

Fort Davis, Texas, 

Company I. Fifteenth Infantry, .... 

Enlisted men Troop C, Seventh Cavalry, . 

KnHsted men Troops F and G, Eighth Cavalry, 

Enlisted men Co. I, Twentieth Infantry, . 

N. C. O. and band antl Company K, Twenty-fifth In 

Troops E, F, H and K, Seventh Cavalry, . 

Field, statf, and Con^panies C, D, G and T, Ninth In- 

Olficers, etc., Forts Randall and Bnford, 

Ollicers, etc., A, R, E and F, Eighth Infantry, 

Oflicers, etc.. Troops A, F and \j. Fifth Cavalry, $34 25 
Less exchange, 40 

W. IE Kinkead Post 293, 

J. T, Rives, .Alorgantown, Ky., .... 

Robt. Anderson rost68, 

(iilbert W. Thompson Post 13, 

John Howard Post 154, Ohio, .... 


Post 9, 

Captain Snow Post 461, Pennsylvania, . 

StnMig \'incent Post 67, 


Grayville Post 373, Illinois, .... 

Jas. N. Van liuskirk Post 100, New Jersey, . 

Ford Post 14, Ohio, 

Sumner Post 3, C'alifornia, 

J. S. MeCready Post 456, Ohio, .... 
Mitchell Post 45, Ohio, 


8 50 

35 25 

8 55 

9 00 

8 00 

8 80 

13 50 

9 75 

15 00 

13. 25 

75 75 

13 50 

33 00 

33 85 

10 00 


14 90 

9 70 

3 50 

1 00 

14 00 

1 00 

10 00 


2 65 

10 00 

10 00 

15 00 

5 00 

10 00 

\)nou)it carried forward, 

$402 65 


I>i y.: M r'':''lHc 

■ i ■ v - ; ». 


' :'"o'-{ 



;'i 'i. 





^J.., - ■ 

■'-• ■■/'- 


1 " ;■ r^-^- ■-■'■'■'' ■ 


'..(.[ ■) ' 


1, t^ 


Army of the Cumberland. 

1890. Amount brought forward, 

July 29. 0. M. Mitchell Post 1, 

29. Post 09, .... 
80. Silver, .... 

30. Samuel C. Steadnian Post 49 
30. Burnside Post 2, . 

30. Colonel Geo. A. Copbam Post 311 
17. Interest, 

31. lliratn Warner Post, 
Aug. 1. D. N. Keeler Post 152, 

4. Farragut Post 27, 

4. Post 400, 

5. Captain Lyons Post 85, 
0. INIajor John Jones' Post 22, 
0. Packard Post 193, 
0. Newark Post 353, 
0. John Wood Post 9(5, 
0. Blankenship Post 77, 

11. Custer Post 47, 

11. Winfield Post 85, . 

11. Vicksburg Post 7, 

11. Nickajoba Post 245, 

11. (ieo. W. McKinley Post 92, 

11. General Tbos. C. Devlin Caval 

12. Highland Post 437, . 

12. Cioodlan<l Post 57, 

13. Robt. Callaway Post 504, 
15. Caldwell Post 245, 
10. A. W. Drips Post 74, 
IS. Jobu D. Bertolette Post 4S4, 

19. (Juster Post 9, 

20. Phil Sheridan Post 24, 
20. Woolsey Post 399, 

20. Individual, 

21. C'hattanooga Post 115, . 

21. Hurlburt Post 127, . 

22. Phil Sheridan Post 7, . 
* 23. Brandy wine Post 54, . 

23. W. S. Parnily Post 4, . 
25. Alex. Bowrie Post 38, 
25. Bond Post 24, 
25. John Brown Post 194, 
25. Darveau Post 329, 
25. (Jeo. H. Thomas Post 29, 
25. (ieo. II. Thomas Post 5, 

Amount carried forward, 

§895 44 



Sheridan Statue Fund. 


Amount bnmgJd forward, .... 

. $895 44 

Aug. 25. 

Twelve Comrades, 

2 85 


liryner Post 67, 

30 00 


Putnam Post o8, 

5 25 


Post 34, 

50 00 


Colonel John W. McLane Post 102, 

1 95 


Chat field Post 11, 

2 50 


Lincoln Post 11, 

23 20 


George A. Custer Post 1, 

4 25 


Memorial Post 141, 

25 00 


Hall Post 42, 

1 00 


Atlanta Post 92, 

1 60 


Dunham Post 141, 

17 45 


Tyler Post 5 

6 00 


Phil Sheridan Post 13, 

3 70 


Samuel TI. Sizer Post 207, .... 

10 00 


Sergeant Pel Her Post 331, 

5 00 

" 26. 

Bassett Post 10, 

4 50 


James P], Moore Post 18, 

10 00 


Frank Graves Post 64, 

3 95 


Forest City Post 556, 

10 00 


T. J. Brouster l*o8t 233, .... 

5 60 


Alexander Hamilton Post, . . . . 

25 00 


George Hicard Post 3()2, . , . . 

25 00 


John S. Bittner Post 122, ...... 

10 00 


John A. Dix Post 42, 

25 00 


Polo Post 84, 

4 10 


Post 194, ....... 

2 00 


Washington Post 593, 

9 70 

Sept. 1. 

G. L. Fort Post 177 

5 00 


T. L. Suti)hen Post 41, 

6 14 


U. S. Grant I*ost 110, 

10 60 


Sheridan Post 14, 

4 50 


Lexington Post 240, 

4 80 


Sergeant Wyman I*ost 97, . . . . 

5 32 


William Lundy Post 271, .... 

2 61 


John Stevenson Post 609, 

2 00 


Colonel James A. Mulligan Post 30(j, . 

10 00 


Phil. Kearney Post 10, 

6 15 


Thos. J. Brooks Post 322, .... 

1 10 


Weatherway Post 75, 

10 (i5 



1 00 


A. B. K. Sprague Post 24, . . . . 

6 30 

■ 11. 

Union Post 441, 

7 00 


Alexander Post 155, 

1 20 


Boss Wible Post 54!», 

1 00 

Amount carried for trar J, 

$1,305 41 

\ ; 

( ! 
I 1 lis. 

J.- 4 

u .'■■^'■i 

Army of the Cmnherland. 

Sept. 15. 



/ . 















. 1. 






Jan. 1. 

Dec. 1 . 


Jan. 19. 


:\Iar. 2;}. 





Amount brought forward, . 
Custer Post 5, . . . . 
M. H. Whitney Post 350, 
Colonel llassendeubel Post 13, 
K. Foster Robinson Post 3(), 
Lieutenant James G. Stevens Post I; 
Uzal Dodd Post 12, 
Army of the Cumberland Society, 
0. E. Welch Post 75, . . '. 
George Huntsman Post 50, 
General Hancock Post 390. . 
Tim Lewis Post 107, 
Burnside Post 32, .... 
George S. Dawson Post 63, 
Lieutenant 1). W. Taggert Post 24L 
Lieutenant D. W. Taggert. W. li. C. 
J. O. Brookbank, individual, 
Lieutenant John Baxter Post 338, 
August Belknap Post 37, 
W. S. Hancock Post 244, . 
Jayhawker Post 140, 
Sheridan Post 028, 
Joseph Auderegg Post 242, . 
Ord Post 17, 

O. P. :\Iorton Post 38, . 

Michael Cook Post 123. . 

Silas A. Strickland Post 127, 

Captain Kinser Post 341, . 

Veteran Post 42, . 

Colonel Owen Jones Post 591, 

J. G. Butler Post 111, . 

Hill Post 197, . 

Eagle Post 52, .... 

Geo. 1). Wagner Post 305, 

J. M. Read Post 155, 

Ellis Post 0, .... 

( I rand Rapids Post 395, void, 

Abraham Vooburgh Post 95, " . 

Ontario I'ost 124 

General Philip H. Sheridan Post 030, 
1890. Interest credit at bank, 
Geo. B. Whitcom Post 139, 
Lieutenant H. H. Hoagland Post 170, 
Jas. Jl I\IcKean Post 1, 
Veteran Post 8 

$,1305 41 

1 75 


G4 90 

5 00 

4 00 

10 00 

. 775 00 

12 25 

5 00 

5 00 


5 GO 

11 85 

5 00 

3 00 

5 00 


3 35 

2 70 

2 50 

18 00 

2 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

2 75 

2 05 

3 55 

3 00 

5 00 

2 00 

15 00 

1 00 

(y 00 

5 10 

3 50 

2 00 

12 15 

9 G() 

3 50 

4 00 

27 45 

10 50 

AmoiDtt ccirricd forward, 

$2,382 47 

': iV. .b 

^}'f •-. /^ |i< ■; i- 

Sheridan Statue Fund. 






















































Ainouid hroiigJtt forward, , 
General Fred Knefler, 
General H. N. Slocuni, . 
General James D. ^lorgan, 
General Daniel Dnstin, 
Department of Virginia, . 
Post 02, Altoona, Pa., . 
Colonel M. A. Cochran, 
Dr. L. E. Fuller, . 
Samuel ]\I. Palmer, . 
Chas. E. Dinger, 
John F. Dinger, 
Major E. P. Kirk, . 
Francis S. Long Post 30, . 
Henry C. ^leurin Post 52, 
Mansliekl Post 53, 
A. G. Warner l^ost 54, . 
Williams Post 55, 
Sam'l Brown Post 50, 
D. C. Rodman Post 05, 
iUirpee Post 71, 
Hancock Post 81, 
J. F. Trumhull Post 82, 
Interest on Cert, of Dept., 
(fcneral C. C. (lilbert, . 
Captain J. J. Stark, . 
Colonel Anson Mills, 
John A. Dix Post, 
Interest Cred. at Bank, . 
Colonel Frederick Phisterer, 
(ieneral Frederick Townsend, 
Colonel Chas. A. Reynolds, note 
(;eneral W. D. Whipple, . 
SurL'^eon J. C. Thorpe, . 
I'hil Sheridan Post 015, 
Captain Henry Cohn, . 
( i. A. Custer Post 25, 
Decker Post 334, . 
Wilson Col well Post 38, . 
^hijor E. R. Kirk, . 
James M. J>rown Post 285, 
Wm. T. Bradshaw, 
D. S. Stanley, 
Colonel R. E. Crofton, . 
Wm. Richardson Post 254, 
J. S. FuUerton, 

$2,382 47 
10 05 
25 00 
50 00 
25 00 
3 85 
10 00 
10 00 
25 00 
10 00 
10 00 
40 00 

8 10 

10 00 
30 00 
30 00 

7 50 

11 00 

9 20 

10 00 

3 00 

10 14 

25 00 

5 00 

25 00 

3 70 

47 57 

10 00 

10 00 

20 unpaid. Note returned. 

5 00 

7 25 

3,2 75 

3 30 
1 40 

4 99 

5 40 
15 00 

5 00 

1 00 
20 00 
27 40 

2 00 
280 00 

AdioioU carrial funvard, 

3,280 01 

'.%-T^V\Sr"'.'':'. :'-'", 



n. t',' , ' 

nor Hi 


Army of the Cumberland. 

Dec. 1 . 

June 1. 
Sept. 0. 
Dec. 1 . 

May 23. 

; , 28. 

June 1. 
Dec. 1. 

Mar. 20. 

April 5. 


















Dec. 1. 

June 1. 
Dec. 1. 

1 890. 
June 1. 
Dec. 1. 



A ug. 


Amoiott hroughi forwm 
Interest Cred. by I^ank, 

Interest Cred, by Bank, 
Dept. :\Iass. Post 39, . 
Interest Cred. by Bank, . 

M. Jackson, 

T. C. .Moore, . 

II. C. Ilobart, . 

l*eter Frattenger, . 

C. D. Rogers, 

F. W. Freese, 


Interest, .... 

Robert H. Cochran, . 

General J. S. Fullerton, 

General J. S. Fullerton, 

General J. S. Fullerton, 

General J. S. Fullerton, 

Ira Willis, 

Calvin ilood, 

J. S. Fullerton, 

A. Mauser, 

J. 8. Fullerton, 

J. S. Fullerton, . 

J. S. Fullerton, 


J. S. Fullerton, 

J. S. Fullerton, . 

J. S. Fullerton, 

J. S. Fullerton, . 

J. S. Fullerton, 

J. S. l<\illerton, . 

C. W. Johnson, .... 

Toledo Society Army of C'Umberland 

J. S. Fullerton, . ' . . 

J. S. Fullerton, 

Alfred F. Wheelock, . 






$3,286 02 

59, 22 

01 39 

12 35 

50 01 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

1 00 

19 38 

20 28 

5 00 

51 00 

. 312 00 

170 00 

8 00 

1 00 

5 00 

75) 00 

. 100 00 

41 00 

15 00 

20 03, 

20 70 

- 10 00 

8 00 

5 00 

12 00 

2 00 

1 00 

1 00 

. 100 00 

500 00 

10 00 

1 00 

40 88 

55 23 

53 02 

54 08 

55 78 

$5,345 17 

/'r-:il .:■■■ 

.1 .'K^ri 


Annual Business Meeting. 27 

1892. Credit. 

Oct. IG. By New York Exchange to J. Q. A. Ward, . . $2,500 00 


Dec. ]. Balance in .State Savings Bank, Detroit, . . . $2,845 17 

On motion of General T. J. Wood, the Treasurers' re- 
ports were accepted. 

General Boynton : The next report in order is tliat of the 
Committee on Memoirs, of which I believe, the President is chair- 
nuin ; but it has not been found practicable to read tin's report at 
the meetings of the Society. It is included in the published pro- 
ceedings. " ' 

The Chair: I will state, as chairman of the Committee on 
Memoirs, that we lost a number of our best and most distinguislied 
members last year. I have discharged the duties of chairman of that 
committee to the best of my ability, aided by the other members of 
the committee, and the memoirs were all written aiui published in 
the volume for that year. There will be occasion during our ad- 
journed business meeting on Friday for further remarks in regard to 
our deceased Comrades, and the Society will be gratified to hear from 
any who have any thing to say of the men whose deaths have been 
recorded in the volume of last year. 

As far as the writing of the memoirs is concerned, I wrote many 
of thejn myself, and I believe the work is complete for the past year. 

The rej)ort of the Comnn'ttee on National Parks is now in order. 
General Boynton, as chairman of that committee, will report. 

General Boynton: Mr. President, and (lentkmcn of the Society 
— There is nothing new to say to you in regard to this project, 
whicli originated within tlie Society of the Army of the Gnniberland, and 
in which you have all taken such deep interest and rendered such 
eflectual aid to all connected with it. 

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Army of the Ciimherland. 

Under the present ad ministration, President McKinley, and 
General Alger as Secretary of War, have extended to us every 
aid we could expect. The War Department has given all the assist- 
ance it could to the furtherance of this project, and the Appropria- 
tion Committee was more than willing to give us all the money we 
asked, though we have been somewhat modest in our requests because 
of the condition of the Treasury. There has not been a time when 
the chairman of this committee has not said to us that lie would be 
glad to give us more than we asked if the condition of the Treasury 
would warrant. 

But the work has been going on. The Lookout Mountain Battle- 
field has been purchased. That entire field has been cleared of under- 
brush, and a mile of paths so constructed as not to disturb the general 
appearance, but to render of easy access the more difficult portions of 
the field, and make it comfortable even for ladies to walk to the foot 
of the Palisades. The monuments of the whole Park increase in 
beauty and value as the work progresses. The LaFayette Road is 
being constructed from Lee and Gordon's j\Iills to LaFayette — thus 
ad<liug a large theater of cavalry operations, and the region in which 
Bragg's entire army operated from September 8th until the Battle 
of Chickamauga, to the Park project. Other extensions are being 
made, so that when the road is finished there will be a straight drive 
of thirty miles from Sherman's battlefield at the north end of Mission 
Ridge to I^aFayette, tiirough noted fighting ground throughout. I 
suppose there is no military park in the world of this extent, certainly 
uone of which we have any information. There is a great deal which 
could be said that would interest you who took part in this matter, 
but it would take too much time. I will simply say that every thing 
is going on in the most efficient manner under the present administra- 
tion, as under that of Cleveland, and under Si-xretary Lamont ; 
and previous to him, under Secretary Elkins ; and especially Sec- 
tary Proctor, under whose administration the organization of the 
Park Commission took place. I will not detain you with any further 

':^ ^.;.'(i,.-, 

[i<>'j ;hi 'O 

nid} 1... 

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.1- '..•..-:: -l-O V'- . 

Annual Business Meeting. 

The Chair: Next in order is the appointment of committees for 
the coming year, and as that will take some little time, I would sug- 
gest that we take a recess of fifteen or twenty minutes. 

Oh HiotioH of General J. \Y. Burke, a recess of ten 
minutes was taken for the purpose named, after whicli the 
meetinsr was a2:ain called to order and tlie following: named 
committees announced: 

Committee on Selection of Orator. 

General James Barnett, Colonel John Leverett, 

Captain L. D. jNIyers, General J. H. Wilson, 

Colonel John W. Steele, General J. G. Parkhurst, 

Lieutenant Harky JNI. Williams. 

Committee on Selection of Time and Place. 

General J. W. Forsyth, General Anson Mills, 

General Thomas J. Wood, xYllen R. Foote, 

Li:vi L. GiLFiN, Captain A. P. Baldwin, 

Colonel Rorert H, Hall, 

Committee on Kominution of Ofticers. 

General G. S. AV^ormer, General A. Baird, 

Captain John F. Isom, Captain J. W. Foley, 

General J. W. Burke, INIajor W. F. Goodspeed, 

General J. W. Kiefer, S. C. Nople. 

General Boynton: The remaining committees are such as do 
not have work to })erform during this meeting, and will be announced 
before its close. 

On motion, the committees were accepted as read. 

The chairmen of the ahove-named committees an- 
nounced meetings of tlieir respective committees to be held 
immediately^ upon tlie close of the general meeting. 




xArmy of the Cumberland. 

. Recording Secretary Colonel John W. Steele an- 
nounced that in the absence of the Treasurer, dues would be 
payable to him at any time during the meeting. 

General Parkhurst: I see that the program of our meetings 
covers three days, and there is no business meeting, as far as I can 
learn, laid out hy the Local Committee for tliis Society for to-mor- 
row. To-night we are to meet and listen to the Oration, and after 
that to !neet at the Chittenden Hotel and have a little Symposium. 
But to-morrow there is nothing for this Society to do. There are 
many present who have come long distances and who do not expect 
to remain over two days, and I would like to have the husiness 
finished to-morrow instead of waiting until Friday. I would like to 
hear an expression of opinion on this subject, and see whether a 
change can not he made without showing discourtesy to the Local 
Committee, so as to have our business meeting to-morrow, instead of 
on Fiiday. 

Major Goodspked: We have arranged to entertain you all day 
to-morrow. We supposed you were coming, not only to do business, 
hut to have a good time as well. To-morrow morning there will be 
tiie l*ara(le, in which we exj)ect you to take part. In the afternoon, 
i\w Hing'iu and Camp I"'ir(^ tit GU»ntangy Park has been arranged for 
al great deal expcuHe, for your entertainnKiuL as wtdl as (iuit of 
th(5 Union Veteran Ltujion. If all you canni for was to do business, you 
might as well (io it in fifteen minutes and go home. 

( JicNKRAii Wood: I (juite coincide with the remarks of General 
Parkuurst. 'I'hc Burgoo need not interfere with a business meeting 
to i>uMh*w nuMnin^\ Then W(> ean uo and take in the Burgoo. 
l^laybt^ lUvu^ will bo .so uineh in it iluil it will disturb our brains, and 
W(" would not 1)0 fit for business afterward. Lt't us llnish up the 
business to-morrow morning, and let those who want to go home 
Friday do so. I propose that we have a business meeting here to- 
morrow morning at 10 o'clock. 

I JrtH 

Annual Business Meeting. 


Major Goodspeed: That may suit, you aud General Park- 
riURST, but I do nut believe it will please any body else. The rest 
of the people have come here to stay and accept our hospitality until 
the meeting is over. 

Colonel Levering: I am sorry to say that I can not agree 
wiih my beautiful aud distinguished friend, General Wood, and my 
equally distinguished and beautiful friend, General Parkhurst. 
There is reason why we should not change the program. It has been 
understood that we would be here three days, and some may have 
beeu unfortunately detained and unable to come until the third day, 
expecting to take part in the business meeting on Friday; and now, 
gentlemen, if we are going to adjourn one day (^arlier than has been 
advertised, and go home, a lot of men may come and ask, " Where is 
the njeeting of the Army of the Ciunberlaiid T and be much disap- 
pointed at not finding us. I agree entirely that three days is loo 
much time to occupy with the business affairs of this Society; but 
having practically accepted the hospitality of this city, and having 
advertised to the Comrades that we will have a tliree days' session of 
this Society, it would not be ])roper to change the date of the busi- 
ness meeting wheiein we elect officers, and adjourn a day earlier. 
Now, this is a business reason why we should not distuib the order of 

General Forsytm : It seems to me that, after the carefully- 
arranged program has been prepared for our benefit by the committee 
in charge here, it would be right and proper to carry out the program 
as presented. But I do not know that any thing is binding on every 
one to stay until the conclusion of the meeting. There might be a 
number come here the third day, but, if there are any who do not 
want to stay for the third day, why, goodness gracious sakes alive, they 
can take the train and leave ! 

General Parkhurst: In order to settle the question, I move 
you, Sir, ihat the business of this meeting of the Army of tJte Ciunber- 
^and be closed to-morrow morning at this })lace, at 11 o'clock, — then, 

Army of the Citrnherland. 

if any one wants to stay till Friday, he is at liberty to do so. [Sec- 
onded.] - 

Major Goodspeed : The Union Veteran Legion have invited you 
to attend their Symposium to-morrow night at Wirthwein's Hall. We 
expect you to take part in the parade in the morning, and have pro- 
vided carriages for all who do not care to walk. The parade starts 
at 10 o'clock, and will not be over in an hour. We expect it to 
be quite a creditable affair. It will include the Union Veteran Legion 
and Army of tlie Cumberland, and the Seventeenth Ixegiment of United 
States troops. You always had a parade, even at Rockford, where 
you fellows rode in carriages while we walked. Then we have gone 
to a great deal of trouble to get up the Burgoo for to-morrow after- 
noon — I do not know what it is myself, but I think it is something you 
will enjoy: and to-morrow night you are invited to the Symposium of 
the Union Veteran Ljegion. Friday morning you are to have your 
meeting here at 10 o'clock, and in the afternoon Coi.onel Poland 
gives a special dress parade at the Barracks. [Upon a vote, motion 

The following letters, received by the Local Colmiibus 
Committee, were read to the Society by General Boynton : 

Executive JMansion, 
Washington, Monday, September 20, 1897. 
The President regrets his inability to accept the courteous invita- 
tion of the Society of tJie Army of the Cumberland to be present at its 
Twenty-seventh Beunion, to be held at Columbus, Ohio, September 
22, 23, and 24, 1897. 

Old Forge, N. Y., July 13, 1897. 
Major W. F. Goodspeed, 

Chairman, etc., 

Columbus, Ohio. 


I have your letter of July 3d, and beg to say in 

reply that it will hardly be possible for me to be in Columbus on the 

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Annual Business Meeting. 


24th of September. I shall not return to the west as soon as that, and 
can not make a special trip to Ohio, leaving my family here, for that 
purpose. I am sorry to disappoint you, but it so must be. 

Very truly yours, 


Depaktment of State, 

Washington, Juhj 9, 1897. 
INIajor W. F. Goodspeed, 


Your kind note inviting me to attend the Re- 
union of the Army of the Cumberland, at Columbus, on the 22d of 
September next, is received. It would give me great pleasure to 
accept, but I can hardly Iiope to be able to do so. 

Very truly yours, 


Office of the Secretary, War Department, 

Washington, Juhj 10, 1897. 
Major W. F. Goodspeed, 

Columbus, Ohio. 


I am in receipt of your courteous invitation of 

the tliird inst. to attend the Annual Reunion of the Army of the Cum- 

herkuid upon tlie 22d and 24th of September, and I will be glad to be 

})resent if possible. Of course, the date is so far ahead, and there are 

so many demands upon my time, that I can not now make a positive 

engagement. It is not improbable that the President will come there 

from his reunion, which, I understand, occurs on tlie 21st at Fremont. 

Of course, I am only making a suggestion. I do not know what his 

engagements will permit him to do. 

Very truly yours, 


Secretary of War. 



Army of the Ciiiriherland. 

United States Senate, 
Washington, D. C, July 12, 1897. 
Major W. F. Goodspeed, 

Columbus, Ohio. 

If my other engagements will admit of it, I will 
be glad to attend the Reunion of the Army of the CiunberUind as you 
have kindly invited me to do. We will at that time doubtless be en- 
gaged in the campaign, but I have no doubt I can so shape matters 
as to allow me to attend. 

Very truly yours, etc. 


Cleveland, Ohio, September 8, 1897. 
Major W. F. Goodspeed, 

Columbus, Ohio. 

I have received the card of your committee, in- 
viting me to attend the Twenty-seventh Reunion of the Society of tJie 
Army of the Cumberland at Columbus, September 22d, 2od and 24th. 
Your arranged program assures a successful and enjoyable affair, and 
I would be very glad to accept your kind invitation, and enjoy the 
events of the three days with you, but I find a previous engagement 

I appreciate fully the honor the inVitation carries with it, and 
sincerely thank your committee for the remembrance. 

I would wish also to express to the members of your illustrious 
Society my full appreciation of their invaluable services for their 
country and my hearty sympathy with all their interests. 

Truly yours, 



^0 ' 

Annual Business Meeting. 35 

Hamilton, Ohio, ^epfe^n^er 14, 1897. 
Colonel S. N. Cook, 

Secretary, 1778836 

Columbus, Ohio. 

I beg to thank the committee for an invitation to 
attend tlie exercises at the Keunion upon the 23(1 ; and to express deep 
regret that a prior engagement compels me to decline. 

Sincerely yours, 


Hampton, Va., September 16, 1897. 
Major W, F. Goodspeed, 
Chairman, etc. 


I anticipated a delightful time at the Columbus 
Reunion. Am very sorry to say, however, that an attack of sickness, 
from which I am still too much indisposed to make the trip, will pre- 
clude the possibility of my attendance. 

My heartfelt greetings to all the Comrades. 
Ever truly yours, 


Omaha, Neb., September 18, 1897. 
Major W, F. Goodspeed, 

Columbus, Ohio. 
J I am in receipt of your favor of the 11th inst., 

urging me to attend the Reunion of the Army of the Cumberland, to be 
held at Columbus from the 22d to the 24th of September. 

Nothing would afford me greater pleasure than to meet my Com- 
rades and friends of the great Army of the West, with whose long and 
glorious history we were both so closely identified. 

I do not see how it is possible for me to come. My professional 
duties here are of such a character that they demand my constant atten- 
tion, and all I can say is that if in a week lience I find that it is pos- 

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ArTYiy of the Cumberland. 

sible for me to skip out to Columbus and speud a day or two with you> 
I will do so. 

If I should find it possible so to do, I will telegraph you on the 
19th or 20th. If you do not hear from me, you may conclude that I 
can be with you and my Companions in spirit only. 

Truly yours, 


The Governor of Pennsylvania, through Private Secre- 
tary Butler, wrote : 

September 9, 1897. 
Captain S. N. Cook, 

Columbus, Ohio. 

Governor Hastings directs ine to acknowledge 
receipt of your letter of the 5th inst., inviting him to be present at the 
outdoor camp fire and Burgoo at Olentangy Park, Columbus, Sep- 
tember 23d, held under the auspices of the Army of the Cumberland 
and Union Veteran Legion, and advise you he sincerely regrets that a 
contemplated vacation for the latter part of September, taking him 
from the state, will prevent his attendance. 

He appreciates the honor of the invitation, and begs to express 
to the General Committee of x\rrangements and yourself his best 
thanks for the kind remembrance. 

September 9, 1897. 
Governor Asa Bushnell and others, 

Local Executive Committee. 


It would give me great pleasure to be WMth you 

on the 22d, 23d, and 24th of this month, and 1 regret exceedingly my 

inability to come. 

I always try to go to all the Army of the Cumberland Reunions, 

and I am more than disappointed in this instance, because of the 


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Annual Business JlJeetin^. 


additional pleasure it would be to be with "my home folks" on the 
committee and Columbus generally. 
With kindest regards to all, 

Sincerely, your friend, 


Valley of Chicago, September 2, 1897. 
Major Goodspeed. 


I deeply regret tl)at with each returning Re- 
union, I am compelled to say that other engagements and duties to the 
living compel my absence from the council of my Comrades. Few 
are the years remaining to any of us before we cross to the other shore 
and bivouac with the great majority of our grand old Army of tlie 
Cumberland who have preceded us. 

The pontoon is laid for you and I, and soon we must respond to 
tlie detail to join so many of our late commanders and our late 
Treasurer, General J. S. Fullerton, whose sad and untimely 
death must cast a shadow over the coming meeting. No meeting of 
our Society has taken place since its formation but there General 
Fullerton was seen, as no battle of our army was fouglit in which 
he was not f )und. 

God bless his memory, and let his Comrades emulate his virtues, 
cultivate courteous bearing toward all, and keep in constant remem- 
brance his love of country and Comrades. 

Some day it may be so I can be with you, and until then, may 
God bless and have you in his keeping. 
/ Sincerely and truly yours, 


Portland, Maine, September 6, 1897. 
Captain S. N. Cook, 

Secretary, etc. 


1 acknowledge with sincere pleasure the receipt 

of vour cordial invitation to attend the Twentv-seventh Keunion of 


.J. JfV( 


Army of the Citmherland. 

tlie Sociehj of the Army of the Cumberland, at Columbus, on September 
22(1, 2,Sd, and 24tli. 

It would give me great gratification to meet my old Comrades, 
but other engagements compel me with deep regret to decline the 
invitation of the committee. 

Very sincerely, yours, 



Albany, N. Y., September 7, 1897. 
Major AV. F. Goodspeed, 


Columbus, Ohio. 


I deeply regret that I am not able to accept the 

kind invitation to attend the Twenty-seventh Reunion of the Society 

oftJie Army of the Cumberland, at Columbus, Ohio, September 22d, 23d, 

and 24th. 

Hoping the Reunion will be a ha})py one, I remain, 

Yours, very truly, 


Brevet Major. 

New York, September 13, 1897. 
General H. V. Boynton, 

Corresponding Secretary, Society of the Army of the Cumberland, 
Washington, D. C. 

I am in receipt of your very kind invitation to 
the Army of the Tennessee and my.self, U) attend the Reunion of the 
Society of the Army of the Cumberland on September 22d and 24th. 

I am very sorry to say that personally I will be unable to 
attend, as I made arrangements for those dates long time ngo. I will, 
however, forward the invitation to our Society iieadquarters, with in- 
structions to notify the members of our Society of the cordial invita- 
tion, and I have no doubt that many of tliem living in that vicinity 
will take the opportunity of becoming acquainted with you. 


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Annual Business Meeting. SO 

I note what you say as to the great satisfaction throughout the 
ranks of your Society over the cordial relations which exist between 
the two armies. I can assure you that the Armij of tJie Tennessee re- 
ciprocates most fully your sentiments. I think you are all aware of 
that, and that we feel after the war the same brotherly feeling w^e 
did during the war, when we were so often close together aiding 
each other. 

Will you please express to the Society my regrets and thanks, 

and how fully I appreciate the cordial reception of your Society in 


Truly and cordially yours, 


60 Congress St., Boston, September 15, 1897. 
Major W. F. Goodspeed, 

Chairman of Exec i dive Committee Twentij-seventli Reunion of the 
Societij of the Army of the Cumberland, 
Columbus, Ohio. 

Your invitation to the Twenty-seventh Reunion 
of our dear old Army of the Cumberland was received on my recent 
return from my White ^Mountain summer home ; my reply has been 
delayed in the hope that I might answer that I would report in per- 
son. Now, however, that pleasure seems impossi])le, and so I send 
my regrets at not being able to meet this year those gallant men at 
whose side I served thirty-five years ago, to remember whom is always 
a treasured privilege. 

/ Personally, I may add, that " Goodspeed's Battery" is an in- 
tegral part of our war history, and its commander has not only the 
credit due to its able handling in famous battles, but (I am glad to 
know) of living to receive the grateful acknowledgments of his state 
and country, as well as of your friend, 



Army of the CuinherlafLd. 

Berkeley Lodge, 
Old Forge P. O., N. Y., September 20, 1897. 


Columbus, Ohio. 

Pardon me for having delayed so long the answer 
to your letter of September 11th; but I have been very busy out of 
doors, and my in-door work has been postponed. It is very good of 
you to so much desire my presence at your celebration, but I am 
quite sure I will not be able to attend. 

Very truly yours, 


Oh motion the business meeting of the Society was acl- 
iolirned until Fridav mornino; at 10 o'clock. 

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Wednesday Evening, September 22, 1897. 

The Society assembled at the Columbus Auditorium, an 
immense audience being present. The building had been 
strikingly decorated by the local committee. 

General Stanley presided, and after music by the Sev- 
enteenth Regiment Band, Rev. John C. Jackson was iutro- 
duced and offered the following invocation : 

O Lord, our Heavenly Father, we would prostrate ourselves in 
the presence of the majesty of Heaven. AVe recognize Thee as the 
Author and Giver of every good and perfect gift, and beseech Thy 
blessing at this time. Bless all the exercises of this hour; sanctify 
the speaking and hearing to our good and to Thy glory. AVe thank 
Thee for the victories won by the array whose anniversary we celebrate 

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Annual Reunion. 


to-uight. We thank Thee for Stone's River, for C.hickaniauga, for Mis- 
sionary Ridge, for Nashville, and all those fields whereon its devotion 
to the Union was proved by the shedding of blood. We recognize on 
all these battle fields the stately stepping of Providence whereby we 
approached the Union preserved in all its glorious strength. We 
thank Thee for Grant, for Roseckans, for Thomas, and f(;r Sheri- 
dan, and for all those great captains who conducted our army to vic- 
tory. May Thy blessing to-night attend General Rosecrans, as he 
is kept from our meeting in a distant state by old age and infirmity. 

We beseech Thee, our Heavenly Father, tliat Thy blessings may 
rest upon all tliis land ; and especially do we ask Thy blessing upon 
the President of the United States and his counsellors, upon both 
branches of the National Congress, the Supreme Court, and all other 
departments of the National Government. Bless the goveri^or of this 
state, and the legislature, and all the citizens of this great common- 
wealth. Bless all the states of this great Union. Help us, O Father, 
to live in concord together beneath the broad shelter of the Union. 
We thank Thee, O Lord, for the peace which has come after the cou- 
fiict. May Thy blessing be upon all the Comrades of the Army of the 

O Father, bless this Reunion and make it an inspiration to 
patriotism. God forbid that we should forget the cost whereby the 
Union was preserved. We ask Tiiy blessing to rest upon all our Com- 
rades wherever they may be, throughout this land. Give comfort to 
them in old age and infirmity, and to their families. We ask Thee to 
preserve our laud and Nation and our liberties, which have caused so 
much sacrifice and sufl^ering. We ask in the name of Jesus Christ, 
our Savior. Amen. 

Music by the Columbus Republican Glee Club. 

The Chair: Next in order on the programme is an address of 
welcome on behalf of the state by Governor I^ushnell; but we 
have just received word that he is detained at S})ringfield and unable 
to be present, so that we will have to pass the governor. Next, 
" Bugle Calls," by the band. 

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Army of the Cumberland. 

After this number had been finished, (Ienekal Stanley 
began to speak, when he was interru})tcd by the entrance of 
a body of men from Cincinnati, accompanied by a band 
phi}'ing " ^larching Througli Georgia." Much entliusiasm 
was created in the audience by the music of the band, and 
the party was greeted with cheers and waving of liandker- 

General Stanley: This interruption reminds me of u very 
good story told of Thomas Corwin, revered by every man born in 
Ohio and many outside. He was about to address an aucHence on an 
important sui)ject (^ne evening, and had just fixed himseH' for the en- 
tering wedge of his address, when a httle bnlhdog came upon the 
stage alongside him. Corwin said, "Fellow citizens" — and the bull 
dog said "bow-wow." He, not nonplused, turned to the dog and said, 
"i\ly dear sir — one at a time." [Laughter.] 

Just as the baud came in I began to introduce to you the dis- 
tinguished gentleman who is to address you to-night, but I will always 
stop talking to listen to " Marching Through Georgia." 

There are very few persons here who have nt^t read of the Battle 
of Nashville. There are very few who do not know the result of that 
great battle; but few people have given particular attention to the 
manner in which that engagement commenced, or the sequences of 
it. In introducing the gentleman who is to address you to night, I 
merely wish to call your attention to the fact that the left of that 
large army was first shaken by a cavalry force which passed around 
their flaidv and assaulted them in such a way as to nu\ke the men de- 
fending their line extremely nervous ; so that when the assault 
came from the infantry force, they were already at a run. 

I have the honor of introducing to you Major-General James 
H. Wilson, who connuanded the cavalry on that occasion, and who 
was the last commander of the cavalry corps of the liyimj of tfic Cumber- 

\ ■-. \;iHVx 

■ IK* 

Annual Address. MS 

Comrades: — You have had enough of history; and now 
for a little while Honor shall he the subject of my story. 
Your names are enrolled in the National Capital, and your 
deeds have been worthily recounted in the Official liecords. 
Your patriotism, your valor and your sutfurings have been 
told time and again till they are known of all who love their 
country. Your ii resides have been briglitened by the annals 
of your campaigns and battles. Your })ers()nal dangers and 
adventures have hecome as familiar as household words to 
those who are dear to you. Individually and collectively 
3'Our lieroic actions are enshrined in the hearts of your 
countrymen, and will be handed down in undiminished glory 
to your posterity. That which you fought for — an inde- 
structible Union and an untarnished Hag — are every-where 
recognized as safe beyond peradventure,from treason domestic 
and from foreign wars. Nay more, they are as dear to those 
who erst-while were arrayed against them as to us who up- 
held and sustained them. 

It is the wonder of the age that those who wore the 
gi'ay, whether they carried the swoi'd of authority and 
leadership, or tlie musket and saber of the ranks, for I'our 
k)ng years of mingled victory, suit'ering and defeat, are now 
as devoted, as earnest, as patriotic and as loyal as you who 
wore the blue and carried the starry tlag, with the cause of 
which it was the emblem, to ultimate and unquestioned 
triumph ! 

It is the wonder of the age, that '' that army of bright 
bayonets and tattered uniforms" which followed Lee .and 
Johnston and Hood and Forrest, and every-where upheld 
the fortunes of the Confederacy with such unquestioning de- 
votion, such unfaltering constancy, such unshaken courage 
as to win the admiration and praise of all mankind, should 
have sunk quietl}^ back into the bosom of the people from 


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Army of the Cumberlafid. 

wliicli it sprang, without leaving behind it one contumacious 
leader, or one " unreconstructed" private, to keep alive the 
anger of rebellion, or to stir the iires of sectional discord and 

It is the wonder of the age that tliere is not a "rebel" 
left of all that mighty host [applause]; that every one of 
the thousands of seasoned veterans who yet remain to enjoy 
the rights of nndiminislied citizenship and to gather the 
victories of peace, unhampered and uncontrolled, should be 
willing, nay, even anxious, to buckle on their armor again 
and go forth to show the high qualities which are their im- 
perishable lionor and glory, in the cause of an undivided 
Union, and the advancement of its high and manifest des- 
tiny! And I am sure, my Comrades, you will sympathize 
with those gallant heroes, who in so many battles measured 
their prowess against yours, in unavailing and unsatisHed 
sti'ife, and finally laid down their arms proudly claiming 
that they were " outwearied rather tlian overcome," if they 
now desire before it is too late to measure not only their 
prowess but their patriotism and loyalty, with yours, under 
a common flag and against a common foe! Who (h:)ubts 
that in such noble contention they would show the splendid 
courage — the dashing, invincible v.alor wliich charactei'ized 
their youthful devotion to the Lost Cause? What man of 
you with red blood in his veins would not like to see them 
once more in "battle's magniticently stern array," with 
muskets gleaming, sabers iiashing, aundst " the cannon's 
opening roai'," ami over all the warrior's fixed determination 
to do or die, but this time side by side with you under the 
starry fiag, the common emblem of Liberty and Union to 
every American citizen? That it will be so if ever occasion 
. ofiers, who can doubt; and, if in the Providence of God it 
should be so, whyt man who loves his country and believes 

Annual Address. J^5 

in her great mission, her splendid future, can regret or dis- 
courage it ? 

Wliatever t)tiiers may think, you are not tlie ones to say 
that war is the greatest of human ills. Your example, your 
lives and sacrifices, and above all your victories, are a splendid 
illustration tlnit in the internal affairs of a nation, as between 
section and section, l)a!'ty and party, man and man, there is 
something worse than fighting — something more to be feared 
tlian bloodshed — something more horrible than war. And 
so it is between nation and nation. There ai'e times when 
war is not only the last, but tlie only, the inevitable argu- 
ment, of kings and presidents alike. I shall not dwell upon 
the conditions which justify it, nor recount the ach'antnges 
which may spring from it, for that would lead me too far 
fi'om my tlieme; l)ut: I can not forbear })oiiiting out that it 
is as true now as it was in ancient times that the military 
virtues of honor, coni-age, fortitude and aml)ition are the vei'y 
foundation and bulwarks of a nation's true greatness ; that 
war is frerpiently necessary and inevitable, and comes upon 
us like a thief in the night, and that constant readiness for 
war is not only the best guaranty of ])rosperity and peace, 
but the best school of ti'ue citizenship and love of country. 

J)ACON, the first and greatest of l^higlish jdiiloso- 
])hers, over 250 years ago, announced in words of etei'nal 
truth that the first [)oint of greatness in any state is to have 
"a race of military men who pi'ofess arms ;is their ]>rincipal 
' honor, study, and occupation ;" that neither money nor 
numbers are the true sinews of war where the people are 
base or given over entirely to the arts of peace. That the 
wolf is never troubled Ijy how many sheep there be; that if 
another come who hatli better iron than you, he will be 
master of your gold ; that warlike peo[>le love (hmger better 
than work; that no nation which doth not keej) alive its 


Ariny of the Cimiberland. 

military spirit may ex[)Oct ^s^reatness to fall upon it; that no 
body, either natural or political, can Ije healthful without 
exercise; that a just and honorable war is the true exercise 
of a nation ; that a civil war is like the heat of a fever, 
while a foreign war is like the heat of exercise, which 
serveth to keep the body in health; that a long- and slothful 
])eace not only reduces courage to (!tfeminac3', but cori'upts 
the customs of the people and renders them unfit for great 
enterprises. But the wisdom of that |)hilosopher did not 
end with war on lan(h He it was who first })ointed out that 
'"the nation whicli commands the sea is at great liberty and 
nuiy liave as much or little of war as it will ;" that "the ad- 
vantai!:e of strens^th at sea" is not only liritain's i''reatness, 
but her wealtli as well ; and linally, that within the gi'cat 
fVanie of kingdoms and commonwealths, it is in the- power 
of princes and gov^ernments to add amplitude and greattiess 
to their possessions, and to hand them down to their poster- 
ity and successors, unimpaired and undiminished. 

It is for us to see that the truth of all this, wdiich is 
abundantly confirmed to us out of our own experience, is 
not lost to those who come after us, but is cherished and 
ke|>t alive as amongst their most precious heritages. Unfor- 
tunately, experience and wisdom are not transmitted directly 
from father to son, but eacli individual must start in and 
learn anew all the lessons of life — those of iionor and loyalty 
and patriotism, as well as those of the ai'ts and avocations 
of practical existence. But in these days of schools and 
colleges, of books and newspapers, of mails and telegraphs, 
the fountain of human wisdom — the rich stores of human 
experience — are open to all, and every man of average intel- 
ligence may, by middle life, know not onl}^ the secrets of his 
own calling, but the eternal truths of morality, philosophy. 

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Annual Address. 


and statcsnuiuship, wliicb in this blessed land of ours are the 
deep concern of every citizen. 

And how can we, my Comrades, better do our part 
toward those who are to succeed us than by holding up for 
their admiration the virtues of our great leaders? ITow can 
we better inculcate true honor, loyalty, and patriotism than 
by pointing out to the rising generation how richly and 
abundantly those who luive gone before were endowed with 
those high qualities? Ilow can we more surely fill the sonls 
of our young men with higli aspirations and noble thoughts 
than by holding up before tliem the unselfish and self-sacri- 
ficing heroism of those with whom we have stood side by 
side, and of whose high souls we have known the inmost 
seci'ets, trials, and temptations? I am not here to tell you 
that human nature is different now from what it has always 
been, but I would be false to my convictions if 1 did not 
stand up befoi'e you and strenuously })roclaim tliat it is im- 
provirig and progressing steadily toward higher and better 
ideals — toward liigher and better })ractit.'es and conduct in 
public as well as private life. 

It was my great and inestimable privilege to know per- 
sonally nearly every one of the corps and army commanders 
on both sides of the great conflict. I served with or against 
most of them, and I may claim without egotism that I en- 
joyed the closest intimacy with those who w^ere in actual 
command of the national forces during the closing cam- 
paign. T know you will pardon me for calling your atten- 
tion to the fact that 1 served on T. W. Sherman's and David 
JIunter's staffs during the Port Royal expedition, on 
McClellan's staff during the Antietam Campaign, on 
Grant's stafl:' during the Yicksburg and Chattanooga. Cam- 
paign — the period of his greatest performances and Ids 
greatest glory. I administered the Cavalry Bureau in 

*. Jf8 

Army of the Cumberland. 

Washington, commanded a division of cavalry under Sheri- 
Dx\N, Meade, and Grant, and a corps of seven divisions 
under Sherman and Thomas, and thus, face to face, soul to 
soul, in the pure atniospliere of campaign and battle, I have 
studied their characters and peculiarities, and have come to 
know those illustrions leaders, not only as soldiers and 
generals, but as men and citizens of the great repnblic, as 
none but a comrade can know them. I have read the his- 
tory of other times, and studied tiie lives of groat men of all 
countries and of all ages, and I submit with dithdence, but 
also with absolute confidence, that I am a good witness in 
their behalf. 

Permit me now to call your attention to the fact that 
the entire visible and invisible strength and resources — all 
the armed men and all the military nuiterials of the great 
republic — were at the close of tlie rebellion in the hands and 
under the control of Grant, Meade, Sherman, Thomas, Scho- 
EIELD and Canby, and their subordinates — subject only to the 
law and to the lawful behests of Lincoln, their constitu- 
tional Commander-in-Chief. It is a curious coincidence that 
every se[)arate army, every military division and depart- 
'ment, and every army corps exce[)t two on our side, wei*e 
commanded b}' professional soldiers and graduates of West 
l^oint ; and the same is true in a still higher degree of the 
Confederacy, for not only Lee, Loncjstreet, Johnston, Hood, 
Beauregard, and Kirby Smith, but Davis their President as 
well, with all their cor[)S and department commanders exce})t 
three, were also professional soldiers and graduates of West 
l^oint. So it may trutlifully ])e said that all the military re- 
sources of the entire continent were in the hands of its mili- 
tary leaders, during the final cam})aign and at the hour of 
tlie great cataclysm which wiped out the Confederacy for- 
ever. Fai- be it from me to recount these extraordinarv cir- 

i' J,''?:fiJn ■ jri'xi' 

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Annual Address. 


cumstmices for the purpose of glorifying the United States 
Military Academy at West Point. No, my Comrades, I re- 
count tliem for a far higher purpose — to glorify and honor 
man's liigliest attributes, to glorify and honor Amei'ican 
citizenship, to gh)rify and honor the personal character of 
the American soldier. 

But this is not ah. It has been finely said that " Honor 
is the moral conscience of the great," and I want to show 
you how true tliis is of the soldiers I have named. It is not 
my purpose upon this occasion to institute a comparison of 
the administrative ability, the learning, the strategic skill, 
tlie lendershi}) or the courage of those illustrious men. That 
has been done, or may be done at another time, with advan- 
tage to the student of the military art. I have a far differ- 
ent and a far higher object now. I wish to point out to you 
that (Jraxt and Lke, Meade and Johnston, Sherman and 
I>E A UREUARD, Thomas and Hood, Canby and Kirry Smith, Sher- 
idan and Longstreet, Scmofield and Hardee, difiered from 
each i)ther in many respects, in person, in habits, in ability, 
in tem|)erament, in aggressiveness. Each had his own char- 
acter, his (Mvn elements of strength and weakness, his own 
peculiarities, his own idiosyncrasies, but they were alike in 
certain important and essential qualities. They held ditfei'ent 
views as to their political duties and allegiance, but they were 
alike as to their military duties, and as to their use of author- 
ity. Neither of them ever disobeyed an order; neither of tliem 
ever wronged or oppressed a fellow man ; neither of them 
ever arbiti'arily abused or exceeded the authority with which 
he was entrusted ; neither of them ever betrayed the liber- 
ties of his countr}^ ; neither of them ever clierished a dis- 
honorable ambition or outraG^ed the law which he acknowl- 
edged for his government; neither of them ever exalted the 

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Army of the Cinnherlancl. 

military over the civil power; neither of them ever enriched 
himself by plunder or illicit trade ; neither of thein ever 
sullied his palm by an ill-gotten farthing. One and all tliey 
led jture lives a)id held that clear and I'ound dealing is the 
chief honor of man's nature; one and all they strove to so 
discharge their duties, and to live up to their liigli faith as 
soldiers, that when they came to die they might leave be- 
hind them untarnished names and a little of that true glory 
which is dear to every good soldier, every honorable man! 

And now, if you say what of it; now if you ask me if 
this is singular, I tell you that all the pages of history, all 
the annals of chivalry do not contain, for any four years of 
w;ir since the world began, so proud a chai>ter, or one so full 
of all that stands for the exaltation of man's nature, or the 
glory of the soldier's character ! Go tell your sons and 
daughters of it; go bid them study it and realize it, and 
base their ideas of true manhood and true citizenship upon 
it, for surely they can find no higlier or l)etter example for 
their guidance in the trials of their own lives or in the hour 
of their country's })eril ! Every nation has at least one 
heroic period, upon which it looks back with ])ride, and 
comfort and conlidence for the men upon whose cliarncter 
they bid their adolescent youths look for models. But thrice 
fortunate is our favored land, for within less than the lirst 
hundred years of its life it has had three heroic periods — 
that of Washington and Greene and Lee, that of Scott and 
Taylor and Worth and Wool, and that of Grant ami Meade 
and Sherman and Thomas ! 

And now having said so much for the great men that 
all Americans love to honor, may I not em})hasize the lesson 
I would teacli, and have you teach to your sons, l)y dwelling 
awhile upon the life and character of one who if not the 
most fortunate among them, was the most modest, the most 

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Annual Address. 51 

steadfast, tlie most deserving — " the iioljlest Koniau of tbem 
all ? " Keed I in tlic presence of his surviving Comrades give 
him fnrtlier name or description ? Ah! my fellow soldiers, 
I see that yon recognize his stalwart form, liis eagle eye, his 
calm and lofty demeanor, his imperial presence ! You 
know him by his heroic attributes, and so long as life lasts 
you can never forget him. [Cheers.] 

But bear witli me 3'et a while. He has not altogether 
escai)e(l envy, jeah)usy and misrepresentation, which are the 
unconscious tribute ignoble souls offer to those above them. 
His motives have been questioned, his actions have been im- 
pugned, even his lionors have been claimed by others, but in 
every case his assailants have been put to confusion and dis- 
cussion has served but to exalt liis character and intensify 
the admiration of his countrymen ! In no single instance 
did he feel called upon to break silence or to write a word 
in his own behalf, but calmly and serenely he stood upon his 
record confident that it would vindicate him in the end, and 
nobly has it justified his faith. His friends and Comrades 
throughout tbe land — those who knew him best — were swift 
to defend his good name, to ascertain the facts and to write 
them into history, till now lie stands s})otless and alone, 
while those wlio would have injured him deu}' their com- 
plicity or claim that they were entrapped into the work of 

Jjct us now take a closer look at the loi'ty figure we have 
been contemplating. Peerless as he is, George Henry 
Thomas [vociferous cheering and prolonged lapplause] did 
not come by chance to his exalted stature. He was the 
natural product of the family and race to wliich he belonged, 
of the times and institutions which nhaped him, of the edu- 
cation and training which he received, and of the oppor- 
tunities he enjoyed. He came of a good old A^irginian 


^rmy of the Citmherland. 

family, long pkiiited in the land, of a mingled Welsh-English 
and Huguenot strain, solid, self-reliant, self-respecting, hut 
neither rich nor aristocratic. His [»eople held slaves and 
plantations and their share of the smaller puhlic oihces, hut 
put on no airs. They were neither dough-i'aces nor tire-eaters^ 
but straight-forward, serious, virtuous men and women, who 
Avere subordinate to authority, and did their part modestly 
but thoroughly as far back as we get any account of them. 
Just liow or when they left the country of their origin, or 
reached the Old Dominion, can not be precisely stated nor 
does it matter much, but it must have heen in that troublous 
half century wdiich included the deposition of Charles I, the 
overthrow of the Commonwealth, the expulsion of James 11^ 
and the revocation of the Edict of Nantes. I say, it must 
have been, for the ([ualities which characterized the wise 
and thorough soldier were mainly inherited. They could 
have had tlieir origin only in the experiences and traditions 
of the Cromwellian times, and from ancestors who got their 
discipline and set on the one side from the Coiuh's, and on 
the other from tlie new model army — that wonderful body 
of tifty thousand men, organized by Cromwell himself, 
whicli for eighteen years, the entire |)eriod of its existence, 
never counted the numbers or race of tliose arrayed against 
it, and from one end of Great Britain to the other — from one 
end of Europe to the other — never once showed its back to 
the foe, and never once met an enemy it did not overcome. 
Such steadiness, such subordination, such serious pur})ose, 
such grim and unhesitating courage, and such coniidence in 
its leaders were never before or since found in an F.nglish 
army. Indeed, it was one of the best organized, best ad- 
ministered and most successful armies that ever existed, and 
nothing in history better illustrates the advantage of care- 
ful selection of the men, thorough organization, complete 

Annual Address. 53 

equipment, constant instruction, and rigid discipline than 
tlie story of this remarkable force, and its still more remark- 
able trium[)h over the equally gallant and more numerous, 
but less thoroughly oi'ganized, forces of the royalist party. 
May I not say, it was the archetype and exemplar, tlie ample 
justilication of all that is good in the military organizations 
of our race, and that the Fourteenth Cor[)S and the Army 
of the Cunibeiiaiid^ both of which owed more to Tiio.aias than 
to. any other man, resembled it more closely than any other 
corps or arni}^ ever organized on this continent? 

But whether Thomas owed to inheritance any tiling 
more than a strong mind, in a stalwart, robust l)ody — whether 
he was a Cromwcllian, Cavalier or Huguenot, is after all 
merely a matter of speculation, but when we come to his 
education and training, we come to solid ground. We know 
he derived fi'om the schools of his native county suthcient 
educati(^n to qualify him for admission to West Point, where 
he graduated with the honoi'able standing of twelfth in his 
elass of sixty-one members. He was assigned to and sei'ved 
in the artillery through tlie Mexican war with marked dis- 
tinction, winning in rapid succession the l>revcts of first lieu- 
tenant, captain and major for "conspicuous skill and gal- 
lantry," and for "gallant and meritorious conduct," and 
established for himself a solid reputation for patience, iirm- 
ness, fortitude, and daring intrepidity, as well as for highly 
scientitic and accurate attainments in his profession. His 
captain was Thomas W. Sherman, one of the best soldiers 
and sternest disciplinarians our army ever had in it. 

It is to be observed that Thomas was always a serious, 
industrious, practical [lerson. He learned to make saddles, 
harness, and shoes when a boy, and all through life was a 
close student of history, philosophy, and of the art and 
science of war. He came out of the Mexican campaign 

1 '' • ; ;••-' 


Army of the Cumherlancl. 

with a repatcition second to no man of his grade. From 
that time forward he was employed in all parts of the 
country, from Fort Yuma to Boston, and in all the duties 
which might fall to the lot of a subaltern. Jle was in turn 
quartermaster, commissary, engineer, recruiting officer, bat- 
tery commander, and, iinally, instructor of cavidry and 
artillery at West Point; thus ac(|uiring not only practical 
familiarity with all the duties of an officer's life, but also the 
highest theoretical and scientiiic knowledge of his profession. 
He was never a man of idle or protligate habits. He wasted 
no time in riotous living. Tie passed tlirough all the ti'ials 
and exposure of a militai-y life without ever taking on a 
single military or social viee. lie was far from being \\\\ 
ascetic or a prig, but he grew steadily in character and in- 
tellect and in the a|)preciation of those around and above 
him, and it is no dist)aragement of him if I add, he was not 
unconscious of it. 

AVhen the two regiments of cavalry were added to the 
regular army in 1855, and Jkffkrson Davis, then Secretary 
of War, selected the officers for them, he put Sumner, Joe 
Johnston, Fmory, and Sedgwick in as field otlicers of the 
first; Albert Sidney Johnston, Lee, Hardee, and Thomas as 
the field othcers of the second. The ca|)tiiins and lieuten- 
ants were selected with the same care, and were the pick 
and flower of the army. It is safe to say that no two regi- 
ments in our army, or in any other army, for that matter, 
ever had so many fine — may I not pro[)erly say, so many 
great — officers in them? Each of the field ofhcers afterward 
came to command a corps or an independent army, and all 
rose to the highest distinction. In following and conti-ast- 
ing their subsequent careers, it is abundantly nnmifest that 
in all that constitutes moral and intellectual worth and true 

Annual Address. 


greatness, Thomas was ^ the ])eer of the highest, if not the 
ver}^ tirst amongst them alL 

To say that, in tlie dark and uncertain days that marked 
the ch>se of Buchanan's administration, before the steadying 
hand of Lincoln was placed upon the liehii of state, Thomas 
was not in doubt as to his own future or as to wliat would 
become of him, would be misleading and untrue. It would 
be as absurd as to say tliat a strong man, seeing the ship on 
which he was embarked going headlong on the rocks of a 
lee shore, would not look about him to iind some plank or 
spar upon which he would try to save the lives of himself 
and family. There is not one scintilla of evidence beyond 
that, nothing whatever, to show that he ever sought or 
thought of a place outside of the army, except in the con- 
tin£]^ency of both army and o'overnmeiit ij:oin<2: to wreck and 
ruin — nothing whatever to show that he ever for one mo- 
ment tliought of forswearing his allegiance to the Constitu- 
tion and Union, or otfering his sword to the Confederacy, or 
even to his native state. As you all know, he was a 
tlioughtful and deliberate man, and never chose his path by 
chance, even in regard to trivial matters. It was as impossi- 
ble for him to do so in matters ot pith and moment as for 
the earth to forsake its true, iixed, and destined course 
around tlie sun ! 

And so, when our great captain, the immortal Lincoln, 
took his post and got his bearings, and acce|)ted the appeal 
to the God of battles, in all the host vvdiich came to liis sup- 
})ort, tliere was not one more willing, more steadfast, move 
courageous, or more loyal than Thomas, the pure-hearted, 
high-souled Virginian ! The sophistr}^ of states-rights, the 
appeal of sectionalism, the claim of personal interest, the 
intercession of tlu; politicians, the demands of family ties, 
were alike i)owerless to confuse his mind, or to deflect him 


Army of the Cumberland. 

so iiiuch as a hair's breadtli from liis soleniu duty to bear 
true faith and allegiance to the Constitution of the United 
States, and to protect and defend them from all their enemies 
and opposers whatsoever. 

I have no word to say liere against the great al)ilities 
and the ahnost transcendent leadersliip of Kobeut E. Lee, 
also a Virginian of knightly lineage, but I can not forbear 
pointing out that he too had taken that solemn oath of alle- 
giance time and again — more frequently because he had re- 
ceived more commissions than Thomas. lie had been Su- 
perintendent of the Academy at West Point, where they 
have always taught the young men sent there for their 
education that the oath of allegiance not only binds them 
fast to the jS'ational Government, but acts as an abjuration of 
allegiance to all other states, powers and principalities. 
Nothing could be plainer or more comprehensive than the 
language of that oath ; and 1 venture to express the belief that 
never for one day in his life did Kobert E. Lee iind sophistry 
01" casuistry or leiral arixument sti'onii; enouf]:h to justify or 
satisfy him down in the innermost recesses of his soul that 
lie was right in throwing u\) his commission in the army, i\)V 
which he had been educated, and arraying himself with those 
Avho sought to overthrow the Union and subvert its Consti- 
tution, that sacred instrument of government which he too 
had sworn time and again to defend from all its enemies and 
op[>osers whatsoever ! 

Kest assured, my Comrades, the great Confederate leader 
had his Nemesis — a reproving conscience — '' which doth make 
cowards of us all;" and I can not for one instant doubt that 
that high moralist and great soldier, both of which he was, 
would have felt himself a higher moralist and a greater 
soldier, and would in fact have been a stronger and gi-eater 
soldier, if he had never forsworn his allegiance, but had held 



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Annual Address. 


right on to the end, side by side with Thomas, uphokliiig the 
starry Hag and " keeping step to tlie niusic of tlie Union ! " 

Here it is proper forme to remind you that Thomas never 
left the army for an hour, like Grant, Sherman, McClellan, 
BuRNSiDE, and Stonewall Jackson, '^ to taste tlie oil of 
experience and the vinegar of a checkered career." lie 
scarcely took leave of absence, but wedded to the profession 
of arms as his " principal honor, study and occu[)ation," he 
grew in wisdom and strength and character as he grew in 
years — and when the hour of trial came, was found at his 
post fully prepared and ready for the high destiny which 
awaited him. It is true, that he was doubted and distrusted 
and, perliaps, misrepresented at iirst because he was a Vir- 
ginian and a Southerner, but thanks to Lincoln, who never 
long did any man injustice, and thanks to his own modest, 
but resolute, performance of duty, he was made colonel, and 
soon afterward brigadier-general, and finally major-general, 
and in all these grades his deeds are a |)art of your imperish- 
able records. Transferred to Kentucky, he was first to win 
a Union victory; and Mill Spring, which came sliortly after 
the ignominy of Bull Run, lifted the country from doubt and 
depression and ins[)ired it with hope, if !iot with enthusiasm. 
The glory of this victor}^ was, however, soon eclipsed by the 
greater glory of Fort Henry and Fort Donelson and the 
ca[)ture of an entire rebel army. It brought Grant at once 
into national prominence, shifted the center of interest to an- 
other and a more advanced theater of operations, and left 
BuELL and Thomas for a while to phiy a secondary part. 
Tlie forces of Buell \vere soon welded into the Army of the 
Cumberland, while those of Grant became the Army of the 
Tennessee. These two mighty organizations were thence- 
forth destined to co-operate closely with each other till the 
end of the war, and they became rivals and competitors in 


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^rmy of the Cumberland. 

gloiy. Altliough often separated by long distances, they 
supplemented and supported each other in all their great 
campaigns. Each, also, upon more than one occasion, as- 
sisted the other in battle, and each claims to have saved the 
other from defeat or destruction. The Aiiiiy of the Cvrnbcr- 
land points with pride and confidence to the surprise of 
Shiloh and the siege of ('orinth; the Army of the Tennessee 
to the siege of Chattanooga and the magnificent victory of 
Missionary llidge as the sufficient vindication of its chiims. 

It is not my i)urpose here to weigh the evidence and de- 
cide upon the merits of these honorable contentions. AVluit 
I wish to point out at this time is that those armies, not- 
withstanding their common dangers, their common toils and 
their common victories, were never altogether friendly with 
each otlier. They diffei'cd essentially in the perfection of 
their organization, of their discipline and of tlieir administra- 
tion, and this difference had its origin primarily in the 
difference of the character of their commanders. 

It will not he forgotten that shortly after their junction 
on the field of Shiloh, where Grant an(] Thomas met for the 
first time during the war. Grant w^as [practically relieved of 
actual command by IIalleck the generalissimo, and was nom- 
inally announced as second in command of the combined ar- 
mies, while his divisions were added to that of Thomas, thus 
giving the latter actual authority over about half of the 
mighty coluniu. Grant, who was really in disgrace, was 
constantly ignored and snubbed, and of course felt deeply 
wronged and humiliated. His only friend was Siikrman, 
who discouraged him from resigning and assured him that 
time would make all things right for him. Thomas was in 
no way to blame, but having been singled out 1)}' IIalleck 
as the recepient of marked favor and confidence l)ecame 
thus innocently and unconsciously the instrument of in- 




Annual Address. 


justice if not the object of jealousy and suspicion. There 
was no rupture between liim and Grant then or afterward, 
but equally there was no rapprochement. They treated each 
other with dio^nified reserve throu^diout that cami)aif>:n and 
never became intimate or confidential with each other. It is 
but proper to say again, those two remarkable men differed 
in person, in liabit, in idiosyncrasy, in ability, in professional 
attainment, in moral wortli and in character, almost as much 
as any two men on either side — and it is perhaps not too 
much to add that Thomas did not regard himself as tlie in- 
ferior of his more fortunate rival in respect to any of these 
qualities. . 

And who can blame him if, looking back over their past 
lives, he should have said to himself then or afterwai'd, as 
when actually superseded *in chief command by Grant at 
Chattanooga: ''I graduated higher than this man, went 
into a higher branch of the service, gained greater distinction, 
won more brevets, led a more studious and creditable life, 
am a better soldier, a more rigid disci[>linarian and a more 
successful organizer, and I am at least his equal in desei'ts 
and success as a general. If he captui-ed Fort Henry 
and Fort Donelson, I won the battle of Mill Springs, and 
helped to save his army afterwai'd at Shiloh. If he ca[ttured 
A'^icksburg, I won the battle of Cliickamauga and saved 
Chattanooga." Far be it from me to intimate that he ever 
did say this to any human Ijeing. I only suggest that he 
may have felt it, and if he did feel it, who can blame him for 
it? Who can blame him if he went even further in his I'e- 
fiections and said to himself: "I did not need this man's 
supervision. I not only hehl Chattanooga foi- him, but, with 
the Army of the Cu)/d)erla}id, I was mainly instrumental in 
winning the battle of Missionary Ividge?" Wlio can blame 
him if still later, witli heightening indio:nation, he said to 

) 'iiJ . '.:J(_. " 

•;■; '/ -('I , i" V'' 

\ ,1 '■ 

? 1... 

:•. Mi. 
I- on;- 


Army of the Ciunherland. 

himself: "For that matter, I did not need SiieRxMAn's super- 
vision either. I held my own and did my part thronghout 
the Atlanta campaign, and afterward I'urnislied forth tlie 
holiday march to the sea, with tlie bulk of my seasoned 
veterans, and the pick and choice of my transportation, while 
I was sent back to Nashville to organize an army from the 
scattered detachments of three dei)artments with wliich to 
nnike head against the oncoming and valiant host that for 
six months had withstood the onset of a hundred thousand 

Who can blame liim if he finally grew impatient at the 
repeated outcries which came from tlie hcadquai'ters of the 
armies in tlie East, while, with watchful and incessant care, 
^\'ith due delil)eration and im[»erturbable coolness, with tlie 
consummate art of a master, he stayed the progress of the 
invader, gathered in his detachments, and, while marching 
and iigliting, welded them around the Fourth Corps, and 
the handful of cavalry which hap[)ily they had left him, 
into an invincible army? He knew tlie tierce, aggressive 
temper of liis adversary, he knew the necessity of thorough 
pre[)aration, and of a coherent force to resist him. lie 
knew tliat Sherman had marched out of the real theater 
of war, and that the Confederate leaders, availing themselves 
of this great opportunity, Avere making their last des|)erate 
adventure toward jSTashville; that the Army of the Potomac 
) was lying supinely in its comfortable camps ; that the eyes 
of the country were upon him, and above all he knew he 
must make no mistake, must snfier no defeat, but when the 
iinal conilict came, must win a decisive victory not only for 
his own sake, and for the great interests with which he was 
charged, but to save those who had left him Ijcliind from 
■ everlasting disgrace. 

Who can blame him if in the midst of all liis labors, and 



'.'.■.■ r 

Annual Address. 


after be liad with consummate skill concentrated bis forces 
at the great strates^ic center of bis tbeater of operations, or- 
ganized bis army, remounted his cavalry, and completed bis 
arrangements all within an incredibly short time, to strike 
a fatal blow, and was delayed from striking it only by the 
hand of Pi'ovidence — by the rains, the inclement blasts and 
frosts, whicli covered the country witb a glare of ice over 
wliicb it was im[)Ossible to move with safety, or to light 
^vith success, be cried out after the meeting witb liis corps 
commanders on the memorable lOtb of December, for the 
first tin^e in all his honorable life, with indignation which 
he would have been base to conceal : '' Wilson, they treat 
me as though I were a boy ! They do not seem to think in 
Washington that I know enough to phin a cam{)aign or to 
light a battle. Xow, if they will let me alone, Fll show them 
what we can do. You know that we sliall win this battle 
and that we shall light as soon as it is possible I " J shall 
never forget liis Hashing eye, tlie firm set of bis jaw, the 
gi'im determination of bis countenance or tlie majestic atti- 
tude of his person, when he uttered those impi-essive words. 
Tbemistocles, the Athenian liero, could not have appeared 
more Godlike when he decbired : '' I know not how to play 
the lute, but I know how to make a small state great and 
powerful." It was as though our beloved leader had said in 
terms : " I know not how to dissemble or to olfer excuses, I 
know not bow to com[)lain — l)ut I know how to weld recruits^ 
hospital men, quartermaster's em[)loyes, and scattered de- 
tachments into an army, and to make that army invincible!" 

Time will not permit me to enlarge upon the incidents 
of that extraordinary campaign, nor upon the battle and 
pursuit wliicb followecL They have been fully set forth in 
history; all the obscure points have been made clear, all the 
disiiutes liave been settled, and it is but the simple truth to 

J, J 



Army of the Cumberland. 

add, that Thomas stands before all the world to-day, not 
only nntouched hy false claims and misrepresentations, by 
calumny and detraction, but as tlie stainless g-entlenian, the 
ideal soldier, the peerless general of the great civil war ! 

While he was habitually as calm, deliberate, and im- 
passive as an Indian chieftain before others, he had his 
feelings for all that, and was a proud, sensitive, honorable 
man, who scorned to plead his own cause or to "crook the 
pregnant hinges of the knee that thrift might follow fawn- 
ing." iSTotliing better illustrates tlie depth or intensity of 
his feelings than the sequel to the passionate outhurst I have 
just related, which came on the night of the IGtli of Decem- 
ber, after the victory was gained and the enemy was in full 
retreat. It was dark as Erebus — so dark, indeed, that one 
could scarcely see his horse's ears. The cavalry was thun- 
dering upon the heels of the enemy; the clashing of sabers, 
the rattle of musket and ])istol shot, "the noise of the 
captains and the shouting," made that night hideous, and 
in the midst of it all I heard the })onderous gallop of a 
heavy horseman on the turnpike close behind, and then a 
•great shape loon^ed up out of the daidv alongside of nie. 
Instinctively I divined that it was Thomas, with whom I had 
parted less than two hours before, ordering Schofield to ad- 
vance. Instinctively I guessed who and what were coming, 
and yet all doubt was instantly dispelled by the exultant 
voice of the great leader shouting in my ear: "Is that you, 
Wilson? Dang it to hell, didn't I tell you we could lick 
'em? Didn't I tell you we should lick 'em?" And before I 
could reply, "You are right. General, we 've done it," the 
big horseman had turned about and was galloping back 
througli the darkness toward Nashville! 

Never was a great man more splendidly vindicated than 
was Thomas by the campaign and battle of Nashville, by the 

il ^ ;*' 


Annual Address. 63 

pursuit which followed, and by the c^reat events for which 
they prepared the way. Never was the use of cavahy better 
ilhistrated. Never was tlie advantage of complete prepara- 
tion more fully demonstrated. Never did the professional 
soldier, who knew his business and would have all things 
right, more signally triumph over impatient and unnecessary 
supervision. And yet that splendid army wiis shortly after- 
ward broken up, and its peerless organizer left almost with- 
out a command. Withal, they could not belittle him nor 
disturh the faith of his Comrades in him. His character 
stood four-square and unshaken to all the visitations of fate. 
Others received the great rewards of victor}' ; others received 
tlie high commands; others received the new rank of lieu- 
tenant-general, and of general; others received political 
ofhce and presents of money; others received donations of 
liouses and lots from their grateful countrymen. Qui* great 
ca})tain was not without his ambition, and it is no dis[)arage- 
ment of him to say, when he saw himself overslauglied by 
his inferiors, his proud soul was wounded to the cpiick, and 
yet he kept silent, except to those who were closest to him. 
True it is, that the legislature of Tennessee gave him a gold 
medal for his successful defense of theii" capital, but when 
they hesitated later about hanging his portrait in their gal- 
lery of worthies, he woukl have sent their medal indig- 
nantly back to them, but for the reparation they made haste 
to tender liim. Still later, his admiring friends offei'cd him 
also a house completely furnished, and although he was a 
poor man, and had surrendered his })atrimony to his 
Southern relations, he gently l)ut tirmly declined. Again, 
lie was like the Athenian hero, who, after destroying the 
Persian fleet at Salamis, crossing the strand thickly strewn 
with the gorgeous armor, trappings, and jewels of the Per- 
sian warriors, was asked by his officers to help himself to 




V (I '■ ' 


Army of the Ciiniheidand. 

the rich spoils of victor}'. " ISTo !" loftily replied the con- 
queror. "You may take these tliinfi;s, for you are not 
TiiEMiSTOCLES !" [Applausc.] 

This is not the time nor the occasion for further details, 
nor may I longer delay you to compare and contrast our 
hero with his contemporaries, and still less may I do so to 
compare him with the great captains of history. Others 
may do that. And yet I may sum it all \\\) hy saying that 
he is worthy of all honor, worthy of yonr liighest admira- 
tion, worthy of his counti*ymen's most grateful recollection. 
He was a great artillerist, a great ca\'alryman, a great in- 
fantryman, a great organizer, a great leader, and a great 

general : 

" Patient in toil, serene amidst alarms, 

Tnliexihle in faith, invineibk' in arms!" 

And to a meeting of his surviving Comrades what more 
need to he said? We wiio knew him face to face, realize 
how im[>ossihle it is to do him justice without making oth- 
ers ap})ear small, and that we should not do. We who have 
yet a little s])an of life left had hettcr hclittle ourselves than 
• to hclittle those who liave gchic hcforc us. And so, my 
Comrades, I know your liearts will go out with mine to 
them one and all — to Grant and Siiekman, and Meadl: and 
Sheridan and Thomas, in the pi'ofoundest admiration and 
respect. They have fought the good fight, each according 
to his liglit doing his -Vi^^vy best. 

" >[o further seek their merits to disclose!" Tliey are 
at peace with each other, with their great antagonists and 
with God : 

"The stars look down upon their calm repose 
As once on tented field, on battle eve ; 
No clash of arms, sad lieralder of woes, 
Now rudely breaks the sleep God's peace enfolds. 



5 ^:.;V1 .H 

Burgoo and Camp Fire. 


" Their silence speaks and tells of honor, truth ; 
Of faithful service — generous victory — 
A nation saved ! For them a people weep— 
Clasp hands again, througli tears; our leaders sleep! " 

Good night. 

General Wilson's address was warmly applauded 
tliroui^^hout. At its close the Cincinnati band rendered the 
" Star Spangled Banner." 

The selection by the Columbus Republican Glee Club 
which followed was loudly encored, to which they made re- 
sponse by singing " Tlie Soldier's Farewell," during the ren- 
dition of which a large painting, representing a soldier 
bidding farewell to his sweetheart, was brought to the front 
of the platform and unveiled, amidst vocifer(jus applause of 
the audience. 

The evening exercises closed with music by the Seven- 
teenth Ivegiment Band, and '' Ta[)S." 



TJiursclaij Afternoon, September ^3. 

The outdoor camp fire at Olentangy Park was presided 
over by Governoh Busiinell, who welcomed the large gath- 
ering : 

Mr. President, Members of the Army of the Cumberland and of the 
Union Vetera)i Legion, Ladies and Gentlemen, and my Comrades all — 
One of the pleasantest duties that come to me as the representative of 

'■■ i'c >'. <titi.\ ';'' .I.J :> 


Army of the Cumberland. 

the people of the state is that of welcoming the good people who come 
to us, and especially those of my Comrades in the late war. I am 
pleased to be at this magnificent gathering of the old soldiers, and of 
tlie loyal people of this and other states who are visiting Columbus. 
1 want first to make an apology for not being here to greet and wel- 
come you last night. Another engagement prevented; and as I could 
not be in two places at once, I was obliged to put it off and give my 
greeting this afternoon. ]\Iy honor to-day is that of the "trumpeter" 
of this meeting; to tell you simply wliat is to take j)lace, and to intro- 
duce tlie distinguished gentlemen wiio will address you. But permit 
nie to take time enougli to tell you of my regard for these grand old 
soldiers, and to remind all of the obligation we are under for what 
they did for the country thirty-three years ago. While we honor 
these distinguished generals, we do not forget the })rivate soldiers. 
Yet you could have done nothing without leaders; you could iiave 
accomplished nothing in the field without these competent men to 
direct you. We honor them and honor you, and bid you all welcome. 
I know that you will agree that you have had a cordial welcouie, and 
that a hospitality has been extended which hns not been exceeded at 
any other ))lace where you have held your Reunion. 

When a boy, I used to hear an old song, the close of which was, 
as I remeniber it, " Uncle Sam is rich enough to give us all a farm." 
I do not know whether he is rich enough to give us all farms, but I 
do know and believe that he is rich enougii to give all ex-soldiers a 
])ension. [Ap{)lause.] I should like to know why every man who 
served in the army of the Union fi-om 'Gl to 'Go, and who has an 
honorable discharge, should not receive as a recognition of his services 
a pension from the Government. All the old soldiers of the war with 
Mexico receive a pension — why not the members of this great army 
of '61 to '05? And I believe the day is not far distant when each one 
will receive a pension from this Government. W I thought such a 
process would reduce the ])ension of any old veteran who is now 
drawing one, I would not advocate it; but I know that each man who 
was in the army could l)e paid a pension without taking one cent from 
the boys who are enjoying a pension from the Government now. It 


' Burgoo and Camp Fire. G7 

is easy enough to arrange that without additional expense, and I trust 
the matter will be arranged before — I was going to say many days — but 
I will say many years. I would be glad to know that each of you can 
draw a pension, the amount of which has been determined by your 
service and by your disability. [Applause.] 

Now, my good friends, we are to listen to some of the distin- 
guished men who are our visitors, and others from our own state, 
wliom I know you will be pleased to hear. The first will be the 
Senior Vice-president of the Army of tlie Cumberland, General 
Stanley. I now take great plesure in presenting hiuL [Applause.] 

General Stanley : Members of the Army of the Cumberland, 
Governor, Comrades — I did not come here to-day to make a speech. 
To get down to the reason why I came here, it was primarily to eat 

I merely wish to say that I know there are a number of speech- 
makers here who are just anxious to get up here and address you. I. 
will simply say that I have met dozens and dozens of old soldiers here 
whom I had not seen before since 'G5. It gives me great pleasure to 
meet these men and see evidence of their still having years of life to 
come, and moreover to know and feel the extraordinary patriotism of 
these men, which will surely be transmitted to their children, to their 
neighbors and to the whole neighborhood, and thus to the nation. 
This is a thing which every body knows we w^ant a revival in, love of 
country. We have a very mixed peo{)le, men coming from foreign 
countries, and these lessons have got to be brought up to theuL 
Things of this sort go to promote patriotism, whicii ought to be dear 
to every man who fought in the war, and to every man who has respect 
for the cause and the men who fought in that cause. 

Governor Bushnell: If General John P. Donahoe, Com- 
mander of the Union Veteran Legion, is in the audience, I would like 
to have him step to the platform. General Donahoe, are you 
here? [Laughter.] General Stanley spoke about coming here to 
go to the refreshment table in the ball park to eat burgoo. I had 

)i\H "^ f'-^ !'■;l^^•'! 


.J J < 

Army of tlie Cumberland. 

that pleasure myself for the first time in my life to-day, and while it 
was very good, I thought I had better observe what the doctor told his 
})atient iu the hospital at Beverley when I was there. The patient had 
been sick of a fever for some time and was convalescent. When tlie 
doctor came along, the patient said to him, " Doctor, will it hurt me 
to eat mince pie?" " Well," he replied, "it won't hurt you if you 
don't eat it." But I can say for the gentleman who prepared the 
burgoo that it is as fine an article of the kind as I ever tasted, and if 
there are any of you boys who have not had your cupful, I would 
advise you to go over after the meeting adjourns and try it. As 
General Donaiioe is not here, w^e will pass to the other gentlemen 
who are to speak, with the hope that that gentleman will make his ap- 
pearance after he gets through his feast in the ball park. I have the 
Jionor of introducing to you the Secretary of the Society of tlie Army of 
the Cumberland, and Chairman of the Chickamauga Commission, 
General H. V. Boynton, of Washington City. [Applause.] 

General Boynton : Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen of 
Columbus — Ordinarily it is a matter of great embarrassment to me 
to have placed upon me the duty of speaking to a company ; but I 
have been deputed, as an oflicer of the Society of the Army of the Cum- 
berland, to thank those who have prepared this ovation for us, and for the 
Union Veteran Legion and for the other military societies gathered here, 
and come with immense satisfaction to the discharge of that duty. 
We accept our modicum of this attention, and I desire to say, as one of 
the Secretaries of our Society, that, in all my experience, I never have 
known of such early action iu preparing for a Society Beunion — begin- 
ning as this did last winter — such constant effort, and vigorous attention, 
as has been given to this matter by the Chairman of the Local Commit- 
tee, Major Goodspeed, and by the Chairman of the Finance Commit- 
tee, Hon. R. i\I. RowND, and by Captain Cook, its Secretary. From 
the first, all the numerous and influential sub-comniittees have been at 
work. In my recollection, we have never been received in any city or 
state with more cordiality, with a greater exhibition of welcome on the 
part of all the citizens, to a more satisfactory and successful Reunion 

»fu- '' ^;' 

I ''j^'' -n '• 

Burgoo and Camp Fire. 


and recej)tion than we have received in this good State of Ohio, and in 
its capital city of Columbus. 

We of the Army of the Cumberland — and if you heard those strik- 
ing remarks of General Wilson's last night, you will know what in 
our egotism we think of that honored Army of the Cumberland, while 
we pay all deference and all honor to the other great armies that with 
us accomplished the salvation and freedom of this country. We of the 
Army of the Cumberland love the flags of Ohio. They floated on the 
iVont of every battle, and they remained on the front of every battle 
line from JMiU Springs to Appomattox, from Atlanta to Bentonville, 
from Atlanta to Nashville. Tliey streamed successfidly along the 
front of tliat magnificent cavalry invasion of the South under Gen- 
eral James H. Wilson — one of the most striking and effective cavalry 
movements of all history — directed, as you know, against permanent 
fortifications. Think of that success — directed against permanent 
i(jrtifications of city after city — down to the capture of the President 
of the Confederacy! I^ut we do not forget the citizens who fly these 
Hags today. We think with satisfaction of those who carried them 
in war for you, and thinking l)ackward, if I may be allowed such ex- 
pression, we understand aftei' our paraile to-day, when thousands upon 
thousands — school children from the infant class, gray-haired men and 
women, those whose sons went forth to battle — too many of them not 
to return — the children and grandchildren of those who bore those 
flags, turne<l out to greet this Union Veteran Leyion and Army of the 
CumberhDul — and thinking backward, we understand why the fhigs of 
Ohio stood firm in action. You can safely reason backward from such en- 
thusiastic patriotism as you have been kind enough to show us to-day. 
It is due to the ancestors (jf many of you who boi'e those flags in battle. 
Your jjatriotism has come down from them, and theirs was sufficient 
to carry them always to victory or death. We of the Army of the 
Cumberland do not forget that this is the state of Grant and SiiEti- 
MAN and ]\rcPiiERSON, and many others of that splendid Army of the 
Mis^i.^^ippi and of the Tennessee. We do not forget their magnificent 
deeds on the field of battle. It would require more time than all the 
orators could take if they had days, to set forth the valor, the success, 

k/ . 

^ i!/. ■*? 

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-.;H!» ^ 

''■• -^Ji!.' 

1 •! 




Army of the Cumberland. 

the honor that belongs to those names. And so we of tlie Army of the 
Cumherland stand here to-day with you to honor the army of Grant 
and the array of Sherman and the army of McPherson, and we 
feel great satisf\\ction, my friends, that we have with us here the 
Corresponding Secretary of the Society of the Army of the Tennessee. 
He is present as our guest. He represents that army in his official 
capacity, and it is pleasant to have him here, and to find him sitting 
by the side of a classmate of mine at college, who was one of General 
Siip:rman's best loved, best trusted, and most brilliant officers, 
your own fellow citizen. General Charles C. Walcutt. [Ap- 
plause.] If I had time I could tell much of him and his deeds, but I 
will not detain you for such a purpose, greatly as it would gratify tiie 
to repeat to his fellow citizens what I know of his achievements on the 
field of battle; but there is a gentlenian herefrom General Wal- 
cutt's Army of the Tennes^^ee who I ho[)e will say a few words to you, 
and I am glad to greet him, as I have no doubt you will be. [Ap- 

Governor Bushnell: We have been greatly favored by hear- 
ing from two generals who have spoken to you, and it is but fair to 
hear frotn a colonel or two. 

We will now have the opportunity to listen to one of the offi- 
cers of the Society of the Army of the Tennessee, Colonel Cadle, of 
■ Cincinnati. 

Colonel Cable : Governor lUisJineU, Ladies and Gentlemen — 
The Army of the Tennessee was always ready to help the Army of the 
Cumherland, and the Army of the Cumberland was always prompt in 
coming to the aid of the Army of the Tennessee. 

There was but one army — the "Army of the Union." 

The Cumherland, the Potomac, the Tennessee and the others, 
moved together in one line under our hero, Grant, and to-day a 
united country is the result. 

The Army of the Tennessee, when needed to extend the line of 
the Army of the Cumherland, had always a few hours' notice, but my 
first notice, as one of the Army of the Ten)iessee, a guest to-day of the 

f 'V 

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Burgoo and Camp Fire. 71 

Army of the Cumberland, is Governor Bushnell's very compliment- 
ary call upon me. 

I had supposed until this moment that I alone had the great 
honor of representing the Army of the Tennessee, but upon the plat- 
form, near me and supporting me, are those gallant soldiers. General 
James H. Wilson, General C. C. Walcutt, who served in the 
Army of the Tennessee, and in the other armies too. To be here with 
these two gentlemen, with whom I had the honor of being often in 
line of battle as a subordinate officer — only an adjutant-general — is a 
great pleasure ; but it is a greater pleasure to have had my friend. 
General Boynton, invite, and order me to-day, to the front of the 
line of the Army of the Cumberland. 

It is now a line of peace, a line witliout the shot and shell that 
we all remember in the years long ago. 

There will be for us no more shot nor shell, but may there be 
many such pleasant occasions as this, before we are " mustered out." 

Governor Busiinell: Colonel Cadle has told you that the 
Aiiny of the Tennessee was always ready to help the Army of the Cum- 
berland, and that the Army of the Cumberland always came to the as- 
sistance of the Army of tlie Tennessee. That is as much as brothers 
could do, Tiie two armies accomplished great things. But they did 
not give to the Union a state, as the Army of West Virginia did. 
[Applause.] For West Virginia was the gift of Ohio to the Union. 
Generals Rosecrans and IMcClellan, and all these men who went 
into West Virginia, forced the Confederates back out of the territory 
and held it ; and two years before the close of the war West Virginia 
was admitted as a state to the Union. We admire the Army of the 
Cumberland and the Army of the Tennessee, but we also admire the 
Army of West Virginia. Now, as I promised you should hear from a 
couple of colonels, I am going to introduce another who comes from 
the magnificent state of Pennsylvania. She helped to hold these 
states in the Union and slie has helped in a great many ways since. I 
have the honor and pleasure now of introducing Colonel Archibald 
Biakeley, of Pittsburg, Pa. 



Army of the Curnherland. 

Colonel Blakeley was not present, and some one re- 
marked tliat it was the first time lie was ever known to run 
aA\'ay from duty. 

Governor Bushnell: They say that this is the first time 
Colonel Blakeley ever ran away from any responsibility, and I ven- 
ture to say that before this meeting is closed Colonel Bj.akeley will 
turn up and be ready to talk to you. In his absence, I will present 
to you that famous Tennesseean, who was once elected governor but 
never served, but who is now serving as United States Commissioner 
of Pensions — H. Clay Evans, of Tennessee. [Applause.] 

Upon his appearance, Hon. 11. Clay Evans was greeted 
with enthusiastic api>lause, and addressed the audience as 

Hon. H. Clay Evans: Comrades and FeUow-citizens — I will 
have to ask you to excuse me from making any extended remarks to- 
day. I have been confined to my bed since arriving in your city, and 
while I am not wholly unaccustomed to ])ublic speaking, I must con- 
fess to no little embarrassment in this presence, witli a military history 
so incons{)icuous as ndne, surrounded as I am by nien whose military 
service to this nation has been such as to make it the ])roudest boast 
of tliis grateful Ke}>ublic. At the beginning of the war, the late civil 
war, there were two necessities, men and money. AVith an empty 
treasury, a war demanding thousands of millions, there were men 
found and under the prondses that were ofi'ered by that great President 
of the United States, Abraham Lincoln, su})plemented by that great 
statesman from this state, the then Secretary of the Treasury, jNIr. 
Cil\se, thousands of millions were secured to carry on this great war. 
It was necessary to buy quartermaster stores, ordnance stores, and all 
the paraphernalia of war. There were j)ati'iotic men in tliis nation 
who accepted the promises then made and furnished the necessary 
money. I am not here to belittle the patriotism of the men who came 
forward then and furnished that money. They were patriots, and 


!..i. ! -a 

>t -I. •; Ji 

■;■> 1 .;•' . ' »-'■"■ 

Burgoo and Camp Fire. 


they were promised then by these men at the liead of tlie nation that 
upon the dawning of peace, and the return of prosperity, which was 
sure to follow, that it sliouhi be paid back in good, hard gold of the 
country. That promise was carried out, and I say to you, my fellow- 
citizens, to-day, that this is one of the proudest {)ages in the history of 
our country, that the promises of those great men were kept. 

Another promise went out. It was necessary to get men. 
The promise went out every-wdiere from the firing on Fort Su!nter 
until the surrender at Appomattox, in an appeal to you young 
men to come forward and save the nation — it went out from the press, 
from the pulpit, from speakers every-where. They promised these 
men of the nation who would go forward in battle, that they would 
take care of yovu widows if you fell in battle; that they would take 
care of your orphans ; that they should be provided for if maimed, and 
should have the best the country affords. That first contract I referred 
to, by which it was necessary to get the money, was made in the usual 
form and signed in the usual manner, with pen and ink. That second 
contract, my friends, was made on the field of battle, 'mid,>t the roar 
of cannon and the clash of musketry, and was signed l)y bayonets 
dipped in blood. [Applause.] 

I happen to occupy a position to-day, by the gift of this govern- 
ment, where I stand in a position to see that that contract is carried 
out by the defenders of this country. [A voice: We believe you 
will do it!] I shall endeavor to do my duty toward the soldiers of the 
Union who saved the nation. I shall do it within the limits of the 
law, but from a liberal standpoint! 

[A voice: How about the cheap money the soldiers were paid 

There is no difference made with the money of this country, 
whether greenback, a silver dollar, or a gold dollar. [Applause.] 
The creditors of the nation were then promised that every dollar of 
this money should be redeemed in gold, and that promise has been 
carried out. 


Army of tlie Curnherland. 



But, my friends, it has been said by partisans and by a great 
raany people who are opposed to pensions, that our government has 
been the most liberal toward its defenders of any government in the 
world ; the laws have been liberal, all the soldier asks and all he can 
ask. It is for me, as agent of the government, to carry out and ad- 
minister the laws as I find them. It has been said that spies have 
been sent out over the country to work against the interests of the 
soldiers. I say to you here and now, that under my administration I 
have no such things as spies ! 

It has been said that I have lately issued an order which delays 
the admitting of pensions from three months to three years. I say to 
you, fellow-citizens and Comrades, this is absolutely false from every 
standpoint. The order which I issued was one putting my office force 
four days in the week each week — Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday and 
Thursday — on original claims, Avhile Fridays and Saturdays are de- 
voted to claims for increase. Many of the soldiers never have had 
any consideration. Many of the soldiers live in remote districts and 
have pension attorneys who have never become experts, and their 
claims have been neglected. I have been endeavoring to give these 
men some attention. The first of this month there were 283,000 of 
such claims pending under the old law. iNIany of these are drawing 
pensions under the new law of '90, but the old law claim is pending. 
I have been endeavoring to work these up. Talk about delays — dur- 
ing May, June, July and August, since the reorganization of the force 
in that bureau, we have issued on an average of 5,460 claims each 
montii, as against an average of 3,400 per month for the preceding 
three years, under the same law and with the same force. I organized 
by putting a soldier at the head of each one of my divisions [Ap- 
plause], so I want you gentlemen to feel that you have friends at 
court. I have been endeavoring to organize my force to do business 
and carry out the law, and I have issued such orders as any gentleman 
would issue from tlie standpoint of business. 

I came here to meet you, gentlemen, to meet old acquaintances 
and to make new ones. I regret very much my indisposition, for I 
would like to talk to you longer. I feel to-day that I am in my official 

MV M- 

■» :,' ; ■ (I ■ 


Burgoo and Camp Fire. 75 

capacity occupying one of the most difficult and most dangerous posi- 
tions in the gift of the government [cries of "You're all right!"] — 
but I am going to do just what I think is right, within the limits of 
the law. 

I thank you very much for your kind attention. [Applause.] 

Governor Busiinell: I congratulate you that we have so good 
a Commissioner to look after your interests in Washington. But I 
beg you, Mr. Commisssoner, to hurry up with these claims as fast as 
you can. If you have not clerks enough in the office to do it, there 
are a lot of old veterans out here who would like to help you. We 
know there is a little civil service in the way. [Cries of "Do away 
with it!"] Oh no, we must not do away with it, for we are all in 
favor of it, as we understand it. I have had old veterans come to me 
witliin tlie last year, believing that I. could get some attention from 
the Commissioner of Pensions, and ask me to write to the Hon- 
orable Commissioner, saying tlieir claims had been in the office for five 
years and no report had been made. Therefore, Mr. Commissioner, I 
ask you to hurry them up as fast as you can. If you don't, some of 
these boys will not be able to receive any relief in this life. So, 
hurry it up. We are going to have money enough now to pay all the 
pensions and all the other expenses of the government. 

I can remember, a few years ago, when the people were anxious 
to know where General Wilson's force was. They knew his face 
was to the foe, and that he was just as near as they would allow him 
to get, and in the last campaign he captured 59,000 of those who were 
fighting against the government and the stars and stripes — that grand 
old fhig. Now, General Wilson is here, and I know you want to 
hear him, as you wanted to hear from him in '64 and '65. Sometimes, 
then, you could not hear any thing from him, for he was gone even 
beyond the newspaper reporter. I am gi-eatly pleased to introduce to 
you the brave and dashing cavalry general, James H. Wilson. [Ap- 

General Wilson: il/r. Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen, Com- 
rades of the Army of the Cumberland, Comrades of tJie Union Veteran 




Army of the Cicmherland. 

Jjegiou — lu speaking again before so large a crowd as this, I feel great 
difKdence, especially as 1 was but a sucking babe in the cavalry busi- 
ness when men who sit upon this platform had reached the full stand- 
ard of mature manhood and of professional excellency. It may not 
be knowu to you that the pi-esident of the day, General David 
Stanley, was a cavalryman almost before I was born, and a better 
cavalryman never drew saber or mounted a hoise. I remember when 
first I entered the Army of the United States, in the year 18()0, fresh 
from West Point, the wonder then of the service was that a man of 
the youthful vigor, the mere boyishness of General Thomas John 
Wood, should have reached the rank of colonel of regular cavalry at 
the age of forty-five. General Wood stands on this platform to-day, 
and is known to you, my Comrades, as an infantryman ; but he was 
a veteran cavalryman before he dreamed of the infantry. Why, 
Tiio^LAs John Wood was one of the few men who, at the outbi-eak 
of the rebellion, knew how to write an order and send a courier to 
caiTy it. I remember an instance of his careful attention to details. 
Wlien Buell's army reached Nashville, and the l)oys, fresh from 
home, had scarcely been organized a week, and hardly knew how " to 
form a straight line," the Fifty-eighth Indiana Infantiy was encamped 
at Edgefield JunctioiL General Wood, who commanded tlie di- 
vision, sent a courier to the colouel, directing him to march rapidly 
to Kdgefield, nine miles away. Now, he exercised one of the simplest 
little functions of a careful officer: on the back of the envelope, to the 
courier, a mounted man, as instructions to him, he said, " make five 
miles an hour." Well, but my story is not quite finished yet. The colonel 
to whom the order was delivered was so utterly green that he mistook 
the instructions to " nuike five miles an hour" to mean that he should 
march his men through to destination at the rate of five miles an hour. 
He did n't see how he couhi do it, but, like a true soldier, he " made 
a try for it." So he started, at double quick, well closed up, l)ut, by 
the time he got half way, his regiment was scattered along the turn- 
pike for five or six miles. The colonel said: "Boys, 1 know that the 
first })rinciple of military disci})line is to obey orders. I have ilone my 
level best, but God knows we can 't do it!" Well, Thomas John 

Burgoo and Camp Fire. 77 

Wood taught a little lesson then, and he will no doubt give you some 
reniiniscenecs hotore we get through. 

I ean not make myself heard over so vast an assembly — I spoke 
last night, and crave your indulgence. There were a great many in- 
teresting things occurred during the days wiiile we were trying to 
break the backbone of the wicked and unholy rebellion against the 
mildest and best form of government the world has ever seen. We 
had a great deal of trouble in breaking that backbone; it was stiff in 
})laces and pretty elastic in others. The boys in the ranks helped us 
do it, and it is to these men to whom my heart goes out. I know men 
who entered the service of the United States before they were old 
enough to be conscripted. Thiidv of such soldiers! The memoi'ies of 
their deeds teach our sons what patriotism means. 

" What of the men ?— 

The men were born in Northland, 

The yeomen, tlie bowmen, tlie lads from dale and fell ; 
Here's to you, and to you — to the hearts that are true, 
And to the land where the true hearts dwell ! " 

There were many funny and pleasant incidents in the held. I re- 
member one I told last night as a joke on Colonel Foksytiie. As 
he was going into the battle of Winchester, he met some infantrymen 
wiio did not have the same kind of an appetite for battle as the cav- 
alry, going to the rear at a very lively gait. Genep.al Foksytiie 
said to one, "Where are you going? Why don't you go to the 

"Now, Colonel, it is very j)lain to see that you have not been 
out there; if you had, you would know wdiy we are going to the rear. 
1 tell you what it is, Colonel, we are not scared, we are not cut up, 
we are not demoralized, but we h'aint got a confounded bit of confi- 
dence in our colonel." 

I deei)ly sympathize with that boy; I deeply sympathize with the 
boy who has no confidence in his colonel. He is in a pitiable condi- 
tion and no mistake. That is why I say that in a nation which means 
to be leady for war, there should be a class of men, as Lord Bacon 
says, whose duty it is to make the })rofession of arms their study, 




Army of the Cumberland. 

their chief honor and occupation. So, my friends, whenever it comes 
to you to clioose a coh^nel, be sure you get one who knows something 
about "the military business" — has sand, and carries it with him 
wherever he goes. 

Ladies. and gentlemen, I know you will excuse me; we want to 
hear from AVood, that fellow who gave the order to make five miles 
an hour, and the boys did their level best to do it. [Applause.] 

Governor Bushnkll: I am going to introduce to you a gen- 
tleman who is not a stranger to any of the Armij of the Cumberland, 
and who from the account just given you was one of the fastest gen- 
erals on record, 

1 have the pleasure of introducing to you General Thomas 
JoijN Wood. [Great applause.] 

General Wilson : Speaking of historical incidents. Fighting 
Joe Hooker, as he was called, was wounded between the hollow of 
his foot and the sole of his shoe, in 18G2, at the battle of Autietam, 
and was asked to get on the stretcher and go to the battle field, but 
his foot hurt him so much that he declined. Thomas John Wood 
had his heel knocked off at Jonesboro, and stayed every day with his 
comtuand during a six-months march and never went to the rear for 
an iiour! [Applause.] 

General Wood — Mr. Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen, and 
Comrades: — I thank you all for this cordial greeting. It quickens the 
pulsations of the heart of an old soldier to be received by his Comrades 
with appreciative cheers, and I thank you for it. I thank my Comrade, 
General Wilson, for his pretty notice, and will correct his first story 
a little bit. He did not get it exactly right, near enough for a cavalry- 
man, though. T did not say on the back of the cnvelo})e " make five 
miles an hour," but the usual phrase " trot," which was the order to 
the courier carrying it; but this raw colonel, as General Wilson 
told you, understood it to be an order to him. 80 when he started off 
with his regiment, he put them in quick time, and, as General Wil- 


Burgoo and Camp Fire. 79 

SON said, ran tliein down before he got to his destination, and he was 
called ever afterward in the army " Trot." 

[A voice: I have seen him going faster than that.] 
Now, Comrades, these meetings are sometimes held for the pur- 
pose of gaining knowledge, but that is not the strongest motive. Those 
who were in the forefront of battle togetiier like to meet together now 
and tlien " to spin long yarns of the deeds they have done." We some- 
times get a little " gassy," but that is pardonable, for we saved the na- 
tion from the greatest peril, and that is the proudest reflection that the 
human heart can pulsate to. It is no wonder we want to come to- 
gether to fight our battles over, and it is my wish that your days may 
be long on the earth, and that you be permitted to meet together again 
to interchange the greetings of old Comrades in arms. IMay you be 
spared long to do it. 

Now, you have been standing on your feet until I know you are 
tired— I even get tired in a chair. I am going to join my thanks to 
the one who })receded me — to my fellow-citizens of Columbus, for the 
cordial greeting given us. I thank you, members of the Union Vet- 
eran Legion, under whose auspices this meeting is held, and by whom 
we were kindly invited to come, with the assurance that I will be 
ready to greet you wherever I meet you. [Applause.] 

Govi:uNOR BusnNi:LL: We were told a while ago by some of 
his old Comrades, that this was the first time they ever knew Colonel 
Blakeley to run away, and I told you he would be here ready to re- 
si)ond before the meeting would be over. He explains now that he 
did not run away, but that some of these kind fellows ran away with 
liim. I am glad now to introduce him to you. 

Colonel Arciiii^ald Blakeley : Governor JiusJineU, Comrades, 
Ladies and Gentlemen — I did not know that I was expected to speak 
here to-day, and certainly had not intended to do so, and am, there- 
fore, unj)repared. Great governors, great senators, great generals, 
and great soldiers have preceded me in addressing you. 'I'hcn why 
should an orphan like my^^elf, away from my home in gi)od old ]*enn- 
sylvania, wliere modesty is tlie rule, undertake to speak to the acres 

■■W)'>'' .*?■ 


■ '.I'.i'j 



,.. Mir 


Army of the Cumberland. 

of people uow before me. The truth is, Governor Bushnell, hav- 
iug a geographical bent in my make-up, I came out to the park more 
to get its exact name than for any other purpose — Olen-ta-gy, Olen- 
tu-gy, or Avhatever you call it. By your uproarious laughter, I Hnd I 
have not got it right yet. 

It is an odd name, but I think we have odder ones in Pennsyl- 
vania. Let me see: we have Alleghany, INIonongahela, Youghio- 
gheny, Connoquenessing, Neshannock, Cowanshannock, Tionesta, 
Tidioute, Kittanning, Wopsononock, Sheshequin, Wapasening, Wya- 
lusing, Conemaugh, Loyal Hanna, Kiskiminilas, Sinnemahoning, 
Nesquelioning, Toughkenamen, Daquskahonda, Elulalin, Catasaucjua, 
Hokendauqu, Nescopeck, Shickshinny, WapwaHopen, Kishacoquilhis, 
Naomikines, Conshoshoken, Ogoniz, Chillisquaque, Quakake, PL)11- 
sopple, (^uemal)oning, Cowanesque, Punxsntawiiey — well, we will stop 
at Punxsutawney, and I will tell you a story al)out it, and that may 
start us on a speech. 

In the early days of the settlement of Western IVnnsylvania, 
Punxsutawney was a struggling lumber town on a small river of cool, 
clear water, abounding in fish, while the surrounding forests were 
crowded with game. One of the old-fashioned Methodist preachers 
of th.at day forced his way over mountains and rivers to the little 
town, to carry to them the Gospel of the Nazarene. He held re- 
ligious services fjr a time; his eloquence and power as a preacher and 
exhorter captured the town. On one occasion, when he had his au- 
dience worked up to a high pitch of excitement, he concluded to take 
a vote, and called for all who wanted to go to heaven, to stand up. 
All arose but a little bare-footed boy, who sat on a front bench chew- 
ing birch bark and swinging his bare feet and legs under the seat. 
The preacher then thought he would capture the urchin, and called 
for all who wanted to go to hell, to stand up. No one arose, and the 
boy kept on chewing, swinging, etc. When the good preacher, lean- 
ing forward and pointing his finger at liim, earnestly and impressively 
said to him, "My boy, don't you want to go either to heaven or 
hell?" The boy looked up at him and answered, " Naw." "Why 
not?" said the preacher. And the boy, chewing and swinging away 

Burgoo and Camp Fire. 


for dear life, looked up at him aud said, " Why, Punxsutawney is 
good euougli for me." 

In addition to whatever amusement there may be in the story, it 
gives me the opportunity to say, that in the McKinley presidential 
campaign, an Oliio man stole that story and applied it to nearly 
every town in which he spoke ; which was the more remarkable, 
as it was the first time an Ohio man was ever known to steal any 

However, there was an amusing sequel to the establisliment of 
the Methodist mission, which I must also tell you. 

Punxsutawney kept on growing, but mostly up and down the 
river bank. It was then that our staid and cautious old Presbyterian 
friends sent a missionary to the town, who, with commendable and 
true Christian delicacy, refused to establish a mission near the Metho- 
dist mission, but started one at the lower end of the town and one at 
the upper end of the town, aud served them alternately, evening and 
morning. So matters went on for some time, when he concluded to 
hold a service for the baptism of children, and made the announce- 
ment that on the following Sunday services would be held in the 
morning at the lower end of the town, and in the evening at the upper 
end, and that at these services children would be baptized at both 
ends ! The result was the indefinite suspension of infant baptism at 

And now I will come back to the thread of my discourse, if it 
has a thread, and I can find it. Yes, I have it. 

This is old soldiers' day, and we have several of them all bunched 
together here in this great city of Columbus, with its magnificent 
streets, its glorious history, its queenly women and kingly men, with 
open doors and every heart-throb beating a soldier's welcome. We 
are proud of you and will never forget your welcome. 

But what of this wonderful State of Ohio? Orator, poet, painter, 

and singer are alike unable to describe her wealth, her minerals, her 

forests, her rivers, her lakes, her farms, or her cities; aud when we 

come to her sons and her daughters, all stand mute in contemplating 



■ ■■.•■'■■■oiCt 

Army of the Cumberland. 

their transcendent achievements in peace and in war, in literature, art, 
science, and song. 

I well recollect the fall of 1863. The Army of the Ciunherlandy 
with which I served, was besieged on short rations, and some time on 
no rations, in Chattanooga. When your October election came off, it 
was telegraphed to us that the loyal, honest John Brough was 
elected governor of Ohio, over the copperhead Vallandigham, 
by a majority of one hundred thousand. [Applause.] You think 
you can yell; but as compared with the yell of the Ohio boys that 
night in Chattanooga, your yell is an indescribable and iniinitessiraal 

Soon afterward, the news was flashed down from Pennsylvania 
that Andrew G. Curtin for governor and Daniel Agnew for su- 
preme judge had carried the Stars and Stripes in a glorious victory 
from the Delaware to the Ohio. We had helped the Ohio boys yell, 
and then they turned in and helped us yell, and the whole besieged 
forces yelled together. Things had looked blue for us down there and 
dark clouds were over us, but these elections gave all new life and a 
belief in ultimate victory. 

Indeed, my friends, I saw men that night, strong men and good 
soldiers, laugh and cry by turns, and before I knew it, "I found I 
was doing the same thing myself. 

But I must come back to the thread of my discourse! 

]\Iy dear old Comrades, I am told that nearly all of us old soldiers 
are poor. I don't know how it is with you, but as to myself, I can 
give a certificate to the fact on the spot. 

Assume that we are poor in lands and tenements, goods and 
chattels, which count for worldly wealth, you and I have something 
of greater value than all these, something that the gold and the silver 
of the world can not buy, something that fire can not burn, frost can 
not freeze, thieves can not steal ; the constable can not levy on it and 
the sheriff can not sell it: it is the picture of our military life from 
muster-in to muster-out, and what we saw of the great war in which 
we participated. 

All love pictures, and you will find them in the lowly dwellings 

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Burgoo and Camp Fire. 

of the poor, in the humble home of the laborer, in the farm-house of 
the farmer, in the cabins of the Western pioneers, in the mansions of 
the rich, and in the palaces of kings and queens. 

Indeed, vast fortunes are sometimes spent for pictures, and the 
ignorant rich man or rich woman has oftentimes received mere daubs 
for an immense outlay. 

In Pennsylvania, where I live, many illiterate j)eople have been 
made suddenly rich by the discovery of oil or coal on their lands. 
One lady, whose husband had become suddenly wealthy, insisted on a 
trip to Europe, and her husband remonstrated. Having friends at 
dinner, she brought up the subject of the trip, "over the sea," as she 
called it, when one of the ladies asked her what in the world she 
wanted to go "over the sea" for^ anyhow; to which she answered, 
that slie wanted to have her picture painted by one of the "old 

That reminds me that an old friend of mine on Oil creek became 
a millionaire in a few months' time, and he concluded to send his 
daughter, Sally, sixteen years old, to a boarding-school. You know 
Ohio had been for a long time ahead of us in schools of that kind. 
So he had Sally iixed uj) for school, and brought her out here to a 
boarding-school up in a town on the lake shore, but for the life of me 
I can not now recall the name of it — strange I can't think of it. 
Governor, yon know the name of that little town up there where 
Mark Hanna lives? 

Governor Busiinell: Cleveland. 

Colonel Blakeley : Oh, yes, I know now; but I had foigot- 
ten it. 

Well, at the end of the first term, my old friend went out to 
bring Sally home, and, before calling at the school, imbibed freely of 
Western Reserve Apollonaris Water. The lady principal of the school 
met him in the reception room, when he asked how Sally was getting 
along, to which the principal replied: "Oh, well, Sally has done as 
well as could be expected, but the trouble is that Sally has no ca- 

:- ■:.l^,ur': :- 

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tArmy of the Cumberland. 

" Capacity h 1," exclairaed the father, and, throwing the prin- 
cipal a roll of money, ordered her to buy a capacity for Sally, " no 

matter what the d d thing costs." 

My Oil Creek friend afterward removed to a fashionable town in 
a neighboring county, and became interested in some land occupied 
mostly by Irish tenants, who concluded to organize a borough. 

At a town meeting to prepare for a procession and celebration of 
tiie beginning of borough life, one of the Irish citizens moved to ap- 
propriate twenty-five dollars for a band of music, and another Irish 
neighbor proposed to spend the twenty-five dollars for a chandelier for 
the new school-house, when my quondam Oil Creek friend sprang to 
his feet and exclaimed that he was for the band, adding, " If you do 
spend twenty-five dollars for a chandilly, and put it in the school- 
house, or anywhere else, there's not a d d Irishman in the town 

can play it! " 

His wife used to say of him, "Well, he's the best man in our 
church, even if he does smoke and drink and cuss and swear and fight 

I am ofi* the thread of my discourse again. 

I commenced to talk about pictures, and your picture, my Com- 
rades, which is with you by day and in your dreams at night, a picture 
you would not exchange for the best farm in the State of Ohio. Yes, 
your picture is more than a painting; it is the vivid recollection of a 
wonderful reality. 

You kissed wife and children good-bye, you turned your back upon 
them and started down the well-known and well-beaten lane, but you 
scarcely noticed the familiar scenes through which you passed; you 
stopped and looked back, some were on the fences and some on the 
wood pile, with hot tears and throbbing hearts, eager for a last look ; 
you staggered, you reeled like a drunken man, until, in desperation, 
you summoned all your powers, wheeled, and on and on, with an 
energy whicli desperation alone imparts, to camp, the drill, the maneu- 
vers, the march, the bivouac, the picket line, the skirmish, the shock 
of battle, the rattle of musketry, the roar of cannon, the cries of de- 
feat and the shouts of victory — night comes, the battle undecided, you 

S^t>rgi/i> ifi.t^ t ic.T«p^ i^rv. 


lie dowu with the dead, tlie wounded, the dying, to sleep in the blood 
of your Comrades, perhaps with your head on a fiilleu Comrade lor a 
pillow, and read) for the friendly hand of a living Comrade for com- 
fort and companionship; you look up into the blue, clear sky, all 
brilliant with stars, and anon the moon coursing its way among them 
in a i)athway of golden glory, but your mind, dreaming or waking, 
leaves all these and is in the humble home of the Northland, where 
you see wife and children in the fiimiliar room, the familiar bed, the 
children asleep, wife dreaming and waking by turns, but always pray- 
ing for you ; daylight breaks, tlie bugle sounds, up again for another 
day's battle, and thus you went from Bull Run to Appomattox, to 
Washington, home again, a country saved, slavery abolished, treason 
crushed, and a government for the people, by the people, and of the 
people firmly established on the North American Continent. 

Who of you would sell that picture, who of you would blot from 
recollection the wonderful scenes through which you passed, from the 
day you left home and loved ones in tears and sorrow to the day you 
returned home with such joy and rejoicings as you will know but once 
in a lifetime. 


Governor Busiinell : Comrades and Gentlemen — I have the 
pleasure of introducing to you General Hamilton, of Zanesville, 
whom I know you will be glad to hear. 

General W. D. Hamilton: You may say so now, but in a 
few minutes you will be glad when I stop. My Comrades, I was noti- 
fied a short time ago, several days ago, that I was expected to deliver 
an address on the occasion of the Burgoo to take place out here, and 
I didn't know what a "Burgoo" was — I thought it was sometliing 
serious — so I wrote out a serious speech and a good one, about twenty 
minutes long. But I was told that it should be but ten minutes long, 
and I did n't know how to cut it up, so I threw it in the waste basket, 
and now I haven't any. When I came up, I heard one person remark 
that he was going to go out to get some " burgin." Then as I came 
along here, I heard a negro say, "I believe it is a ' Burboo.'" The 

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Army of the Cumberland. 

fact is' I was so worried about the Dame that I looked it up in Web- 
ster's Unabridged, but it was n't in it. Then I got one of these great 
big volumes they have now and there I found it. It said, ** a savory 
food made out of beef and mutton and garlic and onions and — and 
dog — "and I came to the conclusion that it must be something like 
that sheet let down from Heaven that Peter saw, " filled with all 
manner of unclean things," and God told Peter he must not call any 
thing unclean which God had prepared. So I came to the conclusion 
that any thing which the Columbus people had prepared for the old 
soldier must not be called unclean. 

There is only one good point in a speech of this kind, and that 
is where it quits. I have received order to break ranks, so I will say 
good-bye ! [Applause.] 

Governor BusHNELL : We now have the pleasure of hearing 
from General Henry Mizner, of Detroit, Michigan. I am glad he 
is here to talk to you. [Applause.] 

General Henry R. Mizner : Governor Bushnell, Ladies and 
Gentlemen — It affords me great pleasure to witness this grand out- 
pouring of the patriotic people of the great State of Ohio, which I 
interpret as a sentiment of cordial greeting and welcome to the grand 
old Army of the Cumberland, the army of ooe of the grandest soldiers 
of the age, who, through endless time, will be recognized as the 
"Rock of Chickamauga" — Major-General George H. Thomas. 
With what a thrill of joy did I drink in every word of that grand 
peroration of our distinguished cavalry leader. General James H. 
Wilson, last evening in his graceful tribute to that peerless soldier! 
Dastard be he who would dare attempt to sully the fair fame of that 
beloved soldier. If attempted in our midst or within our hearing, 
it would be as well for that man as to drop a lighted match in a powder 
magazine. It is my desire first to place on record my acknowledg- 
ment of the graceful salutation of his excellency, the governor, and 
the graceful courtesy and princely hospitality of the good people of the 
grand old City of Columbus. 


Burgoo and Camp Fire. 87 

It is a pleasure to be again with my dear old regiment, the 
Seventeenth U. S. Infantry, from which I was retired by operation of 
law, having reached the age of sixty-four, six years ago, the first day 
of August last, to be succeeded by tliat accomplished soldier, Colonel 
John S. Poland. This regiment is wisely placed in your midst as 
security for your persons and property in case of riot and disorder. 

In this grand concourse of people there is a feature which is to 
me peculiarly beautiful, and that is the presence of tiie fair women of 
the land. Remember the noble women of the Revolution, the noble 
women of the Rebellion and their ministrations in the Sanitary Com- 
mission, at the bedside of the sick, the wounded and the dying. I 
have no power of language to describe to you the devotion of the noble 
patriot mother. For such a mother I have a feeling akin to my devo- 
tion to tiie flag, and the son who would be disloyal to such a mother 
would fire me with a spirit of indignation similar to that which prob- 
ably prompted General John A. Dix to order at New Orleans, 
during the Rebellion, "Any man who attempts to haul down the 
American flag, shoot him on the spot." 

Never forget the devoted mother, the fond sister, the sweet sweet- 
heart, nor your best girl. As one having passed the scriptural limit 
of three score years and ten, I would advise every young man now 
before me, if he would escape the vices of this wicked world and se- 
cure happiness beyond the dark river, from whose country no traveler 
returns, link your fortunes with your best girl. 

Ohio was peculiarly fortunate in the production of distinguished 
heroes whose names adorn the scroll of fame — Grant, Sherman, 
Sheridan, McPherson, Rosecrans, Garfield, and a host of others 
whose names will ever glisten upon the brightest pages of the n»ilitary 
history of the great State of Ohio. There was one family that seems 
to stand apart, the grand jMcCook family, a father and seven sons. 
One son gave up his life at first Bull Run, in July, 18G1. Robert 
L. iMcCooK, Colonel of the Ninth Ohio Infantry, was assassinated in 
the most cowardly manner near Decherd, Tennessee, while riding, sick, 
in an ambulance, in July, 18G2. In July, 1863, the noble sire gave up 


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Army of the Cuniherland. 

his life during the Morgan invasion of the sacred soil of Ohio. In tlie 
assault upon Kenesaw, June 27, 1864, Colonel Dan McCook, 
Fifty-second Ohio Infantry, my dear personal friend and of our 
division, received his death wound, and died about the 19th of July, 
1864. Four lives, one each July, were offered up upon the altar of 
their country of that noble, patriotic family. General Alexander 
IVIcDowELL McCooK, survives, and he was always thundering at the 
gates of rebeldom, at Sliiloh, Perryville, Murfreesboro, or wherever 
rebellion was to be found. 

You have passed through four years of cruel war, of sadness, 
maiming and suffering. You iiave recently passed through a season 
of depression and stagnation of business. To-day there is every-where 
manifest returning prosperity and confidence. About a year ago the 
American people thought best to place in nomination one of our 
Comrades, in vindication of the honor and financial integrity of the 
nation against a debased currency, and of the purity of the judicial 
ermine of the Supreme Court of the United States against the 
dastardly assault of anarchism. To-day that Comrade graces the 
pi'esidential chair [Applause], watching over not only the great State 
of Ohio, but over a restored Union. [Great applause.] 

Governor Bushnell : Ladies and Gentlemen — It is getting 
late, but you have been very patient, and we want to ask you to re- 
main to hear a few words from another distinguislied member of the 
Society of the Army of the Cumberland, my friend and neighbor. Gen- 
eral Keifer, of Sj)ringfield. 

General Keifer: Comrades of the Union Veteran Legion, and Com- 
panions of the Society of the Army of the Cumberland, and Comrades of the 
Ljate War — The sun is too low to attempt, if I desired, to deliver a speech, 
I wish to unite with the governor of Ohio in saying on behalf of the 
portion of the people I represent to those that have come from distant 
states to this state, and to those of you who have come from other cities 
of this state to this city, you are welcome here to every thing in sight. 
I listened last night to a late hour to a good deal of talk from some of 
the distinguished gentlemen whom you have heard here to-day, and I 

ri ,- i 

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Burgoo and Camp Fire. 89 

have listened again to-day to the same talk from the same gentlemen, 
and tliey are all personal, intimate friends of mine, whom I loved in the 
war and love still ; but the impression seems to have gone out somehow 
or other that there was nobody in the late war but cavalrymen. [Ap- 
plause and laughter.] General Wilson, who was to old Pap Thomas 
at Nashville the right arm that swept around the Confederate left and 
forced back Hood's army, cavalry and infantry, talks as though the 
war was put down by cavalrymen, [Laughter.] I saw him in battle at 
Opequou, and do him ample justice. I saw his old division at Cedar 
Creek. I saw there the division under Custer. I saw there another 
division of that army under General Merritt. What a trio of cav- 
alry leaders — Wilson, Custer, and Merritt — under that other hero 
in the cavalry, General Torbett! Their divisions fought in that 
battle all day long, and when night had come, they had gathered the 
fruits of a great victory; but when the casualty list was made up, 
there were 153 dead and wounded cavalrymen. I have heard the 
great deeds of the cavalry stated here, in the presence of some of tliose 
men whom I had the humble honor of commanding on that memora- 
ble field — a division of infantry, the Third Division of tlie Sixth 
Army Corps. [Applause.] When we made up our casualty list the 
next day, in that one division, we had, dead and wounded, a list of 
703, as against 153 in the three divisions of cavalry. I say, my Com- 
rades, this much to indicate the fact that there was some infantry in 
the army as well as cavalry. [Ap})lause.] And they bared their 
breasts to the storm of battle; they were food for shot and shell in 
the center of the great conflict. 

Now, I will not detain you— [Cries of " Go on, go on !] 
A single historic fact, the central and main one of all, should be 
mentioned. Wiiat did we accomplish by this great rec(;rd of blood and 
conflict? It is a singular fact in all history, that from the beginning 
of the formation of government, there was but one formed or at- 
tempted to be formed on this earth that was for the sole purpose of 
maintaining, eternally, domestic slavery, and that was the Confederate 
States of America. It is the black spot on modern civilization. No 
semi-barbaric people ever undertook to establish a nation based upon 


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90 Army of the Cumberland. 

the perpetuation of human slavery; no half-civilized people ever at- 
tempted that. But in the afternoon of the nineteenth century, in 
America, there was attempted to be established a government founded 
and based solely upon the perpetuation of human slavery. All I 
have to say now is, that the war was maintained to overthrow that 
would-be nation, and that is what we accomplished by the war. [Ap- 

Some of these old heroes of the war talk about the time coming 
when we will all be gone; when these Reunions, these meetings, must 
cease. I heard recently, in Buffalo, where the great assemblage of 
the year was held, talk about coming to the end, when we would all 
be dead. My Comrades, there is a view of this to be taken that I 
can illustrate as I close by referring to an old distinguished soldier of 
the Revolutionary War. General Rufus Putnam, who fought un- 
der Washington for the independence of the Colonies, when the war 
was over, sought a Western home. He was poor, as were the people 
of that day, and wended his way to the banks of the Ohio. His 
home was at Marietta. He came there, thrilled with the spirit of 
patriotism of the age, proud of his military record, and was a 
Christian gentleman. He helped to establish one of the first churches 
west of the Ohio. It is said that he helped to organize the first Sab- 
bath-school in the wilderness of the West. After a long time, he be- 
came so old and frail and feeble that he was no longer able to go to 
his church. His minister thought it was his duty to go to the old man's 
house and inquire of him about his preparation for the other world. 
The minister found him seated in his room by the fire in an arm-chair. 
He accosted the old soldier, and said to him he would like to know 
whether he believed in a God, in a living God. General Putnam 
said "Yes." Whether he believed that he was to be saved through 
the blood of Jesus Christ? Putnam said " Yes." And he answered 
all the questions usually asked along this line satisfactorily, until the 
minister thought he would put the final question as he parted from 
him, and he said : " General Putnam, are you ready to die?" The 
old man is reported as staggering to his feet upon his frail limbs, hold- 
ing himself up by the arms of his chair, and raising his cane high. 

It V 



Burgoo and Camp Fire. 91 

and crying out : "No! no! no! I shall never die ! I shall live for- 
ever and forever! Because I fought for the liberty of mankind under 
George AVashington ! " [Applause.] 

Governor Bushnell: Now, Comrades all, the declining sun 
admonishes us that it is time to close this meeting. We thank you 
for your presence here. We thank, especially, the ladies for their 
presence. We can always count on the women in any good cause, and 
we thank them very much for being here this afternoon. 

I congratulate you on the auspicious occasion. I trust that all 
will enjoy their stay in Columbus, and that this Reunion will always 
be fresh in their memories so long as they live, and that they will 
look forward to coming here to another Reunion and the time not be 
distant when they shall come to meet us again. 

Now, as we part, I want to wish to one and all good health ; to 
the Society of the Army of the Cumberland and the Union Veteran Legion, 
long life ; and to the Comrades we all love so well, God speed. 

The meeting will now close by the singing of a song by a veteran 
of the Union Veteran Legion. [Applause.] 

Major E. W. McIntosii, of Indianapolis, Indiana, was 
greeted by three cheers frona the audience, and sang the fol- 
lowing song, accompanying himself on the guitar: 

Bring along the bugle, boys, and let our children see 
flow we made her jingle in eighteen sixty-three ; 
How we followed Sherman in his campaign to the sea, 
AVhile we were marching through Georgia. 


J Hurrah! hurrah! we sound the reveille, 

Hurrah! hurrah! for the gallant battery ; 

The boys were always at the front until we reach'd the sea, 

While we were marching through Georgia. 

How we lost our money at the chuck-luck game we played ; 

How we made our breastworks with pickax and the spade ; 

How we cleaned the chickens out at every place we stayed, 

Vv'hile we were marchiny: throuirh Georgia. 

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Sherman's bummers, wide awake and always on the dot, 
In foraging for the commissary, some of them got shot; 
And every time the rooster crows they 're making for the spot, 
While we were marching through Georgia. 

Friday Morning, Septeniber 2Jf, 1897. 

The Society was called to order at 10 a. m., by Vice- 
President IStanley, who presided at the former sessions. 

The Chair: Reports of committees are first in order, 
and I will call for the report of the Committee on Nomina- 
tion of Officers. 

The following report was ofiered : 

For President. 
General \V. S. Rosecrans. 

For Gorrespojiding Secretary. 
General H. V. Boynton, 

For Recording Secretary. 
Colonel John W. Steele. 

For Treasurer. 

Hon. John Tweeijale. 


■ For Hidorian. 

Colonel G. C. Knifein. 

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Annual Business Meetini. 93 

For Vice' Pres ide )its. 
General J. W. Burke, Alabama. 
General T. T. Crittenden, California. 
Major L. W. Phillips, Connecticut. 
Colonel M. H. Fitch, Colorado. 
General D. S. Stanley, District of Columbia. 
General James H. Wilson, Delaware. 
Major George S. Davis, Georgia. 
General A. C. McClurg, Illinois. 
General Benjamin Harrison, Indiana. 
Colonel Dwight Bannister, Iowa. 
Sergeant Henry J. Aten, Kansas. 
Colonel W. R. Milward, Kentucky. 
General Francis Fessenden, Elaine. 
General Orland Smith, Maryland. 
Colonel Horace N. Fisher, ^[assachusetts. 
General G. S. Wormer, Michigan. 
General J. W. Bishop, Minnesota. 
Colonel Frank Askew, ]\Iissouri. 
Colonel Peter T. Swaine, IMontana. 
General C. F. Manderson, Nebraska. 
General Anson G. ^IcCook, New York. 
General James Barnett, Ohio. 
General W. A. Robinson, Pennsylvania. 
jNIajor ^y. J. CoLBURN, Tennessee. 
General Nathan Kimball, Utah. 
Captain George I. Robinson, Wisconsin. 

On motion, tbo rules were suspended and the above re- 
port of the Committee on Nominations was adopted, and 
those named therein declared elected as the ollicers of the 
Society for tlie ensuing year. 

The report of the Committee on Time and Place was 

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u^rmy of the Cumberland. 

next called for and submitted. The city of Detroit, Michi- 
gan, was recommended as the place for meeting in 1898, and 
Wednesday and Thursday, September 22 and 23, the time. 

On motion of General Pakkhurst, the rules were sus- 
pended and the report and recommendations of the Com- 
mittee on Time and Place adopted. 

The Committee on Orator reported the selection of Cap- 
tain Charles E. Belknap, of Michigan, to deliver the ora- 
tion for 1898, and for alternate, General J. W. Burke, of 

On motion, the committee's recommendations were 

The Chair: The Committee on Memoirs will come next in or- 
der. I am chairman of that committee, ^vbiell lias a great deal of 
work to do, if its duties are properly attended to. Last year, as 
chairman of that committee, I wrote six of the obituaries myself, but 
I will endeavor this year to get a little assistance from my colleagues. 
The memoirs for next year will be properly written. This is about all 
the report I can make. 

Moved and seconded that the report of Committee on 
Memoirs be accepted. Carried. 

Secretary Boynton: I am directed by the President to an- 
nounce the following committees for the ensuing year: 

Executive Committee. 

General C. H. Grosvenor, Chairman. 
General W. A. Kobinson, General D. S. Stanley, 

General R. A. Alger, General J. W. Burke, 

General James Barnett, General Thomas J. NVood, 

General A. Baird, Captain J. W. Foley. 

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Annual Business Meeting. 95 

Commiltee on Pablication. 

General IL V. Boynton, Chairman. 
General Gates P. Tiiruston, ^Iajor W. J. Colrurn, 
Captain John II. Sharratt, Private George E. Cole, 
Colonel Robert H. Hall. 

Committee on Memoirs. 

General D. S. Stanley, Chairman. 
General C. F. Manderson, Colonel Charles W. Davis, 

General J. W. Forsythe, Major F. B. James, 

Sergeant Thomas G. Lawler, Captain J. H. Sharratt. 

Committee on Chiclcamauga Park. 

General J. G. Park hurst, Chairman. 
Colonel Archirald Blakeley. Captain C. E. Belknap, 
Major W. F. Goodspeed, Corporal James Fitton, 

Major II. S. Chamberlain, Private G. S. Robinson. 

Committee on Sheridan Statue. 

Gen. James Barnett, Chairman. Gen. R. A. Alger, Treasurer. 
General C. F. INIanderson, Colonel PI. C. Corbin, 
General James H. Wilson, Colonel ^I. V. Sheridan. 
Major W. H. Lambert, 

General Boynton : In regard to the Executive Committee, I 
desire to say that three names have been added from those residing 
in Washington, for the reason that General Rosecrans, the Presi- 
dent, is in Cahfornia and incapacitated for work — not mentally, but 
his family desire to have him ke])t free from lousiness affliirs — so that 
he is not able to perform the duties that belong to the President, 
except under pressing circumstances. So this Executive Committee 
is formed for the purpose of acting for the Society, selected from differ- 
ent parts of the country, with one or two from Washington. It has 
been thought best to add three, and the authority of the Society is 

,C-.:.:.:iMr- U 

96 Arjny of the Cumberland. 

requested to sanction tliat addition. Whatever is the pleasure of 
the Society in the matter will be follo\/ed. 

On motion of General Burke, the number of the Execu- 
tive Committee was increased by three members. 

On motion of General Parkhurst, the re[)orted list of 
standing committees was accepted and approved. 

The following re})ly was made to the telegraphic greet- 
ing received from General Kosecrans : 

Columbus, September 24, 1807. 
General W. S. Rosecrans, 

KoDONDO, California. 

We liave re-elected our beloved Commander, 
President. IMay God bless you and grant us many years of Comrade- 
ship here. H. V. BOYNTON, 

Corre.-^pondiiig Secretanj. 

The following letters were read by General Boynton : 

Grant Monument Municipal Inaugural Parade, 

New York, March 9, 1897. 
General H. V. Boynton, 

Corresponding Secretary Society of the Army of the 
War Department, Washington, D. C. 

' As Grand Marshal of the Grant Monument In- 

augural parade, I extend a cordial invitation so the Society of the 
Army of tJie Cumberland to take part on the occasion of the dedication 
of the Grant Monument on the 27th of April, 1897. I trust you 
will be able to take part as a Society, and you will be assigned the 
proper position in line. I desire to say that if the Society should 
take part, it would be well for them to make their own arrangements 
regarding headquarters and accommodations in this city, as they will 

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Annual Business Meeting. 


have to bear tiieir own expenses, I sliall make the march as short 
as |)Ossible, so that all tlie soldiers of the late war desiring to take 
part in it will be able to do so. 

As prompt response as possible will greatly oblige, 
Yours truly and cordially, 


Grand Marshal. 

This was suitably and cordially acknowledged. 

CiNCiNNATr, O., September 15, 1897. 

I have your very earnest invitation to be with 
the Army of the Cuniherland upon September 22d-24th, at Columbus, 
and I shall be there it* nothing happens to prevent. 

Certainly the cordial relations existing now and always for more 
than a third of a century between the Army of tJie Cumberland and the 
Army of the Tennessee — they fought together — make us brothers, and 
I know, as you suggest, that 1 and any of our Society will " receive a 
cordial reception." 

I thank you for your kindly indorsement upon the postal card 
acknowledging my last report of our Society, 

Yours very sincerely, 


Jiecording Secretary. 
General H. Y. Boynton, 


Hampton, Va., September 15, 1897. 

Your letter found me yesterday just out of a 

sick-bed, where I had been for three days (a very rare thing for me). 

If I should be well enough to warrant it, I will come up on the boat 

Sunday night, so as as to take the train some time INIonday for Co- 



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t)8 Army of the Cumberland. 

lumbus. I fear, liowever, that the trip can not be prudently taken 
at all. I can not tell you how much I regret this unexpected mishap. 
Please remember me most cordially to all the hoys, both young 
and old. Say especially to General Wilson how much I regret not 
being able to hear his oration on my old chief and friend, personally 
as well as officially. 

Very truly, as ever yours, 


Chicago, III., September 22, 1897. 
Major W. F. Goodspeed, 

Chainnan Coinviittee of Arrangement of the Army of the Cmnherland, 

Columbus, O. 

Your letter ^vas miscarried and only reached me 

yesterday. Very sorry, but I can not possibly attend. I send you 

affectionate greetings and best wishes that the Ileunion of the glorious 

Army of tlte Cumberland may be a magnificent success. 


Cincinnati, O., September 22. 
General James H. Wilson, 

Care Army Cumberland. 

Regret exceedingly that I am ill and can not go 

to Columbus to-day. With best wishes for joyous Reunion. 


Captaiii Seve)ith Ohio Cavalry. 

Atlantic Highlands, N. J., September 21, 1897. 
General H. V. Boynton, 

Columbus, Ohio. 

Owii]g to ill health and want of time, it is im- 
possible for me to be present at our Reunion, which I very deeply 
regret. Will you please carry my name forward on the list of 


Believe me, very truly yours, 


Annual Business Meeting. 90 

Lexington, Ky., September 22, 1897. 

I see from report of our Reunion last year, that 
I am marked with a star in the alphabetical list, which I am delighted 
to say is a mistake. Kindly correct in report of this meeting. 
Inclosed find check to pay my dues for '97. 

Wishing tlie Society a happy Reunion and deeply regretting my 
inability to be present, 

Sincerely yours, 

Treasurer Society Army of the Cumberland. 

Pittsburg, Pa., September 20, 1897. 

I was all ready to come to Columbus, but am 
prevented by an important business engagement. I feel badly disap- 
pointed, as I would have liked to have seen my old Comrades of the 
Army of the Cumberland. 

Please convey to tliem my best wishes; and as the saying eroes, 
of old Rip Van Winkle, " ^lay they all live long and prosper." 
With kind regards, I remain ever your friend, 

To General II. V. Boynton, 

Columbus, Ohio. 

Spokane, Wash.., September 14, 1897. 
To THE Secretary, 

^ Society of tlie Army of the Cumberland, 

j Columbus, Ohio. 

Please accept my sincere regret that I am unable 

to attend the meeting of the Society this year. In spirit and thought 

I will be with you, and will hope to join you at the next meeting. 

Trusting that the meeting may be a source of joy and plcnsure to 

all who are able to attend, I remain 

Sincerely yours, 




Army of the Cumberland. 

General Boynton : Captain Siierratt, of Rockford, Illi- 
nois, writes a letter, presenting to the Army of ilie Cumberland, on 
behalf of himself and the local committee, the very beautiful illumi- 
nated electric badge of the Society which has been suspended in front 
of the Chittenden Hotel during this Reunion. 

General Wilson : I move the present be accepted and that 
thanks be tendered to Captain Sherratt and his associates for his 

General Parkiiurst: I would like to add to that an amend- 
ment that the Secretary be requested to express the thanks of the 
Society in a communication to Captain Sherratt. [Carried.] 

I\Iajor Goodspeed : This badge is not alone the gift of Captain 
Sherratt and the balance of his committee at Rockford. Our cor- 
resi)oiuleiicc has been with Captain Sherratt, but the local Colum- 
bus committee paid a j)art of the amount for the badge and the Rock- 
ford friends paid the balance. 

General Parkiiurst: I move that our thanks be extended to 
Captain Siierratt and the local Columbus committee, to be ex- 
pressed by letter of the Secretary to Captain Sherratt and to the 
local committee for this present. 

General Forsythe : il/r. President — It seems right and proper 
that the Corresponding Secretary should express to the local committee 
of Columbus the appreciation of the Society of the gift, as they were 
the peoj)le who brought the badge here and had certain expenditures 
to make to enable the people to present it to us. [General Park- 
hurst's motion adopted.] 

The followin<i^ resolution was ofl^ered by Captain Belk- 
nap, of Michigan : 

" Ee.solced, That the thanks of the Society of the Army of the 
Cumberland are hereby tendered to the local committees and to all of 

Annual Business Meeting. 101 

the people of the City of Columbus for the kind reception and 
courtesies extended to the Society at this its annual meeting, which 
has been the most complete in all of its arrangements and results of 
any of the meetings of the Society." [Carried.] 

General Boynton : I move that the thanks of the Society of 
the Army of tlie Cumberland be tendered to the press of this city for the 
careful attention to the reports of our meetings throughout this Re- 
union. [Carried.] 

General Barnett: Mr. Pre&ideiii — Since our last meeting we 
are deprived of the society of many of our members, who have passed 
to the camping grounds beyond the dark river. Death has reaped a 
rich harvest from our ranks. We are called upon to mourn the loss 
since our last meeting of our Comrades, Adjutant-General Sin- 
clair, General R. W. Johnson, Colonel Conrad, and that 
prince of good fellows, General W. B. IMcCreery ; then our genial 
Companion, Colonel Roper, who, with song and story, made our 
meetings so pleasant. We can always remember him as he appeared 
at Rocklbrd one year ago in his last good-bye to us, as he sang, " The 
Taps; Put out the lights, put out the lights and go to sleej)." In our 
hearts his memory lingers sweetly as bis song to us: "Put out the 
lights and go to sleep; Good-night, good-bye." 

Always at our meetings, laboring for us in all our affairs, social 
and patriotic was that true zVmerican, the friend of all soldiers. 
General Fullerton. AVe miss him for the first time. For the 
first time he is absent from our meetings. In the very prime and use- 
fulness of his life he has been taken from us; spared the })rivations 
of camp and march, jirotected on a score of battle fields from bullet, 
shell and saber, he is suddenly taken fr(un our midst. We will miss 
him, as all the people of this great country will miss him. 

At the proper time, we trust that the deeds and services of all of 
the Comrades mentioned here will be fully commemorated in our annual 
volume. Space at this time will not be ajipropriate. 

President Stanley: It would seem to be ju'oper and in ac- 

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102 Armij of tJie Cu-niberland. 

cordauce with the respect and affection we have for the distinguished 
members whom we lost hist year, that the members here should say a 
few words about them; not to fix their memories more indelibly in 
our minds, but as a matter of respect. 

Colonel Isom : Colonel George Roper is dead : gone from our 
midst forever. It is not necessary to portray, or attempt to portray, 
his many manly virtues. You all knew him and you all loved him, 
and in return he gave you his heart's devotion. Many a time he has 
said to me, "I love the old boys and love to be with them." Not in 
all our long friendship did I ever hear him traduce or say aught against 
a fellow soldier. Warm-hearted, a true friend, genial and music-lov- 
ine:, mirthful and sono:-o;iviner, he was the embodiment of <rood-fellow- 
ship wlierever he went. He was a good soldier, fearless and brave, 
honest and straightforward in all his dealings with men or with the 
government. He was a welcome guest in all soldier societies, and his 
presence was sought for. 

George S. Roper and myself were very close friends. From 
the first we had much in common, entering the service at about the 
same time, going from adjoining counties in the State of Illinois, both 
assigned to duty at Nashville at about the same time, he as Commis- 
sary of Subsistence and I as Post Quartermaster of Nashville. There 
we met and from that day until his death no cloud obscured our 

At Rockford, last year, we all noticed the great change in his ap- 
pearance and I knew the end was near, and I told General Barne'J't 
on leaving we never would see him again. The world was the i)etter 
for his living: his death takes one of the brightest from amongst us, 
but in our memories we will never forget him. 

The Chair: The Society will be much obliged to Cai'tain 
Belknap if he will pay tribute to Comrade ]\IcCpj:ery, however 
brief or long. 

Captain Belknap : I have prepared a brief notice of General 
McCreery, which I will read : 


Armual Business Meeting. 103 

Brevet Bkigadier-General William B. McCreery. 

McCreery.— Died ; at Flint, IMichigan, December 9, 1896, Bre- 
vet Brigadier-General William B. ]\IcCreery, U. S. Volunteers, 
late Colonel 21st Regiment Michigan Infantry; aged 60 years, 3 
months, and 12 days. 

William B. ^IcCreery was born at INIt. ^lorris, N. Y., August 
27, 1836, and with his parents moved to Michigan in 1839, He was 
admitted to the bar at Flint in 1859, an<l practiced law until the be- 
ginning of the war in 1861. He entered service, jMay 25, 1861, as 
sergeant Company F, Second Michigan Infantry; thence through 
various grades to a captaincy, September 10, 1861. He received 
three wounds in action at Williamsburg, Va., May 5, 18()2; lieuten- 
ant-colonel, September 20, 1862, and transferred to the Twenty-first 
IMichigan Infantry; colonel, February 3, 1863. 

He commanded his regiment through the Stone's River, Tulla- 
hotna, and Cliickamauga Campaigns, until September 20, 1863, when 
he was wounded three times and made })risoner; was confined in Libby 
Prison, from which he made his escape, February 9, 1864. Very soon 
after this, he returned to the command of his regiment. April 11 th, 
assigned to the command of the Engineer Brigade, Army of the Cum- 
berland, and commander of the post at Lookout JMountain. Resigned, 
September 14, 1864, on account of wounds (six in number). On 
General TiiOMAJs'y order of honorable discharge is the following in- 
dorsement: " On account of wounds (six in number), received at va- 
rious times in action while in discharge of duty, tlie honorable scars 
of which he now wears. In accepting the resignation of Colonel 
William B. INIcCreery, the major-general commanding takes occa- 
sion to express his high appreciation of the soldierly qualities and 
faithful discharge of duly which have ever characterized Colonel 
McC'reery's actions, at the same time regi-etling the existence of the 
disability which compels the withdrawal of so valuable an officer from 
the service," 

He was solely a self-made man; all his promotions in the service 
were fairly won by strict attention to duty and fearless conduct upon 
the field of battle. Coming to the Armij of the Ciiiiiherland from the 



Army of the Ciirnberland. 

Army of the Potomac, where he had done heroic service, he soon had 
every man of his command in a grasp of respect and love. At 
Stone's Kiver, he was side by side with the lamented Sill, and half of 
his regiment were dead or wounded in the cotton fields and cedar 
thickets. In the following campaigns, he displayed not only wonder- 
ful energy, but also the rare faculty of a i)ers()nal interest in every 
enlisted man and officer of his regiment, and he was idolized by all. 

In the Tulhxhoma and Cliickamauga Cajnpaigns, his regiment 
formed part of the Lytle brigade of Sheridan's division, and he was 
the warm and personal friend Of that gallant officer. They both went 
down together in the crasii upon the right that fatal morning. With 
Colonel McCkeery there remained a spark of life that, with an in- 
domitable will, slowly glowed to consciousness, and, with desperate 
wounds, he was jolted over the bills and mountains to Lil>by Prison, 
from which he, with others, tunneled tlieir way t(j freedom. Colonel 
IMcCreery reached the Union lines at Williamsburg, Va., from 
which place he telegraphed his father the message, that became the 
by-word of the Union soldiers: "I am again in God's country." Not 
waiting to fully recover his health, he joined his regiment at Chatta- 
nooga, and soon became commander of the Engineer Brigade. 

lie was a public si)irited citizen, and took an active part in public 
aflliirs, Ijoth home, state, and national. He was elected mayor of Flint 
twice. He served as state treasurer from 1S75 to 1871), and had 
the principal charge of erecting the ])resent ca})itol building at 
Lansing. He was collector of internal revenue under President 
Grant. President Harrison appointed him United States Consul 
at Valparaiso, Chili, which position he filled until he resigned to come 
home and look after private business of his own. He was always 
prominent in state i)olitics, and pn^bably enjoyed as large an acquaint- 
ance as any man in JMichigan. At the time of his death, he was 
president of the Twenty-first IMicliigan Infantry Association and the 
Libby Prison Association. He was a member of the INTasonic fra- 
ternity, of the vestry of St. Paul's Episcopal Church, Aj)ollo Council 
No. 27, li. A., and (governor Crapo Post, G. A. P., of Flint. He 
was at one time president of the Flint Water Works C^ompany, and 

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.Annual Business Meeting. 


was also for a time acting cashier of the Citizens' National Bank of 
Flint. He was a member of the State Board of Agriculture for 
eight years. He has served the public in various capacities — al- 
ways well. 

Plis remains Avere consigned to the tomb with honors befitting the 
memory of one who was a brave soldier and a universally respected 
citizen. During the hours of the funeral, the business of the city was 

And thus a gallant and devoted Comrade has gone from among 

us — 

" Into that beautiful land, 

. . The far-away home of the soul." 

I will add that General IMcCreery's wounds were of such 
character that he was finally unable to mount his horse, or ride after 
he was mounted, or to march in the ranks; and, finding himself inca- 
})acitated for service, he tendered his resignation. 

General Stanley: It is suggested that I should say something 
in regard to two meml)ers of the Society who have died during the 
past year. One of them had as much to do with the prosperity an<l 
life and business of this Society as any body has ever had — I refer to 
General Fullerton. As you know, he was Treasurer of the Society 
from its organization until the time of his death. The other member 
about whom I should speak is Colonel William Sinclair, of Gal- 
veston, Texas, who died last March. I knew both very well in life. 
I knew Fullerton as a student at Oxford College before he became 
a lawyer. Afterward he was a staff officer, chief of sttilf, in the 
Fourth Corps, and when I succeeded General Howard, 1 succeeded 
to the services of Fullerton. 

Most of the members of this Society knew Fullerton as well as 
I did. You kiKnv what a faithful, painstaking officer he was, and 
what a thorough gentleman in all his deportment in life. A man of 
fine presence; a man of bright mind, of extremely abstemious habits; 
a man who devoted himself to the work before him, and never quit 
until it was well done, and a favorite wherever he went. He was a 




Army of the Cumberland. 

mau of serious mind, and a society pet. He was always sought for — 
wherever he lived he was a favorite. I remember at one time in 
AVashingtou I asked him to attend to something, and he replied that 
he was engaged to dinners for fourteen days. 

As a staff officer, he was a model. No officer of any staff, whom 
I knew any thing about, was as thorough, systematic, and complete 
as he was. As evidence of that, his journal of the Fourth Corps, 
kept daily, was adopted bodily into the War Records, where you can 
find it at any time; and I heard one officer connected with that bureau, 
the other day, say there never was a journal which gave such a thor- 
ough account of the life of a portion of the army as this record of 
FuLLEKTON, which not only told every thing done, but the exact 
time of day, the kind of weather and circumstances under which 
<loiie ; and it was printed in the records and regarded as a useful addi- 
tion to that work. 

You all know that he was always with us with the business com- 
pletely settled up, and I do not know how we can do without him — 
but he is gone. 

The circumstances of his death were exceedingly untoward, and 
l(joked like a connection of circumstances leading to the fatal hour. 
He had been down to Ciiattanooga with General Boynton, and 
started to return by St. Louis, and said he would be in Washington 
before Boynton was. They were putting up a building for him in 
St. Louis and wanted him to wait to see the first steel put in, but 
it was not put in the first day on account of rain, and they begged 
him to remain another day. The third day he came to Cincinnati 
and there had a four hours' wait. By some mistake his berth in the 
rear Pullman was taken by a gentleman from Kansas, and he was 
given a berth in the front one of three cars. In the accident that 
followed, only one car went off the bridge and that was the one he was 
in. His neck was broken and his body floated away and was not re- 
covered till fourteen days after; but the water was cold and no de- 
composition had taken place. His funeral was attended by the Loijal 
Legion and officers of the Army of the Cumberland, at Cliiliicothe, Ohio, 
and he was laid to rest by iiis parents in the church-yard where many 


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Annual Business Meeting. 107 

generations of the Fullerton family are gathered. It is a liandsome 
church built ou the site of the old churcii in which the family wor- 
shiped for many years. Our dear Joe had given money, I think five 
thousand dollars, for a window in that church. He was, without 
ostentation, a liberal giver. Plis charity was consistent and quiet. 
Few knew the extent of it. One minister, speaking about him after- 
ward, said : " The last thing he did before he left Washington was to 
send me a check for the benefit of the little ones in a certain school 
for orphans." 

General Fullerton is a loss to me personally, a loss to the 
Society of the Army of the Cumberland, a loss to the community, a loss 
to the nation. 

I wish briefly to speak of Colonel Sinclair. He was born in 
Ohio, I think in Summit county, not far from Akron. He moved to 
Michigan, and enlisted at Jonesville, Michigan, and his first service 
was as a drummer boy. He went into the army at about seventeen 
years of age. He was a little bit of a fellow and made a good-look- 
ing drummer boy. But shortly afterward he shouldered a musket and 
helped to keep every thing quiet on the Potomac for awhile. He was 
afterward commissioned in the artillery and came out to Missouri as 
junior second lieutenant. When he joined our array, I had need of 
an ordnance officer. I found him a bright fellow and took him for 
ordnance officer. He served thus till the battle of Corinth, when the 
adjutant-general of the division was killed and he was commissioned 
adjutant-general. Hd was quick and active, always alert; no streams, 
floods, no firing pickets, no cannonade — nothing stopped him from go- 
ing to a })oint where duty called. Though he luid not received a col- 
legiate education, he was quick in business habits, wrote a beautiful 
hand, and took a great interest in having his books the best in tlie 
army. He was one of the most serviceable ofiicers I ever knew. 
When I was promoted to the corps, he became adjutant-general of the 
Fourth Corps. At the end of the war, he went to Texas. In the 
meantime he had married the " girl he left behind him " when he went 
into the army. I think he served eighteen months after the troops 
Avere mustered out and in the Freedman's Bureau. In the meantime he 

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108 Army of the Cumberland. 

got some property in Texas and went into business. As a business 
man he was successful, and at one time was very rich. He was quick, 
alert, and the very soul of business. But, like many business men in 
Texas, he got into cotton margins, and came near failing, but he had 
recuperated his fortunes at the time of his death. Tie leaves three 
boys, the youngest twenty years of age, about fifty thousand dollars 
apiece. He said he never wanted to leave them more than ten 
thousand, because it spoiled a boy to have more to begin on. 

Plis death was sudden. He walked in on me on Christmas day, too 
late for dinner, and stayed two weeks. He went to Eochester, where 
he was in correspondence with a gentleman who was forming a com- 
pany to build a trolley line from Rochester to Hardis Bay on Lake 
Ontario. He was thoroughly versed in that business; had built sev- 
eral electrical roads, bought and sold several, in fact, was an electric 
railroad builder. They were in conference in the forenoon and were 
to meet again at one o'clock. When he did not appear, they sent a 
message to his room, which they found locked, and could get no re- 
sponse. They put a boy up to look over the transom and he saw a man 
lying on the floor. It was Sinclair, with a pen in his hand. His 
last word had been written to me — "My Dear General," though my 
name was not on it — to inform me why he had not come back to me 
sooner. An inquest was held and death found to have been caused 
•by apoplexy. He was as honest a soul, as close a friend as any man 
who ever lived in this world. He was not a man who was merely 
friendly on the exterior, it was not show and politeness with Sinclair. 
He was a friend of the most sincere and deepest nature, and there 
were many of this Society for whonj he felt an attachment which he 
never expressed to them ; but he often expressed to me that the best 
and dearest friends he had in the world he made in the army, and 
raany of them were among the Comrades of this Society. 

I would like to have General Boynton add something to what 
I have said about General Fullehton. The general was so in- 
timately associated with him in the latter days that he is e(piippe<l to 
say a great deal more, perhaps, than there will be time to say. 

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Annual Business Meeting. 


General Boynton : Comrades of the Society — I should not dare 
to trust myself to say what I would like to say, if I had time for 
preparation, in regard to Comrade Fullerton. But, as with the 
rest of you who may make remarks on the short notice given this 
morning, opportunity will be given to correct the proof of what is said 
on this occasion. 

We are all mourners for Fullerton. Perhaps I stand peculiarly 
as a mourner for him on account of our intimate association for the 
last six years and very pleasant, long-continued acquaintance for 
thirty-four years. An introduction such as soldiers had on the field 
of battle, where I first met General Fullerton, in such a vortex 
of lighting as was that on Snodgrass Hill, where it was my fortune to 
stand on the right of Brannan's line, and where it seemed as if it 
was impossible to stand, when at that moment up swept old Jim 
Steedman's soldiers, not only to restore the line and save the right, 
but to save the battle — an introduction to a gentleman of Fullerton's 
standing and cordiality and soldierly qualities under such circum- 
stances as that would bind soldiers very closely even if they had not 
met from that time until as mourners we gathered about his coffin. 
But it has been my inestimable pleasure to know that gentleman and 
soldier, as a citizen and Christian for many years, more intimately, per- 
haps, than I have known my own brothers from whom I have often been 
separated in distant places. 1 can say to you in regard to Fullerton 
that those of you who saw him one day of all these thirty-four years 
of our acquaintance know just exactly what he was through all the 
days of all the years that have intervened while this generation has 
been passing. I never met a man of more equable^ tem[)er, sunny, 
genial and cordial, and a gentleman underall circumstances. For the 
last five years we had the same office; our daily life has been together. 

His death came to you as it came to me with a suddenness which 
we have all experienced when our Comrades fell by our side in battle. 
I liad left him in Chattanooga to meet liim the next afternoon in 
Washington. I picked up a newpaper at the breakfast table and 
read, " General J. S. Fullerton, killed." I do not think the 
shock which came to any one in battle exceeded that, for there we 

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110 Army of the Cumberland. 

expected such things. He was socially and in his family a gentle- 
man of the most charming and affectionate disposition. I have never 
known a circle of brothers and sisters more thoroughly devoted ta 
any man, or a family into which the desolation of death, which is al- 
ways terrible to any of us, came with a greater shock than into that 
family of Fullerton's. 

I can say one thing to you which will interest you with regard 
to his final work at Chattanooga. He was in consultation and confer- 
ence the very last hour he left, as he stepped into the carriage to go 
to the station, with a contractor to carry out his ideas of a plan he had 
in mind for marking the position of General Thomas at Snodgrass 
Hill, and this plan, as we hope, his excutors will carry into effect. 
He had been havino: a search made in that region for a rock, the 
largest, that could be transported by the modern means of railroad 
transportation. A great bowlder of sixty tons in weight is the largest 
that can be moved in that region on account of the bridges. He 
had intended to have that brought to Snodgrass Hill and have J. Q. 
Ward, or some other sculptor carve on that a sleeping lion, and un- 
der it, " George H. Thomas, the Rock of Chickamauga." That was 
Fl'LEEKton's last work in connection with this great park project, 
and it will probably yet be consummated by those devoted to him, 
and through all coming time, while granite lasts, there will be per- 
petuated the evidence of his love for his commander and the part 
which that general played in the great battle. Much of the work of 
that park is due to him. All the great expenditure which we have 
made there have been under his official direction and supervision. 
A thousand things will per})etuate his memory while granite endures 
and the history of this republic lives. 

1 can say nothing to you that you do not feel and know your- 
selves in reference to this great loss which we have suffered. I shall, 
in the revision of these few remarks, add some things without detain- 
ing you now. Others who make remarks on this occasion will have 
the proof sent them so that they may be able to do justice to these 

v^ J 



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Annual Business Meeting. Ill 

The Chair: We would like to hear from General Forsythe, 
whatever remarks lie may see fit to make to us on the life of Gen- 
eral Johnson. 

General Forsythe : Mr. President — I can not let this occa- 
sion pass without saying a few words in regard to our late Compan- 
ion, General R. W. Johnson, whom I first had the pleasure of meet- 
ing at IMurfreesboro in the spring of 1863, a short time after I re- 
ported for duty in the Army of iJie Cumberland. He was a graduate 
of the Military Academy prior to the War of the Rebellion, and was 
assigned after graduation to one of the regular mounted regiments of 
the army, and I think that all of his military service, pi-ior to 1861, 
was with his regiment in the then great plains of the West, which 
extended from the Missouri River to the Rocky INFountains. 

During the Tullahoma and Chickamauga Campaign of the Army 
of the Oumhcrland, General Johnson commanded a division in Gen- 
eral McCook's cor})S. 

On the second day of the battle of Chickamauga, I remember 
that his division was on the right of General Baird's division, for 
ou the afternoon of that day, I had the pleasure of meeting him with 
Generals Baird and King. A few months thereafter I left the 
Army of the Cumberland, and, therefore, did not again meet him dur- 
ing the active operations of the war. 

General Johnson stood high in the esteem of the officers of 
the old army. He was a splendid physical specimen of the typical 
Kentuckian — a genial, affable, charming gentleman and companion. 
His active military career during the War of the Rebellion was with 
the old Army of the Cnmbcrhvid, and I feel warranted in saying that 
he took an active part in all its marches, battles and sieges. 

I deeply regret that it is not within my knowledge to say more. 
I am sure that all the members of this Society at its future meetings 
will regret and miss the manly form, smiling face and strong, warm 
hand-clasp of our departed Comrade. 

General AVilson : Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen — I made Gen- 


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112 Army of the Citmherland. 

EKAL Johnson's acquaintance under peculiarly embarrassing circum- 
stances. It was my good fortune to be selected by General Grant 
to be sent west to report to General Sherman for the purpose of re- 
organizing the cavalry of his military division. jNIy rank relatively 
was so low that I believe there was not a single brigadier general con- 
nected with the cavalry forces who did not outrank me by date of 
commission. It therefore became necessary to give me additional 
rank, and that was done by brevetting me major-general. Among the 
distinguished elderly officers of the service whom I found serving 
with tlie cavalry was Richard W. Johnson, Washington L. El- 
liott, Kenner Garrakd and a number of others, all old officers of 
the regular army. Johnson must have been a captain, if not a Held 
officer of cavah-y, long before I thought of going to West Point, and 
wiien I appeared in that iield of course the lirst thing for me to do 
was to arrange the assignments to connnand so as not to be embar- 
rassed by the superior age and experience of those over whom I had 
to exercise authority. Officers like General Forsythe and Gen- 
eral Stanley, will readily appreciate the embarrassment and diffi- 
culty of n)y position. INfost of the older officers I was permitted to 
order lo report to their army commanders for other duty. But John- 
son liad a specific and special standing in the cavalry of the Armj/ of 
the Cumberland, and after I had gone back from Gaylesville, where the 
cavah-y corps received its official designation and organization, and 
had reported to General Thomas at Nashville, I naturally looked to 
so solid and substantial a man as Thomas — a man who understood the 
merits of every officer in iiis army, certainly of every general officer — 
for assistance in selecting my brigade and division commanders, and I 
recall with peculiar satisfaction the interest he took in the selection of 
these officers. I remember, as it were yesterday, the first man spoken 
of was Johnson. I may say, in the confidence of this meeting, that 
beseemed to have some doubts himself about Johnson, but said: 
"The general has been with this army from the first, and has always 
honestly and capably performed all the duties which have been as- 
signed to him, and I would like to have you give him a division, es- 
pecially as you will find he is a strict disciplinarian and understands 


Annual Business Meeting. 


the business of organizing a coramand. There is no man in this army 
more capable of shaping up a division of cavalry than Johnson." 

Accordingly, I assigned him to the command of the Sixth Cav- 
alry Division, and he led it at the battle of Nashville, Avhere he had 
position on the extreme right of corps, which was the swinging flank. 
He did not come into immediate contact with the enemy, but was the 
first to break through the line established by ?Iood, the left of which 
rested on the Cumberland River. His march the next day on the 
circumference of the circle was so long that he was not able to reach 
the enemy effectively. He was also delayed somewhat by a rise in 
the river, due to recent rains. It was hoped that he could cross the 
Harpeth below Franklin, and swing in upon the town in time to cut 
off Hood's retreat, but he failed, as he reached the enemy's line of 
retreat just after the rear guard had passed through the town. 

In the rapid re-organization and re-equipment of the cavalry corps 
which followed, I assigned Johnson, with his division, at the special 
request of Thomas, to service in Middle Tennessee, where he was left 
when I marched into Alabama. He passed, therefore, from my per- 
sonal observation. I had, of course, in the meantime, come to know 
him exceedingly well. He was a man of imperial presence, and of 
alert, vigorous, and aggressive qualities, by the exercise of which he 
succeeded in winning the entire confidence of those under his com- 

I held some correspondence with him in after years, and one of 
the last evidences of good will and affectionate regard I had from him 
was a copy of a very interesting book, giving his own military remi- 

General Burke: Mr. President and Gentlemen — I regret very 
much to say that my acquaintance Avith Colonel Conrad was very 
limited. I never met him until the dedication of the National Park 
at Chattanooga. Our acquaintance commenced there, and I never 
met him afterward. I regret very much, Mr. President, that I am 
unable, therefore, to say any thing in reference to his services, charac- 

, .ill ' »';{ 

IIA Army of the Cumbej'land. 

ter, or life. But when our annual volume appears, I will reserve the 
right to study that up and make some remarks relative to the subject. ■ 

But, Mr. President, I have something more to say, which it be- 
comes me to say, and is my duty to say, before we adjourn. One of 
the most beautiful of sentiments is that expressed in the Latin text, 
^^de mortuis nil ii'isl honum" — " of the dead nothing should be said but 
what is good." The sarcastic genius of Swift perverted that and 
translated it in this way: "When bad men die, let all bemoan 'em." 
But T thank God, sir, that we are living in a brighter and better age, 
when there is too much love and goodness to tolerate such a vicious 
and cynical translation of the beautiful sentiment of the Latin author, 
and I would say, applying that quotation to the memories of Comrades 
deceased, *' Nothing can be said but what is good." 

Mr. President, our constantly decreasing numbers, the mourning 
pages in our annual volumes, the vacant places in our Symposia, are 
the lamentable facts connected with the existence of this Society. 
Scarcely a month passes, certainly not a year passes, that we do not 
hear of the death of some loved Comrade. The genial voice of fel- 
lowship is growing weaker and weaker, and the circle of comradeship 
is becoming more contracted, until in a few years there will not be 
one of us left to tell of the glory and grandeur and heroism of the 
immortal Army of ilie Cumberland. That history, sir, belongs to this 
country. It is American. It will stand as long as the government 
itself stands. It will increase in glory as the centuries go by, and as 
long as the free school is open in America to teach the youth of this 
country the greatness of the men who served in that army. 

But there is something more left to us that we claim, that is ex- 
clusively our property, and that, gentlemen, is the personal history of 
our own members and our own associates. That is our property, and 
nothing can rob us of that. It will pass along with us to our graves. 
The Army of the Cumberland will become a part of the great history of 
the country, the history of the great achievements and great heroism 
of great armies; but when we pass the dark river and "rest in the 
shade on the other side," all will be forgotten, and we will take the 
personal histories and reminiscences into the grave with us. 

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Annual Business Meeting. 115 

Mr. President, I was affected when I heard our noble friend, 
General Boynton, speak of General Fullerton ; the tears 
started to my eyes, for I loved Fullerton. Fullerton was gentle. 
Why? Because he was brave; because he was a gentleman — "the 
gentlest are the bravest." He had a rugged exterior, was brusque, 
outspoken, generous. His faults were all of the head and not of tlie 
heart. He had a faculty of drawing men toward him and of holding 
them with the power of steel. 

I regretted my inability to be with you at Rockford last year. 
I missed the opportunity of saying a word of loving remembrance of 
Colonel Henry Stone, whose sudden death in that year caused us 
all to mourn his loss. 

Henry Stone was one of the most lovable characters I ever 
knew. He had the heart of a lion and the tender, affectionate, con- 
fidino; heart of a child. Like Fullerton, next to the members of 
his own family he loved his old Comrades. Never demonstrative, 
free from gush, cool, calm, reflective, sincere, earnest, honest and 
simple, his was truly a noble nature. 

If he could not praise, not a syllable of abuse ever fell from his 
lips, and he illustrated in life the highest type of manhood; a soldier 
of unstained honor and a " man who loved his kind." He was my 
friend, my close companion in the field; his memory will live in my 
heart as long as there is pulsation there, and will die only when I am 
laid away, to answer no longer the roll call on earth of Comrades 
whose decreasing numbers make those who are left as dear to me as 
lite itself 

Now, ]Mr. President, it is growing late and all are anxious to 
leave. I hope to see this volume which is coming into print full of the 
history of those great men. I mean that, gentlemen, because it was 
an army of great men. From the humblest to tlie greatest member 
who served in it, all contributed to the greatness of its history ; and 
the humblest soldier of the Army of tha (himbcvUnid is entithMl to mh 
much credit and as much glory as tiie high(>st olliccr. 


Army of the Cmnherland. 

General Forsythe : Mr. President — I take this occasiou to 
state that when I joined the Army of the Gamherland, in May, 1863, I 
obtained permission to stay with my friend, Major-General Sheri- 
dan, for ten days before reporting for duty to the headquarters of the 
regular brigade of infantry. The army was then located at Murfrees- 
boro, Tenn. During this interval of time General Sheridan took 
me through the army and introduced me to all his friends. It was 
then that I first met Colonel Conrad, and as he commanded one of 
the brigades in Sheridan's division I saw quite a good deal of him 
then and afterward during the campaign, which was finished by the 
battle of Missionary Ridge. 

Colonel Conrad's brigade was then regarded as the show 
brigade of Sheridan's division, and almost every week during the 
time the army remained at Murfreesboro, this brigade, under Colonel 
Conrad, gave an exhibition drill to which all the prominent officers 
of the army were invited. Colonel Conrad was a thorough 
soldier, a fine disciplinarian and a staunch fighter, and General 
Sheridan esteemed him very highly as one of the best officers in his 

After the war, I remember that he took a deep and active in- 
terest in all that was done and had to be done to enable Colonel 
Conrad to be placed on the retired list with the rank of colonel. 

I esteem it a high favor to have this opportunity of testifying to 
the gallantry and distinguished services of this soldier, who finally 
died many years after the war from the effects of wounds received in 

/ Major Goodspeed: I knew Colonel Conrad during all my 
service in the Army of the Cumberland, and I think, as a professional 
soldier from Germany, a better fellow never lived than Conrad. He 
was kind-hearted, brave, and always one of "us boys," and he was 
always a very strict disciplinarian, as Forsythe said. He was with 
us nearly from the time of the organization until the close. 

General Boynton : I should like to add a word in regard to 
Colonel Conrad. He lived in Washington, consequently I knew 



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Annual Business Meeting. 117 

him well. But I did not have that close relationship with hira that I 
enjoyed with General Fullerton. He took the deepest interest in 
every thing concerning the Society and its history. 

General Parkhurst: I do not know that it is becoming for 
any member of the Society to sit silent and listen without having 
something to say in relation to these lost companions. I knew every 
one of them personally, and was very familiar with some of them ; I 
do not intend to make an extended talk, but want to indorse all that 
has been said in their praise. They were, some of them, very inti- 
mate friends of mine, especially Fullerton and Roper. 

I want to say a word in reference to General Johnson, to show 
the estimate in which he was held by General Thomas. General 
WiLaoN lias stated to you that General Thomas was anxious that he 
should have a suitable command. After the war was over. General 
Thomas thought so much of General Johnson and so much wanted \ 

him near him that, after I had retired from my position as provost 
marshal general. General Thomas assigned General Johnson to 
that position, and he relieved me. I speak of this to show what esti- 
mate he had of General Johnson. He loved him, respected him, 
knew he was a gallant man, and had all confidence in his ability as a 
soldier and an officer. 

The Chair: If there is nothing further to be said on this occa- 
sion, 1 believe the business of the Society has been transacted, and a 
motion for adjournment will be in order. 

General Wormer : 1 understand this Society has decided to 
go to Detroit for its next meeting. If I had supposed you wanted to 
come, I would have extended an invitation; but I will say, though 
the only one present from there, that what we have done in the past 
we will try to do in the future, if you come there. 

Major Goodspeed : There will be a dress parade at the United 
States Barracks at 4 o'clock, and Colonel Poland will be glad to 
have all attend. It has been arranged especially for our benefit. 



I '{' 

1 : > bito 

118 Army of the Cumberland. 

Wells Post G. A. R. have issued iuvitatious to a camp fire to be 
held to-night for our benefit, and they are very anxious to have the 
members who are still in the city to attend. 

On motion, the Society adjourned to meet in Detroit in 
annual session, September 22d and 23d, 1898. 

General Boynton : The following telegrams and correspond- 
ence pertain to the appointment of Hon. John Tweedale as Treasurer, 
ad interim, in place of General Fullerton: 

Washington, March 24, 1897. 
General W. S. Rosecrans, 

Los Angeles, California. 

If you think well of it, i)lease telegraph the ap- 
pointment of John Tweedale as Treasurer, ad interim, in place of 
General Fullerton, deceased. H. V. BOYNTON. 

Los Angeles, California, March 27, 1897. 
General H. V. Boynton, 

Washington, D. C. 

I hereby appoint Comrade John Tweedale Treas- 
urer of the Society Army of the Cumberland, vice General Fullerton, 
deceased. W. S. ROSECRANS. 

Washington, March 27, 1897. 

It gives me sincere pleasure, joined to the keenest 
sorrow over General Fullerton's death, to notify you, at the re- 
quest of our President, General Rosecrans, that he has appointed 
you Treasurer, ad interim, of the Society of tJie Army of the Cumberland, 
vice General J. S. Fullerton, deceased. 

Very truly yours, 


Corresponding Secretary. 


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Annual Business Meeting. 119 

War Department, Office op the Secretary, 

Washington, March 29, 1897. 


I am iu receipt of your communication of even 

date notifying rae of my appointment, by General Rosecrans, as 

Treasurer, ad interim, of the Society of the Army of the Cumberland, 

and beg to acknowledge my sincere appreciation of this courtesy and 

mark of confidence. 

Very truly yours, 

General H. V. Boynton, 

Corresponding Secretary Society of the Army of the Cumberland. 
Washington, D. C. 

In Bfraopiflin 



"June 14, 1805 

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October 26, 1871 


b^ years t 4 months^ I2 days 



In nprnoriain 


Febrtiary 8, 1820 
Febniary 14, 1891 

71 years, 6 (-/czyi- 



In nprnoFiain 



July 31, 18 16 
March 28, 1870 

^"^^years^ 7 months ^ 28 <^^yj* 



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In Wpmopiam 



September 6,1819 

March II, 1898 
78 years, 5 months, 5 days 

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In Memoriain. 127 fyC- 

In jmjpmopiBra. 



Brackett. — Died, Washington, D. C, June 25, 189G, of paralysis, 
Colonel and Brevet Brigadier-General Albert Gallatin Brackett, 

General Brackett was of New England descent, and was a 
member of the Society of the Sons of the American Revolution. He was 
born in Cherry Valley, N. Y., February 14, 1829. As a young man, 
he emigrated to Indiana, and at eighteen years of age was commis- 
sioned a second lieutenant in the Fourth Indiana Infantry, and joined 
General Scott's army, which ca[)tured the City of Mexico. His 
regiment was attached to General Lane's brigade, which was active 
in suppressing the partisan war after tlie occupation of the City of 
Mexico, and young Brackett saw mucli of active field service, and 
miicli of Mexico not experienced by most of the army. 

In 1855, he was appointed a captain in the Second Cavalry, one 
of the four new regiments raised that year. Albert Sidney John- 
ston was the colonel of the regiment, which immediately on being 
formed marched from Jefferson Barracks to Texas, and at once com- 
menced scouting for hostile Indians. Captain Brackett had three 
engagements with the Indians, one with the Lipans and two with the 
Comauches, in which lie was entirely successful, and for which he 
received the thanks of General Scott in general orders. Captain 


Army of the Cumherland. 

Brackett's life at this period was literally in the saddle. Texas was 
still a land of romance and adventure, and a lover of nature never 
could enjoy an outdoor life more than he did. 

The war broke out in 1861, and Captain Brackett was in it 
from the commencement. He took part in the battles of Blackburn's 
Ford and at Bull Run. He was appointed colonel of the Ninth Illi- 
nois Cavalry and sent to Arkansas, and in action at Stewart's Planta- 
tion, Arkansas, was severely wounded. Upon recovery, he was made 
chief of cavalry of the Department of the Missouri, and, later, in- 
spector of cavalry for the Army of tJie Cumberland, and was very active 
on the Atlanta Campaign and in the campaign ending in the battle 
of Nashville. After the war, General Brackett served in com- 
mand of posts in all parts of our Western country — California, Wash- 
ington, Nevada, Wyoming, Nebraska, Texas; and at all of these 
places his services were important and creditable. 

His last service was in Texas, when, as commanding officer at 
Fort jMcIntosh, he retired upon his own application, being then colonel 
of the Third Cavalry. After retirement, his home was in Washington 
City. He was a true soldier and a man of admirable qualities. He 
was a man of fine literary abilities, and when very young wrote 
"Lane's Brigade in Mexico," a very successful history, and during 
his life published many instructive papers upon Western life, the 
game of America, and interesting papers, which ought to be collected 
and preserved. 

General Brackett leaves a widow, who is the presiding Vice- 
President of the Daughters of the American Revolution in the District of 

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In Memoviam. 129 


l]i:o.MM:v.-l)ied, at Xowurk, N. .1., .March, lSi)7, Dit. John Duane 
Bromley, formerly ^Fajor aiul Stafl" Surgeon, U. S. Army, and Assistant 
Cliief Surgeon, Fourth Corps, Arinij of the Cinitlicrldud. 

Dr. Buomley was horn in ^Fontville, Conn., jMay 8, 1884. His 
father was a i'armer, ami Dr. Bro.^iley worked hard and studied 
hard — his college the district sclioul-liouse — until lie entered the ofiice 
of Dr. John P. Fui.li:r, of Norwicl], Conn., to study medicine. 
His progress was so good that in 1858 he graduated from tlie College 
of ]\ledicine of New York City, and soon afterward foi'med a partnei'- 
ship with Dr. AtvEXander N. Dougherty, which continued until 
jNIay, 18()o, when both partners being conniiissioned in the army, the 
firm was dissolved. 

SuRCiEON Bromeey'h first service was with the Arnuj of the Poto- 
Diav, and in the '; seven days' light" before Richmond, he was left to 
care for our wounded, and became a prisoner. After one month in 
Libby Prison, he was exchanged, and ordered to iMemphis, but soon 
reported at the headijuarters of the ^[ninj of the Giunbeiiand, and was 
assigned to the Fourth Corps. He was in the field with that corps all 
through the Atlanta Campaign, and subsec^uently, the Cam[)aign 
of Franklin and Nashville. When the Fourth ('orps was ordered to 
Texas at the end of the war, Dr. Bromley went as medical director, 
and remained with the corps until its muster out of service. He re- 
ceived the brevet rank of lieutenant-colonel. 

Returning to his home in Newark, Dr. Bromley resumed his 
practice. Pie was surgeon and commandant of the New Jersey Home 
for Disabled Soldiers. He was principal surgeon of St. Barnabas' 
Hospital, and examining sui'geon for pensions, and was an active 
member of several societies in his city and state of a charitable and 
scientitic nature. Pie was a man of amiable and sympathetic nature, 




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Army of the Cumberland. 

an excellent surgeon, a devoted patriot, and an ardent member of this 


CoNKAD. — Born INIay 17, I80O, at AVied-S(3lter.s, Nassau, (Jermany. 
Died .July IG, 1897, at Atlantic City, New Jersey. 

Joseph Conrad was born May 17, 18;)(), in what at that time 
formed part of tiie Duchy of Nassau. His taste for military life de- 
veloped at such an early date that he was, when quite young, placed 
in the Hesse-Darmstadt State INIilitary School, whei-e he distinguished 
liimself and laid the foundation of that knowledge which afierward 
stood him in such invaluable stead. ' 

Fired with the enthusiasm of the youth of that day, he gave up 
his commission in the German army and came to the land of freedom, 
and at the first suggestion of peril to his adopted country's flag volun- 
teered his services for its defense. As captain and soon major of the 
Third jMissouri Volunteers, he gave proof of personal valor at Camp 
Jackson, Carthage, Wilson's Creek, Pea Ridge and Corinth. Major 
Conrad served with the Third Missouri until mustered out in 1802, 
when he was appointed lieutenant-colonel of the l^ifteenth ^Missouri 
A'^olunteers, rising in November of the same year to the rank of 
colonel. His services while commanding this regiment at Perryviile, 
IMurfreesboro, Chickamauga and jMissionary Kidge, are too well known 
to need mention. 

/ During the Atlanta Camj)aign Colonel Conrad commanded a 
brigade of the Army of the Camherland, and " his gallant and merito- 
rious services" throughout this campaign gained for him the brevet of 
brigadier-general of volunteers. 

General Conrad was wounded four times — once in the head at 
Harpeth Shoals, twice at Missionary Ridge and once at Franklin. 
He was district commander of the sub-district of Victoria, Texas, 
until 1866, when he was honorably mustered out of the volunteer 


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In Jlemoriam. 


service. In July of tlie same year be entered tlie regular army as 
captain of the Twenty-ninth Infantry, and in the consolidation of 
1869 was transferred to the Eleventh Infantry. Captain Conrad 
refused to take advantage of the act of Congress retiring officers with 
the highest actual rank they liekl when wounded, and though in con- 
stant and acute pain, served with his regiment on the extreme frontier 
in Texas, Dakota and Montana, until in Oct(jl)er, 1882, he was re- 
tired by a special act of Congress with the rank of coloneh 

After his retirement he made his home in Washington, ^vith the 
bi'ief interval of a three years' trip abroad, when lie embraced the 
opportunity to visit his old home. The last year of his life was sad- 
dened by the death of his wife, from which he never fully rallied. 
After some time spent with his son. Lieutenant Julius T. Conhad, 
Third Cavalry, he was drawn again to Washington; but failing health 
led him to seek a milder climate, and in jNIarcli, 1897, he went to 
Atlantic City, New Jersey. At first the sea breezes seemed to benefit 
him, but the partial paralysis, caused by the thigh wound received at 
jNIissiouary Kidge, grew worse and worse, confining him even more 
<;losely to the house, while the bullet received in his head at Harpeth 
Shoals, and which had never been extracted, caused such mental dis- 
turbances as to finally bafHe the skill of the most prominent brain and 
nerve surgeons and cause him to seek health in a sanitarium. There, 
in imagination, he lived over again the stirring days in which he and 
his comrades of the Army of tlie Cumberland had particnpated. Finally, 
on July 16, 1897, his son and daughter being with him, he calmly fell 
asleep, to enter into that " perfect peace and freedom from all pain," 
the knowledge of which had been denied him on earth, leaving as a 
legacy to his children his valorous deeds, his beautiful character, th.e 
remembrance of his great love and the knowledge that whenever his 
name was mentioned it would be said of him, "The bravest are the 


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Army of the Cumherlaiid. 


Fi.LLKKTON. — Dii'd, siuldenly, in an accident on tlie F^altinioie an<l ()hi(> 
railr(jad near Oakland, Md., March 1!>, 1897, Bkevet 1>1{1(.ai)Ii:k-( i knkkal 
JosKi-n ScoiT I'l'LLKKTON, aged iVl years. 

The (leatli of General Fullehton has removed one of the most 
prominent, popular, and active members of our Society. He was one 
of its organizers at the meeting in February, 18()(S, and at the first 
annual Reunion, in December of that year, he was elected Treasurer, 
and served as such by annual re-election until his death. 

He was one of the leading ])ersonalities at all Reunions. Of 
commanding and striking ap])earance, affable, genial, full of life and 
energy, a good speaker, an excellent story-teller, thoroughly posted in 
our army history, devoted to its fame and its leaders, and with a 
record of enviable service with the most prominent of them, none re- 
ceived a warnjer welcome from his Comrades. 

i*^()t only to his family, but to a wide circle of earnest friends ex- 
tending to all parts of the laud, his ap{)aHing death came as a great 
shock and as a })ersonal sorrow. At the time of his death he was in 
the full vigor of life, with extensive business enterprises on hand, and 
w\is discharging intricate and importaut duties as chairman of the 
Chickaraauga Park Commission. He was instantly killed by pre- 
cipitation into the Youghiogheny River of the car in which he was 
riding, his neck being broken by the fall. Though fully a hundred 
men were engaged in the search for his body, it was not found until 
the twentieth day, and then nine miles from the place of the accident. 
He was buried in the family lot at Chillicothe, friends from all 
sections of the country being present. A delegation from the So- 
ciety, from the Loyal Legion, from the Chicka manga Park Commis- 
sion, the War Department, with his former corps commander, Gen- 
eral Stanley, attended from Washington. 

In Memoriain. 


Gknkral Fullerton was bom in ]885, at Cliillicothe, Ohio. 
He entered iMiarni University, at Oxford, Oliio, at the age of sixteen, 
and gradnated in LS5G. He was suhsecjuently graduated from tlie 
Law Sciiool in Cincinnati in 1858, and in that year settled in St. 
Louis. Upon the opening of the controversies preceding the war he 
warmly espoused the Union cause, taking sides in this matter against 
hirge numbers of his closest friends. In the fall of 1861 he was sec- 
retary of a commission composed of floN. Joskph Hoi/r, Judge 
David Davis and the Hon. H. CAMP]}i:r.L, appointed by President 
Lincoln to investigate the military affairs of the Department of the 
West. He soon resigned in order to entei- the field, but could not 
<lisengage himself from these duties till they were completed in \MV1, 
■when, although oti'ered a commission as major of a Missouri regiment, 
he preferred to enlist as a private, pleading his want of knowledge of 
military afiairs. Li the fall of 1862, at the request of General Gor- 
don Granger, he became an aid upon the staff' of tliat ofhcer, serv- 
ing with him through the campaigns of the Armij of the Ctonberland 
until after the battles about Chattanooga, when he was made assistant 
adjutant-general of the Fourth Army Corps of the Army of the Cum- 
ht'r((()i(l. He had been ])romoied to Chief of Staff, and remained as 
such with Ctenkral Grangkr until the close of the Nashville Cam- 
paign, when he continued to serve in the same capacity with (tkni:ral 
Howard, who was })laced in command of the Fourth Corps. He 
served through the Athmta Campaign, and at its close, upon the per- 
sonal request of General Thomas, he remained witli that portion of 
the Armtj of the CiDuhcrland which returned to Tennessee, and per- 
formed distinguished duty upon the stafl' of that oflicer in the battle 
of Nashville. He had noted records in all the battles of the Ann}/ of 
tlie Cumberland. He was brevetted colonel " for distinguished service 
and gallantry in the Atlanta campaign," and brigadier-genera! "for 
most valuable services and distinguished personal gallantry at the 
battles of Franklin and Nashville." After the war he assisted Gen- 
eral Howaiu) in organizing the Freedmen's Bureau, but very soon 
resigned his army commission. Li 18()r) he was appointed Acting 
Military Secretary by President x\ndrew Johnson, and after a 

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Army of the Cumherlancl. 

tour of inspection of tlie Freednien's Bureau, where lie performed 
most valuable services, he again resigned his commission, and, suc- 
ceeding in having it accepted, he returned to St. Louis. He declined 
the otter of a colonelcy of one of the uew regiments in the regular 
army, otfered hy Pijksidp:nt Johnson, and was subsequently ap- 
])ointed postmaster of St. Louis. He accepted tlds oiHce upon the 
})ersonal request of the President, as it was evitlent that because of 
his distinguished military record and his wide })opularity he could 
he confii'med by the Senate, then in opposition to the President. 
He held this office for two years, when he resigned and began the 
practice of law. In 181)0, at the earnest solicitation of many of his 
friends in the Avmij of iht Ctonberland, he removed from St. J^iouis to 
Washington for the purpose of accepting the chairmanship of the 
Chickaiuauga and Chattanooga National Military Park Commission, 
tendered him by President Hakrison and Hon. Redfield Proc- 
Tou, Secretary of War. He discharged the duties of this important 
ollice with great energy, fidelity and efficiency, and it was while re- 
turning from an official visit to the Chattanooga field that he met his 
untimely fate. 

l[is death transfers one of our best loved names to the fast 
lengthening roll of our distiuiruished dead. 


/ Johnson. — Died at St. Paul, Minnesota, (luite suddenly of pneumonia, 
April 21, 18M7, liKUi.vojKit and Buevet ]\f a.iok-Genkkai, T. S. A., U. W. 

General Johnson was born in Kentucky, and at the time of 
his death was about seventy years of age. He was ajipointed a cadet 
at West Point, July 1, 1844, graduating in July, 1849; was a brevet 
second lieutenant Sixth Lifautry until June 10, 1<S;")0, wdien he was^ 

J<U.' -^ I 

In Memoriani. 


promoted to second lieutenant First Infantry; was appointed in the 
Second Cavalry a first lieutenant, March 3, 1855, and captain in the 
same regiment, December 1, 1856; brigadier-general of volunteers, 
October 10, 18()1 ; major Fourth Cavalry, July 17, 18G2, and retired 
with the rank of major-general, October VI, 18()7, for wounds re- 
ceived in line of duty. 

He was adjutant of the First Infantry, and regimental quarter- 
master of the Second Cavah-y. After organization in 1855, the Second 
Cavalry — then commanded by Albert Sidney Johnston, who was 
killed leading the Confederate army at Shiloh — marched to Texas. 
Lieutenant Johnson marched with this command from Jefferson 
Barracks, Missouri, to Fort Mason, Texas. He was then regimental 
quartermaster of the regiment, and in this capacity, and subsecjuently 
as captain commanding a troop, he served at the old military posts 
of Forts jMason and Belknap, Camps Colorado, Coo})ei- and liade- 
luinski. During this time he had several engagements with Comanche 
Indians, in one of which, on the headwaters of the Concho, he de- 
feated the Indians with severe loss to them, capturing their horses 
and cam}), and rescuing a Mexican prisoner from them. He partici- 
l)ated in the disastrous defeat of the Comanches at the Wichita vil- 
lages, October 1, 1858. Again defeated an Indian raiding [)arty near 
Kickapoo Creek, February 18, 18()(). He accoiupanied the expedition 
commanded by Major (Jeorge II. Thomas, in 1800, to the head- 
waters of the Concho and Colorado Rivers. During the period 
covered by this service, Cartain Johnson was repeatedly commended 
and complimented in general orders from ihe War De})artment and 
the Department of Texas. He was serving with his troop at Fort 
Mason, Texas, when, in .Mai'ch, 18()1, the troops in Texas were sur- 
rendered by General Twigos, and Johnson and his troop marched 
to Indianola and sailed to New York, thence by rail to Carlisle Bar- 
racks, Pennsylvania. The war had now fairly commenced, and Cap- 
tain Johnson joined General Patterson in his Shenandoah Cam- 
paign. In August, Johnson was allowed a leave of absence to ac- 
cept the lieutenant-colonelcy of the Third Kentucky Cavalry, and 


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Army of the Cicniherlatid. 

served with this fine regiment until October lltli, when he was ap- 
pointed a brigadier-general of volunteers. He conunanded a l)rigade 
in Buell's army on the march through Tennessee, but was prostrated 
with fever at Columbia, Tennessee, and did not take part in the bat- 
tle of Shiloh. Tie commanded a cavalry brigade in Bukll'.s retrograde 
march to Louisville, and at Gallatin, August '28, 1862, was defeated 
by the Confederate cavalry and taken prisoner. Being exchanged, he 
was appointed to the command of a division and fought at Stone's 
Kiver. lie was in the Tullahoma Campaign, and at Liberty Gap his 
division rendered galhint service. At Chickaniauga, his division in 
the fust day's fight drove the rebels, and captured seven pieces 
of their artillery. lie was engaged in the defense of Chattanooga, 
and at the battle of jNIissionary Ridge his division was one of the four 
divisions of the Army of the Ciimherland which simultaneously arrived 
at the crest of the ridge and stormed the rebel defense, inflicting a 
disastrous and lasting defeat u})on the rebel army. Gioneral John- 
son's division took part in all the engagements of the army on the 
Atlanta Campaign until the battle of New Hope (/hurch, when he was 
wounded by a shell, lie remained in command of his division until 
August 22d, when he was obliged to retire from the field. When suf- 
ficiently recovered, General Sherman a{)pointed hini chief of cavalry 
of the jNFilitary Division of the INlississippi, but when the " mai-ch to 
the sea" started, General Johnson rep(jrted to Geni:ral TiiOMAs, 
who assigned him to a division of cavalry. At the battle of Nashville, 
General Thomas highly complimented him for his skill and dash in 
co-o{)erating with Lh-^utenant-Commander Fitch, commanding the 
gun-boats, in promptly driving the rebels out of their batteries upon 
the Cumberland River. After the battle of Nashville, he was put in 
command of the district of Middle Tennes.see, and exercised this 
command until mustered out of the volunteer service, January IT), 

In ^^arch, 18G7, he was retired as major-general, which was re- 
duced to brigadier-general by act <>f Congress, ]\[arch .'5, 1875, he not 
having lost a leg or arm in the service. 

Johnson wrote a manual for Colt's breech-loadinic arms, and an 

In Mernorlain. 


excellent memoir of Gknkhal George H. Thomas, He was pro- 
fessor of military science in the State University (tf INIissonri, and 
also of tiie State University of Minnesota. He was an active business 
man and at a litne very successful, but in the depression of real estate, 
and the hard times of the last four years, he suffered grievous losses. 
He was a man among men; big in stature, he was big of heart and 
mind ; always cheerful, always hopeful, he inspired hope and faith in 
his command, and having led a life of wonderful variety and activity 
he yielded up his spirit with a Hrm faith in Christ Jesus, and the re- 
surrection of the dead. 


Mt'Ciu:Eu\. - Died at Flint, Michigan, Deceuiber U, 189(j, P>im:vet I^kiga- 
DiEit-CiKNEUAi^ William B. McCueeky, Colonel Tvventy-lirst .Michigan 
Volunteer Infantry. 

General Wieeiam B. McCreery was born in Mount INIorris, 
State of New York, August 27, 1836, ami came to the State of 
Michigan with his parents in 18.'>9, passing his boyhood in the then 
village of I'lint, and early displaying those qualities of leadership 
and good fellowship which so signally distinguished him later in life, 
and which earned him so large a circle of friends. After finishing 
his school life, young McCreery prepared himself for and was ad- 
mitted as a member of the bar; but l)efore doing much as an attorney 
the breaking out of the war occurred, and he was among the first to 
otfer his services, enlisting INIay 25, 18G1, as a sergeant in Company E, 
Second INIichigan Infantry. His ability and natural force of character 
soon put him to the front, and we find him commissioned as captain 
September 10, 1801. 

That he was in truth a captain is fully demonstrated by the fact 
of three wounds received in the one l)attle of Williamsburg, Ya. 
(May 5, 1802), any one of which would have been sufficient to have 




Army of the Cumberland. 

sent a les.s brave and determined leader to the rear. On his recovery 
from these wounds, the hite Governor Blaih, our revered war 
governor, quick to recognize and appreciate merit, commissioned 
Captain ^IcCkeery as Lieutenant-Coh)nel of the Twenty-first 
Michigan Infantry (November 20, 1(SB2), and ordered him to his new 
regiment tlien at or near Nashville, Tennessee, and a portion of 
" Sill's l^rigade" of fighting Phil. Sheridan's division. He at once 
made himself the virtual commander of the regiment — the colonel 
being incapacitated by sickness, and soon after resigning. After only 
about a niontii with his new command, he was called npon to take 
niore than an ordinary part in the battle of Stone's River (December 
31, 18(52, January 1, 2 and 3, 18G3), after the preliminary small en- 
gagements at Lavergne on the 27th, and Steward's Creek on the 29th, 
Sheridan's division saving the Union Army from untold disaster, our 
late C'ompanion with his regiment contributing his full share, and 
earning especial mention for gallantry in the report of his commander, 
the kite General I^hil. Sheridan. 

" Draper's History of the War," in its story of the battle, has 
this reference: "He (Rosecrans) must establish a new line. The 
l)ossibiHty of doing this — the fate of the battle — rested on Sheridan." 
IjIEUtenant-Colonel McCreery was soon afterward made full col- 
onel (February 3, 18()3), and with his regiment participated in the 
ailvance of Rosecrans which terminated so abruptly in the terrible 
battle of Chickamauga (September RJth, 20th, 21st), in which our 
gallant Comrade, wliile rushing to the assistance of his stricken brigade 
commander, was himself shot down by no less than three rebel bullets, 
and, in the whirl of Sheridan's division to the rear, was left for dead 
upon the fRdd ; but there was work yet for IMcCreery. He was 
not dead, but badly wounded, and taken prisoner. Of his trip to 
Libby Prison, his life there, and his final escape through the famous 
"tunnel," he has left us a vivid account in his paper on this 
subject. Colonel jMcCreery soon rejoined his regiment at Chat- 
tanooga, and was with it for a few months, it being detailed on 
garrison and engineer duty. There again his natural ada2)tability 

In Memoriani 


showed itself. Whetlier building a bridge, running a saw mill, buiKl- 
ing a hospital or a fort, he seemed as much at home as when drilling 
his rey:iment or leadinjr them under tire. For several months, (.'oL- 
ONEL JNIcCkkkky was in command of the brigade. Upon the advance 
of SfiEHMAN to Atlanta and the proposed march to the sea, Colonkl 
JNlcCREKm' was constrained by his enfeebled condition, resulting from 
the six wounds and his life in l^ibby Prison, and by the positive orders 
of his surgeons to resign his command, September 14, 1864, and 
he went home to die. How he was regarded by Ids superiors, 
the "General Order" of that grand old Koman, Majok-General 
George H. Thomas, among other things, says: "In accepting 
the resignation of Colonel McCreery, the general commanding 
takes occasion to exjiress his high appreciation of the soldierly 
qualilies and ever faithful discharge of duty which have ever charac- 
terized Coloni:l McCreery's actions." But the gallant colonel did 
not die; there was more for him to do. 

On his return home, he became actively engaged in business — 
lumber, real estate, and mercantile — but never resumed his legal pro- 
fession. He was soon called to take position in public life, and filled 
the ofHces of (collector of internal i-evenue and state treasurer, besides 
serving as mayor of his home city and various other local positions. 
His last public service was as United States Consul at Valparaiso, 
Chili, during the stormy time of the Balmaceda rebellion, and if a 
chapter of unwritten history could be told by one of our brightest 
naval commanders, we would learn that the commandant of the City 
of Valparaiso was pointedly informed by the United States Consul, 
and the commander of the United States war vessel then in the harbor, 
that if reparation was not made at once f )r certain attacks on some 
United States seamen, that " their town ivould be hlown d-ij high." That 
the city is still there is evidence that the matter was adjusted. The 
incident was characteristic of the num. The colonel was, however, 
obliged to retire from active participation in ])ublic life, and passed his 
last year or two in tlie enjoyment of a well-earned rest surrounded by 
his family and hosts of friends, realizing that the rebel lead still in 


.:■ -(ii 

'J H'H. ■' 

, IJ» 


/ -'ijji; , 


:■• • J-:, r ; •: 

■ , ,,. 

1 j 



Army of tJte Cwniberland. 

his body was slowly but surely doing its deadly work. So closed, 
on the 9th day of December, 1896, the earthly career ot* our loved 
Companion, leaving a record we are proud of, an honor to our state 
and country, and his history a choice heritage to leave to our suc- 
cessors. As a genial Companion, a public spirited man, a generous, 
warm-hearted gentleman, Colonel jMcCkeehy had few ecpials. He 
will long be missed by his friends and ac(juintances ; few, indeed, 
among us will be so missed or mourned, and fesver still so deserving 
of it. 


PicKANDs.—Born, I)ecem])er 15, 1S:]0, at Akron, ().;.died, July 15, lSi)6, 
at Cleveland, Ohio. 

The f(jllowing tribute to Colonel Pickands is adopted from the 
memorial of the Ohio Commandery, MiHtarij Order of the Loyal 
Legion : 

James Pickands came to Cleveland with his father's family in 
J 854. After two years in the })ublic schools, he entered the employ 
of- Samuel Payimond, mei'chant, on Superior street, as cashier, and 
afterward served in a like capacity with Kendall tt Co, where the 
breaking out of the war found him. Pie had been a member of the 
Cleveland Grays for two years, and, as a corporal, went with his com- 
])any at the first call for three months' troops, April 16, 1(S61. The 
Grays were mustered into the First Pegiment, O, V. L, as E Com- 
pany, under Colonel A. McDowell McC'ook. He was promoted 
to sergeant, and again to first sergeant, at the battle of Vienna, and 
with his ciunmaud participated in the battle of First Bull Pun. 

He was mustered out at the expiration of his term of service. 
IL^ was commissioned a caj)tain of Company K, Eighty-fourth O. V. 
I., three months' service, June, 1862, in which capacity he performed 
service at Cumberland, ^[d., and was mustered out at the expiration 

M"S^- ',--''^'' 

>■■ ,:-m) 


\f ••.|VT?>r 

In Memoriam. 


of three months. He was coniniissioned major, One lliiiidred and 
Twenty-fourth O. V. I., three years' troops, October 21, 1802, and 
served under General Gilbert at Nashville and Franklin in 18()o^ 
and with the ri<i;ht wino; of Rosecrans' army under General Hazen. 
He was also in the campaign and battles at Chattanooga. He was 
commissioned lieutenant-colonel January 1, LSb'], and commanded the 
regiment at Brown's Ferry and the l)rigade at Mission Ridge. He 
was in the campaign of Knoxville and East Tennessee with tlie First 
]5rigade, Second Division, Fourth Army Corps; with Sherman's 
army in the Atlanta Campaign and battles of Buzzards' Roost, Resaca, 
Dallas, l^Jckets' INIills; wounded severely at New Hope Ciuirch in 
leading an assault against General Pat. Clei5URNe'8 division; re- 
turned and took command of his regiment at Atlanta; commissioned 
colonel, and commanded his regiment at the battle of Fraidvlin and 
Nashville and pursuit of Hood's army to Tennessee River. He was 
then on post duty with his regiment at Nashville, and, with his regi- 
ment, was ordered to Clevehmd for muster out at the close of the war. 

In all of the commands with which lie was connected, he was a 
general favorite, and his soldierly qualities attracted attention. While 
a non-commissioned officer, he was very proficient in company drill, 
and in tlie manual of arms was considered superior to any one in his 
regiment. As a company officer, he was beloved by his men, and he 
always looked out for their comfort and welfare. He was an ideal 
Held officer and regimental comnuindei', and always insisted upon his 
men having the best the quaitermaster and commissary afforded. 
While considerate and prudent for the safety of his command, when 
duty demanded, he would hold his lines to the severest work and 
greatest exposure by his soldierly firmness and determined bravery. 
There was no service so fatiguing nor persomd suffering so intense as 
to wring from him the slightest complaint. 

His cheei'fulnesi under adverse circumstances was such an exam- 
ple to his officers and men that they bore the hardships of camp and 
field as only heroes can. His self-control was so great that he would 
not call attention to his battle wounds until others under his charge, 

>!.' v'.t 


Army of the Camherland. 

likewise aftiicted, were attended to, and tlien in such a modest and 
uncomplaining manner as not to cause solicitude. 

Upon the close of the war, the Colonel entered the employ of 
Clevfxand, Brown & Co., iron merchants, and, after two years' 
service, he removed to Marquette, ^Michigan, where, with Jay C. 
IMoRSE, he established the house (tf James Pickands & Co., dealers 
in heavy hardware and mining supplies. There he mairied the 
daughter of John Outhwaite, by whom he had tliree sons, who sur- 
vive him. He was mayor of the City of iMarcpiette two terms, and 
was always active in the promotion of the iron industries of that 

Upon the loss of his wife in 1881, he removed to Cleveland, and, 
with Samuel ^Father, established the house of Tickands, ^Iatiier 
tt Co., and built up an extensive trade in iron, iron ore, and trans- 
portation, which is still carried on. In 1887, he married iNIi^s Seville 
Hanna, of Cleveland, who survives him. 

In private life, he was every thing that was noble in manhood, 
gentle as a girl in manner, modest and unassuming, but steady as a 
rock in danger or troul)le. 

As a citizen, he was always patriotic and public-spirited, and ever 
ready to aid, either with his influence or ))uise, whatever project was 
clearly for the benefit of the community. He had no inclination for 
})oliiical position, but was willing to serve in {)ositions of public trust, 
•M\(\ when he consented to have his name ])roposed for one of the 
Cleveland Soldiers' IMonuuient commissioners, he was unanimously 
elected. He was a cheerful and liberal giver for all worthy objects, 
and expressed his thanks in the most sincere manner to the friend 
who called upon him for a subscription to a fund that in his opinion 
merited encouragement. The poor and unibrtunate were ever his 
charge, and the memoranda that were found in his desk, of worthless 
loans to Comrades who were eager to start in business or needed 
financial aid, and ai)plied to him for assistance, also to unfortunate 
old soldiers, were many, and in some instances for considerable 

In social life, he was always a center around which congenial 

^ •, rl-) 

In Menxoriam. 14'^ 

frieuds delighted to congregate, altliougb there was never an apparent 
effort to attract attention. There was sometliing about his unselfish, 
generous nature that made his companionship desirable. 

In business life, he showed sagacity and fearlessness, and his 
career was marked with a large degree of success. He was a man 
who shunned no danger or disaster, and shared his properity with the 
less fortunate. 

His departure from our presence was unexpected, and the an- 
nouncement of his deatii brought forth expressions of deep sorrow 
from all who had the good fortune to be counted as friends and 
acquaintances. To those who were near to liim, his presence will be 
missed constantly, and they will find it hard to i-ealiz(^ that he is gone 
beyond recall. We shall miss him throughout the restof our journey, 
and shall hope to see him again when in Heaven the roll-call of tl)e 
heroes is read. 


Koi'KH.— Died at Kockford, Illinois, February o, 1S^)7, Geoiuho Stevexs 
1\ofi:k, late Cai)tain and Commissary of Subsistence and Brevet IMajor of 
VohmttHTs, aged 05 years, days. 

George Stevens Roper was born in \Vorcester county, INIassa- 
chuselts, on January 28, 1832. He was a lineal descendant of King 
Philip, of the Pequods, and from that ancestral source may have in- 
herited the strong patriotism and intense love of fieedom which 
always characterized him. While yet a lad his parents removed to 
Western Pennsylvania, and in that part of the country he grew to 
young manhood with such advantages for education as the schools of 
the neighborhood afforded. At the age of eighteen he took upon 
himself the serious duties of life as a teacher in the common schools 
of Pennsylvania, and later became a clerk in the mercantile business. 
In 18r)4 he removed to Springfield, Illinois, later to Alton, and in 
1859 returned to Springfield, engaging in the same business. It was 



Army of the Cumberland. 

ill Springfield that Major Roper learned to know and enthusiastically 
admire Abraham Lincoln, and in tiie crisis of 18(10 threw himself 
with indomitable energy into the presidential campaign, influencing 
multitudes by his charm of manner and his gift of song. When tlie 
cloud of war descended in 18()1, Major Roper hastened to place 
himself at the disposal of the government. His first service was as 
clerk in the commissary department of the State of Illinois. While 
serving in that capacity he made the acquaintance of General 
Ulysses S. Grant, who was then captain in the service of the state. 
When General Grant was commissioned colonel, he received orders 
to jH'oceed at once into Missouri, and asked Major Ropi::r to acconi- 
pany him as acting commissary of the regiment. On their return, 
(iEXERAL Grant oH'ered to })rocure him a commission as captain and 
commissary of subsistence in the army. jMajor Roper accepted with 
thanks, and soon after, on September 9, 18(51, received his commis- 
sion and was ordered by the War Department to re})ort to General 
Siii:rman at L(juisville, Kentucky. General Sherman ordered him 
to report to General CJeorge H. Thomas for assignment to duty. 
jMeeting General Grant later on, he was asked liow it happened 
that he did not report to him on receiving his commission. The 
major informed General GiiANT that he was ordered to re})ort to 
GiCNERAL Sherman by the War Dej^artment. General Gi.'ant 
then asked him if he would accept a position on his staff; but not 
considering the change advisable at that time, he told General 
Grant that if the opportunity came later he would gladly accept. 
From that time until the war closed. Major Roper participated in 
all the marches and campaigns in which the immediate command of 
Gj:neral Gi:oroe H. Thomas took any part. He continued to serve 
on the personal staff of Generaf. Thomas until after the battle of 
Murfreesboro, when he was assigned first to the stalf of (ji:neral 
JoiLN ^[. ScHOFn:Li), then to that of General James B. Steedman, 
and later to tiiat of General J. M. Brannan. On May 24, ]8()4, 
by the order of General Sherman, he was assigned to duty on the 
military railroads, with heachpiarters at Nashville, Tennessee, and was 
thereafter under ti»e immediate command of General I). C. McCal- 

In JJemoriam. 145 

LUM. Nashville at that time was the most important post and depot of 
supplies for the Army of the Cumherlandy and a large number of offi- . | 

€ers, of the commissary and quartermaster's departments especially, ^^^ 

were on duty there. His genial and whole-souled manner soon made ■ .' 

him a general favorite with them all, and those that still survive will J.^ 

always tliink of him as one of the brightest and wittiest of that circle. t- 

In January, 18G2, Captain Ropek was brevetted major and commis- 
sary of subsistence, and his military services were rendered under that 
rank until January '28, 18i)0, when he was mustered out. He re- 
turned at once to his home and engaged in business, first at St. Louis, 
then at Alton, and finally located at Kockford, Illinois, where in 1880 
he organized the Manufacturers and Merchants' jMutual Insurance 
Company, and as secretary of that corporation conducted with great 
i^uccess its business affairs until the day of his death. Major Ropeh 
was always an eutluisiastic member of the Grand Army of tJie Iiepublio 
from the time of its orgaidzation until his death, and was one of the 
staif of Colonel John A. Lawler when he was commander-in-chief 
He was also a companion of the Loyal Legion, Commandery of tiie 
State of Illinois. ]\Iajor Uoper was one of the earliest members of 
the Society of the Army of the Ciu)d>erland, and very active at all the 
meetings. Personally a most kindly, lovable nature, his genial s}>irit, 
his boundless sympathy, his perfect loyalty to country and to fi-iends, 
can never be forgotten by the Comrades who knew him so well. He 
was the life and soul of many a meeting — his gift of song, so heartily 
appreciated, moving to tears or to laughter according to the merry or 
tender mood of the singer. Major Koper was in ill health f )r about 
two years, and died at 2:80 o'clock on the morning of Febi'uary 3, 

The following tribute to Colonel Roper was prepared for 
l)resentation at the fall meeting of the Fire Underwriters* Associa- 
tion of the Northwest : 

George Stevens Roper was born on a farm near Worcester, 
Massachusetts, on January 28, 1832. 


• :• '-, .Tin?.: 


»Ari}vy of the Cumberland. 

When a boy, liis parents moved to Western Pennsylvania, and 
there he grew from youtli to early manliood witli such limited ad- 
vantages for education as that part of ihe country aHorded. lie was 
a hard-working hoy, and nearly every night, by the aid of a tallow 
candle, was studying his books, and thus kept in advance of his class. 

When eighteen years old, he had so mastered the rudimentary 
branches that the school trustees employed him as a teaclier in the 
public school. Here he improved the opportunity lor study and won 
the esteem of the business men. When Ins term expired, he was em- 
ployed as a clerk in the country store, which position he retained 
until 18r)4, when he removed to S{)ringfiel(l, Illinois, and became a 
clerk and bookd-ceeper in one of the largest and best-known dry goods 
stores in Central Illinois. 

Hooks were his best friends; his leisure hours were spent in the 
public library, and he soon became the secretary of the Springfield 
Library Association, in which capacity he became personally ac- 
quainted with a host of distinguished men, who made the capitol 
of Illin(»is famous as a resort for many of the greatest men ol" this 

In ]8()1, when President Lincoln issued his first call for troops, 
he, by request of Governor Yates, entered the service of the State 
of Illinois, and on SejUember i), 18('>1, was commisssioned a captain 
and comnnssary of subsistence in the Union army, and rejiorted for 
duty to General George H. Thomas, at Crab Orchard, Kentucky. 
From that time until the close of the war, he })articipated in all the 
inarches and canq)aigns in which the troops under the immediate coni- 
nuind of General Thomas took a part. After the battle of Mur- 
freesboro, he was assigned to the stafi' of General Schofield, then 
to that of General Steedman, and later to that of General 

Gn JNIay !M, 18(54, he was, l)y the order of General Shi:kma\, 
assigned to duty on the military railroads centering in Nashville, 
Tennessee, and was thereafter under the immediate command of Gen- 
eral ]M(;Callum. 

In January, 18()1^, for conspicuous and meritorious conduct, he 


In Memorlam. IJ^l 

was breveted major and commissary of subsistence, and his military 
service was rendered under that rank until he was honorably mustered 
out, January 28, 186fi. 

Tiie war »)ver, he returned to his home in Springlield. His first 
engagement was as clerk in a store in St. Louis, Missouri, which posi- 
tion he retained until he moved to Alton, Illinois, and engaged in 
the insurance business. For several years he traveled extensively 
throughout the West as special agent and adjuster, and was very 
favorably known to most of the field force of the insurance fraternity. 

In Sei)tember, 1881, he was elected secretary of the Manu- 
facturers and jMerchants' Mutual Insurance ('ompany, of Rockford, 
Illinois, where he assumed, and successfully maintained, the general 
management of that corporation until called to that "Land beyond 
the Kiver" where he has found a "Sweet forever," and will "King 
the Golden Bells for you and me." He had for many years been an 
honored luember of this Association, and took great interest and pleas- 
ure in attending its meetings. 

" We shall meet, but we sliall miss him, 
There will be one vacant chaii'." 

He died at Rockford, Illinois, February l>, 180(). The finieral 
services wei'e held in the Church of the Christian Lni(jn, I\i:v. 
Thomas Kerr officiating. The church was well fiikMl long before tlie 
hour of the service. There were friends from distant cities; a special 
car was run from Chicago containing delegates froni the different 
Masonic bodies, from the Millfary Onler of iheLoiidl Lecfioii, from the 
a rand Army of tJie Jicpiiblic, and from members of this Association. 
The suiroundiiig towns and counti'yside contril)uted many who had 
felt the influence of a blameless life, and who felt the loss of the 
kindly, big-hearted man to be a personal one. Not one-tenth of those 
who who desired to hear the services could get in, the church beinij 
crowded to suffocation. Never, in the history of that beautiful city, 
has there been a tribute so genuine, so general and so affecting ))aid 
any citi/en who has been called away from earthly scenes. He was 



Army of tlie Citrnherland. 

buried with military and with Masonic honors in the cemetery near 
that city. 

In the passing of Major Roper, the social, industrial, commer- 
cial, civic, and religious interests of the day have sustained a great 
loss. In each of these relations, he bore a conspicuous and beneficent 
part. His death was indeed to multitudes of this country as a per- 
sonal bereavement. 

A man of uniform kindliness, courtesy and generosity ; in business, 
able, experienced and honorable; in friendship, unselfish, unfaltering 
and enthusiastic; from childhood and youth well beloved in word 
and deed, ever true to his mental, moral and religious convictions ; 
thus. Major Roper rose high in the respect and confidence of all 
with whom he came in contact, endearing himself in an ever-widening 
intimacy. Let his name be held in lasting, grateful fuemory ! 

This Association desires to keep his name in enduring remem- 
brance, and to assure his family of its deep sympathy in their loss. 


Sinclair. — Died suddenly of apoplexy at Uochester, N. Y., January 
11, LS97, Brevet LieutenaxVt-Colonel ^^'lLLIAM ITkxuv Sinclair, ,Major 
ami Adjutant-ljleneral United States Army, and Adjutant-lu'neral of the 
Fourth Cor}.)s Anny of (Ite (Jtniibirland. 

Colonel Sinclair was born near Akron, Ohio, of Scottish 
parents. In early life his parents moved to Jamesville, Michigan, 
where the boy grew to be a man, his only college the public school of 
his village. On the farm, owned by his father, he did his full share 
of hard work, and in 18(U, he being full grown, strong and comely, 
enlisted, and was duly drilled as a private in C!on)pany C, Seventh 
Michigan Infantry. This regiment was sent to Washington, and for 
a time stationed on the Potomac, where Private Sinclair walking 
his silent sentry's post at night reported when relieved, "All cjuiet 



In Menioriain. I4O 

iiloug the Potomac." But Sinclair was too bright a youth to remain 
long a private ; he was a corporal, sergeant and sergeant-major in rapid 
succession, and September 7th was appointed second lieutenant in 
Dee's Third Michigan Battery. 

This battery was attached to Stanley's division, Armij of the Mis- 
dmppl, operating on the Mississippi River, and commanded by General 
John Pope. A division ordnance officer being necessary Lieutenant 
Sinclair was detailed for tiuit duty, and was so efficient tiiat when 
Captain Dean Colkman, adjutant-general of tlie division, was killed 
at the battle of Corinth, Lieutenant Sinclair was the natural suc- 
cessor to his place, and upon the recommendation of his division com- 
inaniler, approved by GenePvAL Rosecrans, he was ai)pointed captain 
and adjutant-general. 

In liis experience of this year, 18()2, he had done his full share 
in the siege and capture of Island No. 10; in the advance upon and 
capture of Corinth, in the battle of luka, and in the battle of Corinth. 

Being ti-ansferred to the Army of the (Jui)ibeiiaiid when GknePvAL 
Rosecrans took command, Sinclair became adjutant-general of the 
cavalry of the Armi/ of the Ciunhedand, and ^vas from henceforth a 
prominent officer of that army until the last man was mustered out 
of service. His first service in this army was in re-organizing the 
cavalry, which was only partly completed when the battle of Stone's 
River, or jNIurfreesboro. occurred. Sinclair was ever nearest to 
where fighting was going on, an<l to see his bright and cheerfid face 
lighted up with the excitement of a charge in prospect, or accom- 
plished, was as good as a re-enforcement of a whole regiment. 

His activity anil bi'ighlness, his bravery and enter})rise in the 
field were duly supplemented by his systematic administration in his 
office. Neat himself in his dress, and graceful in his handwriting, he 
inculcated order and neatness, and without undue conceit. I doubt if 
any set of records were turned in at the end of tlie war so neat as 
those of the Fourth Corps. 

In all the glorious deeds of that corps, from Rocky Face Ridge to 
Atlanta, facing Hood's invasion of Tenness(^.e, at Spring Hill, at 
Franklin and Nashville, Sinclair was the ever-wakeful, vigilant and 

•" '->. I , , :;i :.j •!,' . 

ii y ' ■ r- ■ ■■■■■' '*^ >^ ■ 

! :*)■ lU 7k 

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'■ : r 

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Arjny of the Ciimherlaiid. 

useful officer. I doubt if a more thorougli staff officer was developed 
anywhere in our armies during our Civil War. 

After Nashville, the war ended in Tennessee, aud upon Lee's sur- 
render the Fourtli Corps was ordered to Texas to bring pressure to 
bear upon ^MAXEMiLErAN. Sinclair accompanied the corps, and 
liking the country and the people he made this his home, and raised 
a family, and built up a [)roHtablc business in (Jalveston, the city of 
liis adoption. 

Being a staunch republican he soon became a leader in his party ; 
was elected to the Legislature and was Speaker of the House of Rep- 
resentatives, but he soon tired of political life, and although he held 
the position of collector of internal revenue and postmaster of Galves- 
ton, he never again sought any elective office. He was essentially a 
business man ; was a long time })resident of the street railway com- 
pany, which he itnproved from .several little impoverished corporations, 
with rickety tracks and cars drawn by little rats of mules, until he 
gave Galveston the best street railway system in Texas. 

In business, as in soldiering, Sinclair was thorough, active, 
cheerful, gracious. No one ever saw Sinclair gloomy, few ever saw 
him in ill humor. He lived far from our places of meeting, and yet 
we many times saw his happy face and heard his merry laugh at our 
Keunions. His wife, an admirable lady, and model wife and mother, 
whom he married in the middle of the war, died a year and a half be- 
fore the colonel's death. 

He died in harness; as suddenly as if struck by the cannon shot 
he had so often faced. He was cut down by apoplexy wdiile busy 
working up a railway problem. His three sons, Harry, TjOuis and 
Stanley, are all grown, the latter nineteen years old. They are tine 
boys, and give promise of being worthy of a noble father. 

In Mernoriain. 151 

SEND, U. S. A. 

Tlie Committee on Memoirs luis received the following tribute to 
General Townsend from the office of the ii<ljiitant-general of the 
♦State of New York, diued Albany, September 11, 1897: 

General Frederick Townsend, of this city, departed this life 
to-day at his summer home of Luzerne. 

General Townsend entered the military service of the State in 
1855, as captain of an independent company, to-day Company B of 
the Tenth Battalion, and was appointed colonel of the Seventy-sixth 
Keoiinent, Militia, August 21, 1850. 

He was promoted to be adjutant-general of the state, January 1, 
1857, and re-ai)[)()inted January 1, 1859. During those two terms of 
service, the practical and serviceable re-organization of the uniformed 
militia of the state was effected mainly through his well-directed 

Immediately upon leaving the office of adjutant-general, he be- 
came the captain of a new company, the present Company A of the 
Tenth Battalion. 

At the breaking out of the War of the Rebellion, he was active 
in organizing volunteers, and became colonel of the Third Regiment 
of Volunteer Infantry, which regiment he took to the field, and in 
command of which he took part in the engagement at Big l^ethel, Va., 
June 10, 18G1. 

/ Subsequently, he resigned the colonelcy of this regiment and 
accepted the appointment of major of the Eighteenth U. S. Infantry, 
and was engaged for some time in mustering volunteers in the LJniled 
States service. In August, 1861, he joined his regiment, which was 
being organized at Columbus, Ohio, and with its Second Battalion 
took the field in December, 1861 ; commanding this battalion and at 
times the two battalions of the regiment iu the field, he took part in 
the skirmish at Pea Ridge, Miss.; the siege of Corinth, Miss.; the 

) ; H - 

. ; -in'; fh,;- 

■■ i ',:'! 'io '^' :■:•.. «■•'-/' ii'«": i '" . '•' ^i'"> 

^}! in U: 


Army of the Cjunherland. 

\\. >'■ 

.«kirnii>li near 8prini:fiel(l, Ky.; the battles of Perryville, Ky., and 
IMurfVeesboro, Tenn.; and the .skirmish at, Eagleville, Tenn. Shortly 
after the l)att!e of ]\rurfrpesl)()r(), Genkkal Uosecrans selected him 
to carry his report of, and colors captured in, that battle to Washin<;- 
ton. Later in 1863, he was appointed acting assistant ])rov()St marshal 
general, an<l placed in cliarge of the northern district of this state. 
October 20, ]8()4, he was promoted t(» lieutenant-colonel in the Ninth 
U. 8. Infantry, and March 26, 1868, he resigned from the legular 
army. For his services during the war, the Piesident and Senate ap- 
pointed him lieutenant-colonel in the United States aiiny by brevet 
for gallant and meriti>rious service at the battle of Mnrfreesboro ; 
colonel United States army by brevet ^<n' meritorious and faithful 
service in the recruitment of the armies of the Ignited States, and 
brigadier-general United States army by brevet for faithful and meri- 
torious services diii-ing the war. 

He re-entered the military service of the state as brigadier-gen- 
eral of the Ninth Brigade, July 2, 1878, and January 1, 1880, was 
for the third time appointed adjutant-general of the state, holding 
this office until December 81, 1882. During these thi-ee years, he 
continued the work and plan conceived by him in 1<S57, wisely le- 
duced the strength of the National Guard, estai)lished a permanent 
camp of instruction, and procured a state uniform for the troops, lay- 
ing by his — often unaided — efforts the foundation for the present 
efficiency of the National Guard. 

Genkkai. TowN8t:NL)'s name has been for years and svill continue 
to be a household word in the military family of the state, the highest 
renown that can be awarded to liis work, which has alieady borne 
such satisfactory fruit. 

The BacUe. 153 



Badge of the Army of the Cuinherlaiid. 


IIkadc^uakters Department of the Cumbekland, 

, Nashville, Tenn., Ju)ie 19, 1^65. 
General Orders, "^ 

No. 41. j 

At a meeting of the officers and enlisted men of the Army of the 
Ciinihcrlaml, serving in this vicinity, held at the Headquarters of the 
Artillery command of the Fourth Army Corps, on Saturday, June lOth 
inst., f)r the purpose of considering the propriety of adopting a badge 
to signalize and perpetuate the history of the Army of the Cumberland, 
it was unanimously agreed to adopt such a badge, and the following 
officers were appointed a committee to report a design for the same : 

Brevet Brigadier-General J. L. Donaldson, Chief Quarter- 
master Department of the Cumberland; 

Brevet Brigadier-General E. Opdycke, Commanding Brigade, 
Fourth Corps ; 

Brevet Colonel W. H. Greenwood, Assistant Inspector-General, 
Fourth Corps; 

Lieutenant-Colonel W. L. Foulke, Forty-sixth Pennsylvania 
Volunteer Infantry ; 

Captain K. H. Litson, Twenty-second Indiana Volunteer In- 


Army of the Cumberland. 

On motion, the following preamble and resolutions were then 
adopted : 

WiiEKKAS, Many of the soldiers of the Arm^ of the Cumherland 
are about to abandon the profession of arms, and a(i:ain mingle in the 
peaceful pursuits of home — 

Resolved, That, in parting with each other, we do so with 
niingled feelings of sorrow, sadness, and pride ; sorrow, because 
iVicnds, bound together by ties formed on many battle fields, must 
part; sadness, at turning our backs upon the thousands of fresh-made 
graves of our brave Comrades; and pride, because it has been our 
good fortune to be numbered among the members of the Army of 
the Cumherhind, and have each done his part in proving to the 
world that republics have the ability to maintain and perpetuate 

I ! 

Jiesolved, That in parting, we do as we have many times done 
in the face of the enemy, renew our pledges of unending fidelity to 
each other; and that, in wdiatever position in life we may happen to 
be, we will never permit our affections to be estranged from those who 
continue to fight our battles, but that we will sustain and defend them 
at all times and in all proper places. 

Jiesolredy That the following named persons, and none others, are 
authorized to wear the badge of the Annt/ of tlie Cmnhevkuid: 

I. All soldiers of that army now in service and in good standing. 

II. All soldiers who formerly belonged to that army, and have 

received honorable discharges from the same, 


Resolved, That any soldier of the Anmj of the (Aimhevland, who is 

now entitled to wear the badge of the army, who may hereafter be 

dishonorably dismissed the service, shall by such discliarge forfeit the 

right to wear such badge. 

Re.^olved, That we exhort all members of the Armu of the Cumber- 
land to discountenance any attem])t on the part of any unauthorized 

,\. ;:.!.. -:)ir>- 


■• ;;<*•;. ^' ti 

The BacUe. 155 

persons to arrogate to themselves honor to which they are not entitled, 
by wearing oin- badge. 

The Badge Committee then invited all to send in designs, and 
announced tliat the Committee would be open to receive them until 9 
A. M., Wednesday, June 14th. 

The badge described in the accompanying specifications having, 
since that date, been selected by the Committee, the same is adopted, 
and is hereby announced as the badge of the Army of the Cumberland. 

By Command of Major-General Thomas. 


Brigadier-General and Assidant Adjutant-General. 


Aj'my of the Cumberland. 


1. Star — Five-pointed. Suspended, point upward. Frosted, gold or 

silver, with polished edge, one twenty-fourth of an inch wide. 
Points of star blunt or very slightly rounded. Radius of circle 
of outer points, nine-tenths of an inch; of inner points, four 
; and a half tenths of an inch. 

2. Triangle — In center of Star, point upward. Frosted, gold or 

silver, with polished edge one twenty-fourth of an inch wide, 
\ elevated above Star one thirty-second of an inch ; or engraved, 

if wearer chooses. Triangle of such size as to leave space 
around it in frosted part of the Star. 

3. Acorn — In center of triangle. Polished, gold or silver, with frosted 

cap and polished stem, in alto relievo, or engraved. Acorn of 
' such size as to leave space around it in frosted part of triangle. 

Enameled natural color, if the wearer chooses. 

4. Ribbon — Silk — Red, White, and Blue — three-quarters of an inch 

wide, one and one-fourth inches long. 

5. Pin. — Concave, oval, five-tenths of an inch long, two and a half 

tenths of an inch wide. Frosted, gold or silver, witli ])olished 
Qd^i^Q raised. Laurel wrcMtli surrounding oval, which is sup- 
ported at both sides by pillars. Oval to be one-sixteenth of an 
f inch above wreath, with ''Army of ilie Cnmhcrland'' engraved 

therein. Entire oval between pillars, seven and a half tenths 
of an inch long. 

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MJSW m TiiaE (g®[S][B[EK'MI©, 







If I 

Constitution and B^^-Laws 



of th( 

socii'rrY OF the army oi- the Cumberland. 


161 ^Of 



The name and title of this association shall be the " Society of 
THE Army of the Cumberland," and said Society shall include 
every officer and soldier who has at any time served with honor in 
that army. 

Honorary members may be elected from those officers who have 
become distinguished in any of the armies of the United States. 

AirncT.K ir. 

The object of the Society shall be to perpetuate the memory of 
the fortunes and achievements of the Army of the Ctnnherland; to pre- 
serve that unanimity of loyal sentiment, and tliat kind and cordial 
feeling which lias been an eminent characteristic of this army, and the 
main element of the power and success (d' its elibi'ts in behalf of the 
cause of the Union. The history and glory of the otticers and .'^oldiers 
belonging to this army, who have fallen either on the field of battle or 
otherwise, in the line of their duty, shall be a permanent and sacred 
trust to this Soc'iety, and every efibrt shall be made to collect and pre- 
serve tlie proper memorials of their services, to inscribe their names 
upon the roll of honor, and transmit their fauie to posterity. It shall 
also be the object and bounden duty of this Society to i-elieve, as far 
as f)ossible, the fannlies of such deceased ofHcers and soldiers, when 
in indigent circumstances, either by the voluntary contribution of the 
mend>ers, or in such oiher manner as they may determine, when the 
cases are brought to their attention. This provision shall also here- 
after apply to the suffering families of those members of the Society 


sli ...(!!- J 

f '1.. ■•■ ■.■> 

1 < J 

'IM'' '■ ■ 


Army of the Cumberland . 

who may, in the future, be called hence, and the welfare of the 
soldier's widow and orphan shall forever be a holy trust in the hands 
of his surviviuo: comrades. 


For the purpose of effecting these objects, the Society shall be 
organized by the annual election of a President, and a Vice-President 
from each state having soldiers in the Army of the Cumberland (to be 
nominated by members from the several states), a Corresponding Sec- 
retary, a Recording Secretary, and a Treasurer. 

The Society shall meet once in every year; the time and place 
of the next meeting to be selected by ballot at each meeting. All 
members of the Society who are prevented, by any cause, from per- 
sonally attending are expected to notify the Corresponding Secretary, 
and to impart such information in regard to themselves as they may 
think proper, and as may be of interest to their brethren of the 

Having a fraternal feeling for, and honoring the glorious etf()rts 
of our brothers in arms belonging to other armies, who have shared 
with us the service of saving our Government, the President and 
either of the Vice-Presidents shall be authorized to invite the attend- 
ance of any officer of the United States armies at any of our annual 




I. All meetings of this Society shall be opened by prayer to 
Almighty God by a former Chaplain of the army, or by a minister of 
the gospel, to be selected for the occasion by the President of the 


II. Every officer and soldier desiring to become a member of 
this Society shall, n{)on signing the Constitution, pay to the Treasurer 
the sum of five dollars as au initiation fee, and thereafter the like sura 
of five dollars per annum, as yearly dues; and shall thereupon be 
entitled to a copy of the Proceedings of the Society, when published, 
free of charge. 


III. Any member who shall be in arrears for dues for a period 
of two years shall have his name dropped from the rolls. 

IV. All moneys paid out by the Treasurer shall be upon the 
written order of the Kecording Secretary, approved by the written 
consi'ut of the President; and at each annual meeting of the Society, 
the Treasurer shall make a full report of his receipts and disburse- 

V. When the place of the next annual meeting of this Society 
shall be decided upon, the President shall appoint an Executive Com- 
mittee of three (3) members, resident at sucb place or contiguous 
thereto, whose duty it shall be to make all needful preparations and 
arranfrements for such meetinir. 

VI. That prior to the final adjournment of the Society, at such 
annual meeting thereof, the President shall appoint a committee of 
three meujbers, residents of the city in which such meeting shall be, 



Army of the Cinnherland. 

aud not officers of the Society, as a committee on bills and claims, 
and to such committee all claims against the Society, of ^vhatever 
character, should be referred for investigation and allowance before 
being paid. • ' 

VII. No member of the Society shall speak more tlian once on 
any question of business, and no longer than five minutes, without the 
consent of the Society first obtained. 

VIII. At each annual meeting there sliall be selected, in such 
manner as the Society shall determine, from the members of the So- 
ciety, a person to deliver an address upon the history of the Avmij of 
the Cumberland, and the objects of the Society, at the next annual 

IX. CiisMng's Manual of Parliamentary Law shall be authority 
for the government and regulation of all meetings of this Society. 

Ojficers of the Society. 165 


For 1897-1898. 

General W. S. Kosecrans. 

Corresponding Secretary. 
General H. V. Boynton 

Recording Secretary. 
Colonel J. W. Steele. 

Hon. John Tweedale. 

Colonel G. C. Kniffin. 

Execatice Cornniittee, 


General C. II. Grosvenor, Chairman, 

General W. A. Robinson, 

General I). S. Stanley, 

General J. AV. Burke, 

General J. Barnett, 

Captain J. W. Foley, 

General li. A. Alger, 

General A. IUird, 

General T. J. Wood, 


I A -.' V- : \ii 

or: -ii) 

166 Army of the Citmberland. 



Vice- rresidenls. 
General J. W. Burke, Ala])aiiia. 
General T. T. Crittenden, California. 
Major A. J. Phillips, Connecticut. 
Colonel ^f. II. Fitch, Colorado. 
General J). S. Stanley, District of Columbia. 
General James II. AVilson, Delaware. 
Major Georue S. Davis, Georgia. 
General A. C. McClurg, Illinois. 
General Benjamin Harrison, Indiana. 
Colonel Dwight Bannister, Iowa. 
Sergeant Henry J. Aten, Kansas. 
Colonel AV. R. Milward, Kentucky. 
General Francis Fessenden, Maine. .\ 

General Orland Smith, Maryland. 
Colonel Horace Fisher, Massachusetts. 
General G. S. Wormer, Micliigan. 
General J. W. Bishop, Minnesota. 
Colonel Frank Askew, Missouri. 
Colonel Peter T. Swaine, Montana. 
General C. F. Manderson, Nebraska. 
General Anson G. AEcCook, Xew York. 
General James Barnett, Ohio. 
General W. A. ]\orinson, ^Pennsylvania. 
Major W. J. Colburn, Tennessee. 
General Nathan Kimball, Utah. 
Captain George I. Robinson, Wisconsin. 

V' v.u1'^l^, 

-.1 .•^•'^T 

List of Members. 



Adair, John S., Adjutant 97th Ohio Inf., McConnelsville, O. 

Attteck, Wm. J., Adjutant 24th Ohio Inf., Sandusky, O. 

Alger, Russell A., J3revet jNIajor-General U. S. V., Detroit, Mich. 

Anderson, Edward, Colonel 12th Indiana Cav., Danielsouville, Conn. 

'-ivVnderson, N. L., Brevet Major-General U. S. V. 

'i^Anderson, Jlobert, ]^revet IMajor-General U. 8. A. 

Andrew, W. W. , Captain 21st Indiana Battery, INIinneapolis, Kan. 

Askew, Frank, Colonel 15th Ohio Inf., Brevet Brigadier-General U. 

S. v., Kansas City, Mo. 
Aten, Henry J., Sergeant <sr)th Illinois Inf., Pliawatha, Kan. 
Atkins, Smith I)., lirevet Major-General U. S. V., Freoport, 111, 
Atwood, E. B., Lieutenant-Colonel, A. Q. iNI., U. S. A. 

Bachtell, Satnuel, Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel U. S. V., Ci)luinbus, O. 
Baird, A., Brevet Major-General U. S. A., Washington, D. C. 
Baldwin, A. B., Captain Oth Ohio Light Battery, Akron, O. 
'i'^Banning, H. B. , Brevet Major-General U. S. V. 
Bannister, D., Brevet Colonel, Paymaster U. S. V., Ottumwa, Iowa. 
Barker, W. W., Brevet Lieut. -Colonel, C. S., U. S. V., Pittsburg, Pa. 
Barnard, Job, Sergeant 7od Indiana Inf., Washington, D. C. 
Barnes, F. I., Private 11th U. S. H. Art., Fort Custer, Montana. 
Barnett, James, Brevet Brigadier-Genei'al U. S. V., Cleveland, O. 
-'^Barnum, H. A., Brevet Major-General U. S. V. 
■'■'Barrell, Henry C, Surge<jn .38th Illinois Inf 
^Bartholomew, W. H., INIajor 34th Inf., U. S. A. 

* Deceased. 


Army of the Cumberland. 

^i^Bates, Caleb, Major, A. D. C, U. S. V. 

Beardsley, George A., INIajor 13th New Jersey Inf., Newark, N. J. 

-''Beatty, Samuel, Brevet IMajor-General U. S. V. 

Belknap, Cliarles E., IMajor 21st IVIichigan Inf., Grand Rapids, Mich, 

'i^Bestow, Marcus P., Brevet Colonel, A. A. G., U. S. V. 

Betts, Charles M., Lieut.-Colonel 15th Penn. Cav., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Bevins, L. G., First Sergeant Co. E, 29th Ohio Inf., INIeridan, Conn. 

*Bickham, Wm. D., Major, A. D. C, U. S. V. 

*Bigelow, H. AV., Captain 14th Ohio Inf. 

Bingham, J. D., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. A. (retired). Union 

League Club, Philadel})iiia, Pa. 
*Bird, Ira II., Lieutenant, Quartermaster 2d Ohio Inf. 
Bishop, John S., Colonel 108th U, S. C. Inf., Captain 13th IT. S. Inf., 

U. S. A. 
Bishop, Judsoi] W., Brevet Brig. -General U. S. V., St. Paul, Minn. 
Bissenger, Philip, Captain 79th Penn. Inf., Beading, Pa. 
*Blackmer, Collins, Brevet Captain U. S. A., Lafayette, Ind. 
Blake, E. R., Color-Sergeant 24th Wis. Inf., Port Washington, Wis. 
Blakeley, A., Lieutenant-Colonel 78th Penn. Inf., Pittsburg, Pa. 
Blakesley, A. jM., Captain Co. E., 74th Illini)is Inf., Rock Island, 111. 
Boal, Charles T., Lieutenant 88th Illinois Inf., Chicago, 111. 
Bockins, Charles J., First Lieutenant and R. Q. M. 22d JMichigan 

Inf., jMarion, Ind. 
*Bogue, Roswell G., Surgeon 19th Illinois Inf. 
Bond, Frank S., jNlajor, A. D. C, U. S. V., New York City. 
''=Boone, Thomas C, Colonel 115th Ohio Inf. 

Boring, E. McC, First Lieutenant 79th Penn. Inf., Philadelphia, Pa. 
''=B()ughtou, Horace, Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V. 
*Boyd, James S., Lieutenant-Colonel 51st Illinois Inf. 
Boyd, Rt)bert INI., Private 24th Wisconsin Inf., Racine, Wis. 
Boynton, H. V., Brevet Brig.-General U. S. V., Washington, D. C. 
'l^Brackett, Albert G., Colonel U. S. A. (retired). 
Bradish, A. B., Captain 21st Wisconsin Inf., Ottawa, 111. 


, y 

U.. -■ ■ X >■ 

List of Members. 169 

Bradley, L. P., Brevet Brigadier-GeDeral U. S. A. (retired), Tacoma, 

*Brannan, John M. , Brevet Major-General U. S. A. 
Brannan, L. J., Private lOtli Ohio Inf., Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Brayton, G. J\[., Lieut.-Colonel 9th U. S. Inf., Washington, D. C. 
Breckinridge, J. C, Brigadier-General, Inspector-General U. S. A. 
Hreniner, David F., Captain 19th Illinois Inf., Chicago, 111. 
Briaut, C. ]^., Colonel 88th Indiana Inf., Huntington, Ind. 
Brinkman, Henry, Private 1st Kentucky Inf., Cincinnati, O. 
-'-Bristow, Beujaniin H., Colonel 8th Kentucky Cav. 
Bronsoii, John P., Private 14th Ohio Inf., Toledo, O. 
'■'Brooke, Hunter, Brevet Lieutenant-C'olonel U. S. V. 
^^Brown, Calvin W., Lieutenant 2d Kentucky Inf. 
'■'-Brown, D. D. S., Major, Paymaster U. S. V. 

Brown, Leonard, First Sergeant Co. F., 108th O. V. I., Columbus, O. 
Brubaker, John PL, Sergeant 86th Illinois Inf., Benson, 111. 
-'^Brutnley, J. I)., Surgeon U. S. V. 

Brunn, Leonard, Sergeant 108th Ohio Inf., Columbus, O. 
'iL)Uckinghain, E., Captain l]r)th Ohio Inf. 
Buell, D. C, Major-Geueral U. S. V., Paradise, Ky. 
■'•^Buell, Geo. P,, Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. A. 
Buford, L. :\l., ]\[ajor and A. D. C, U. S. V., El Paso, Texas. 
Bunker, Henry S., Commissary-Sergeant 9()th Ohio Inf., Toledo, O. 
-Bunts, William C, Captain 125th Ohio Inf. 
Burke, Andrew H., 75th Illinois Inf., Duluth, Minn. 
Burke, J. W., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V., Mobile, Ala. 
Burkhalter, J. L., Captain 86ih Illinois Inf., Galesburg, 111. 
Burnett, H. L., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V., New York City. 
'i'Burns, Robert, Lieutenant-Colonel 4th Michigan Cav. ' » " 

'^Burroughs, George, Brevet INIajor U. S. x\. 
Burt, Andrew S., Colonel 25tli U. S. Inf., U. S. A. 
Butler, John G., IMnjor of Ordnance, U. S. A. 
Butterfield, Daniel, ]\[ajor-Geueral U. S. V., New York City. 

■■■' Deceased. 


;. ■} 


Army of Die Cumherlaml. 

Cable, C. A., Captain 18th Oliio Inf., Nelsouville, O. 
'i'Cainpbell, J. A., Brevet Brigadier-General, A. A. G., U. S, V. 
Cannon, Thomas J., Lieutenant 6th Kentucky Inf., l^altiinore, jNfd. 
'i'Carlin, David B., Lieutenant 18th Ohio Inf. 

Carlin, W. P., Brigadier and Brevet IMajor-General U. S. A. (retired). 
Carlton, Caleb Henry, Colonel 8th Cav. U. S. A. 
Carlton, Tiiomas J., Lieutenant 22d Indiana Vol. Inf , Plainfield, Ind. 
Carman, E. A., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V., Washington, D. C. 
Cai-penter, G. S., Captain 14th U, S. Inf., A^ancouver Bks, Wash, 
('arringtou, H. B., Brigadier-General U. S. V., Hyde Park, jMass. 
Carrington, Julius M., Lieutenant lOth Michigan Inf., Cleveland, 0. 
■-'^Carson, J. J., Captain od Kentucky Inf 
Cary, Eugene, Captain 1st Wisconsin Inf., Chicago, 111. 
-Case, C. P., Captain oGth Indiana Inf, Signal Officer U. S. V. 
Chail'ee, E. T., Adjutant 84th Indiana Inf, Greenville, Ind. 
■-'^Chalfant, David, Captain 51st Ohio Inf. 

Chamberlain, H. S., Captain iV. Q. M., U. S. V., Chattanooga, Tenn. 
Chamberlin, Wm. II., Private oGtIi Illinois, Inf, Pittsfield, Mass. 
Chandler, W. P., Lieutenant-Coh)nel o5th Illinois Inf, Danville, 111. 
Chapin, John W., Sergeant 1st Ohio Cav., Bismarck, N. D. 
-'^Christy, R. C, Chaplain 78th Pennsylvania Inf 
^Clancy, C. W., Colonel 52 Ohio Inf 

•'■Clarkson, Eloyd, Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 12th N. Y. Cav. 
Cleary, P. J. A. (Surgeon U. S. V., Med. Director Brannan's Divi- 
sion), Surgeon U. S. A. 
Clem, John L., Major, A. Q. M., U. S. A. 
^^Clendenin, Wm., Surgeon U. S. V. 
'('Cochran, R. H., Lieutenant, Judge Advocate. 
Coe, E. S., Lieutenant-Colonel lOGth Ohio Inf, Cleveland, O. 
'i'Coflinbury, W. L., Captain 1st Michigan Engineers. 
Cohn, Henry S., Lieutenant lOGth Ohio Inf, Louisville, Ky. 
Colburn, W. J., Brevet Major, A. Q. M., U. S. Y., Chattanooga, Tenn. 
Cole, George E., Private 10th jMichigan Inf., Chicago, 111. 
Collins, G. K., First Lieutenant 149th New York Inf, Syracuse, N. Y. 

* Deceased. 

lit , 

>n- [ 

•'r \ .[' ' 


ni 111 J- 

U ... 

■ ')■ ■ 

List of Members. 


-''Collins, H. Il, Lieutenant-Colonel 2d Kentucky Ciiv. 

Conger, A. L., Lieutenant 115th Ohio Inf., Akron, O. 

Conklin, Alfred S., Lieutenant 11th Ohio Lif., Columbus, O. 

Conover, John, Colonel 8th Kansas Inf., Leavenworth, Kan. 

-'-Conrad, Joseph, Colonel U. S. A. 

^i^Cooke, Warren AV., Captain 182d Ohio Inf. 

Cope, Alexes, Captain Co. F, loth Ohio, Columbus, 0. 

Corbin, Henry C, i^rigadier-General, Adjutant-General U. S. A. 

Coulter, W. A., Brevet Major, A. A. G., U. 8. V., San Francisco, Cal. 

Cowiu, W. C, Captain 1st Ohio Inf., Cleveland, O. 

Cox, Samuel K., Captain 17th Kentucky Inf., Hartford, Ky. 

Crane, Alexander B., Lieutenant-Colonel 85th Indiana Inf., Scares- 
dale, N.Y.. 

-i^rittendeji, T. L., Colonel U. S. A., Major-General U. S. V. 

-''Croxton, John T., Brevet INIajor-General U. S. V. 

-''Cruft, Charles, Brevet Major-General U. S. V. 

Cudner, Albert M., Private 74th Illinois Inf.; Adjutant 42d U. S. C. 
T., New York City. 

Cummings, T., Captain 19th U. S. Inf., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Curry, Wni. L., Captain 1st OhioCav., ^Farysville, O. 

^^Curtis, James, Brevet Major U. S. A. 

Daugherty, W. W., Captain U. S. A. (ret.), Indianapolis, Ind. 

Davidson, E. II., Private 121st Ohio Inf., Cleveland, O. 

^Davidson, Robert B., Lieutenant o5th Ohio Inf. 

Davis, Charles W., Lieutenant-Colonel 51st Illinois Inf., Chicago, 111. 

-'^Davis, Hasbrouck, Brevet Brigadier-General U. 8. \. 

*Davis, Jeff C, Brevet ^[ajor-General U. S. A. 

Davis, Wirt, Major 5th Cavalry, Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel U. S. A. 

Dawdy, L. J., First Lieutenant and Adj. 8Gth III. Inf., Peoria, 111. 

-'^Deane, C. H., Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel, A. Q. M., U. S. V. 

Deardotf, D. P., Brevet Captain 74th Indiana Inf., Chicago, 111. 

•i-Dickerson, C. J., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V. 

Dickinson, J., Asst. Sur. 3(ith O. Inf.; Sur. 105th O. Inf., Cleveland, O. 

•■• Deceased. 

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v^rrny of the Cumberland. 

Dickinson, Julian G., Atijutant 4th INIichigan Cav., Detroit, INIich. 

Dietrick, H. S., Private 19th IlHnois Inf., Chicago, 111. 

Donaldson, J. C, Captain 38th Ohio Inf., Columbus, Ohio. 

-'-Donaldson, J. L. , Brevet JMajor-General U. vS. A. 

Doolittle, Charles C, Brevet Major-General U. S. V., Toledo, O. 

'•-Dornhusch, Henry, Captain 1st Ohio Inf. 

^Doughty, W. N., Captain 37th Ind. Inf. 

Dowliug, P. H., Captain 111th Ohio Inf., Toledo, O. 

Downes, Thomas, Sergeant 2d Minnesota Inf., Minneapolis, iNIinn. 

^i^Drouilhird, J. P., Captain U. S. A. 

'I'Drury, Lu II., Major 1st Wisconsin Art. 

^'=Du Barry, H. B., Brevet Major U. S. V. 

^=^Ducat, Arthur C, Brevet Brig.-Gen., A. I. G., U. S. V. 

Duffiekl, Henry M., Adjutant 9th Micliigan Inf., Detroit, ]\[ich. 

Durand, Calvin, Serg't Chicago Board of Trade Battery, Cliicago, III. 

Duval, H. F., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V., Kansas City, Mo. 

^m^: : 


-'^Earnshaw, J., Captain IJ. S. V. 

*Earnshaw, Wm., Chaplain U. S. V. 

Ebi, Monroe, First Lieutenant 19th Ohio Inf., Davenport, Iowa. 

-^Elliott, W. L., Brevet INIajor-General U. S. A. 

Elwood, James G., Captain 100th Illinois Inf., Joliet, 111. 

"-i-Evans, J. I>., IMajor oOth Indiana Inf. 

Ewart, J. E., Sergeant 4r)th Ohio Inf., Akron, O. 

Ewers, Ezra P., IMajor 9th Inf., U. S. A. 

'i^Ewing, George W., Acting Ord. Sergeant U. S. V. 

Fake, Fred. L., Quartermaster 89th Illinois Inf., Chicago, 111. 

Farber, Wm. H., Captain G4th Ohio Inf., Columbus, O. 

-'T^^iulkner, J. K., Colonel 7th Kentucky Cav. 

'^T^earing, B. D., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V. 

Fessenden, Francis, Major-General U. S. V., Portland, ]\raine. 

-''Fife, Joel A., Lieutenant 75th Illinois Inf. 

Fisher, Plorace N., Lieut. -Colonel, A. I. G., U. S. V., Boston, Mass. 

■^- Deceased. 

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i>ii. ; 


! -"^ 

List of Members. 173 

=i=Fis!ier, John Herbert, Cai)tain and A. D. C. 

=i=Fisher, J. A., Captain 2(1 Ohio Inf. [j 

Fisher, J. S., Captain 84th Indiana Inf., Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Fisher, Lloyd, Lieutenant 4th Ohio Inf., Newburgh, O. 

Fisher, Samuel H., Capt. Co. A, ]\[cLaughlin's Sipiadruii, Denver, Col. 

Fitch, ]M. H., Lieutenant-Colonel 21st Wisconsin Inf., Pueblo, Col. 

Fittou, James, Corporal 35th Ohio Inf , Hamilton, O. 

Foering, J. O., Brevet Captain 28th Penn. Inf, Phihidelphia, Pa. 

Foley, James L., jNIajor 10th Ky. Cav., Cincinnati, 0. 

Foley, J. W., Captain 10th and 181st Ohio Inf., Cincinnati, O. 

Foote, Allen R., Lieutenant 21st Michigan Inf., Takoma Park, D. C. 

Foraker, Joseph B., Brevet Captain 89th Ohio Inf, Cincinnati, O. 

Forgey, J. 8., Co. C, 10th Ind. Inf., Wellsville, Kan. 

Forsyth, James W., Brigadier-General U. S. A. 

'•^Fowler, David E., Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel C. S., U. S. V. 

Fox, P. v., Brevet Col. 1st U. S. V. V. Eng., Grand Rapids, Mich. 

'■'^Fraukeberger, J. C, Lieutenant-Colonel 188th Ohio Inf 

Frederick, C. H., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S, V., Omaha, Xeb. 

Free, John W., Major 31st Ohio Inf, New Lexington, O. 

Freeman, Chas. P., Private 1st Micliigan Eng., Washington, D. C. 

Friedman, David, Captain 108th Ohio Inf, Birmingham, Ala. 

-Frizell, Josei)h W., Brevet l^rigadier-General U. S. V. 

^i^Frost, J. C, First Lieutenant 18th O. V. I. 

-'■Fullertou, J. S., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V. 

Gage, Henry H., Corporal 9Gth Illinois Inf, Chicago, 111. 
Gahagan, A. J., Lieutenant 1st Tennessee Cav., Chattanooga, Tenn. 
*Gano, C. L., Lieutenant-Colonel 09 th Ohio Inf. 
^^Garfield, James A., Major-General U. S. V. 
Garnsey, C. B., Sergeant lOOth Illinois Inf , Joliet, 111. 
Gavett, William A., Co. H, 1st Michigan JMig., Drtroit, :\[ich. 
Gent.«ch, Charles, First Lieut, and Q. M. r)lst Ohio Inf, Cleveland, O. 
Giauque, Florien, Sergeant 102d Ohio Inf., Cincinnati, (>. 
^Kubson, William H., Hrevet Briga(lier-( ienerni V. S. \\ 

"•• Deceased. 

V ,M-.vi.:. 


Army of the Cumherland. 


Gilbert, Charles C, Colonel U. S. A. (retired), New Orleans, La. 
Gildersleeve, Henry A., Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel U. S. V., New 

York, N. Y. 
Oilman, J. H., Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel U. S. A. 
Gilrnore, Thomas, Company I, 107th N. Y. Vols., Harrison, 111. 
Gilpin, L. L., Corporal 51st O. V. I., Portland, O. 
-'^Gist, George \y. , Captain 17th Kentucky Inf. 
-'^Gleasou, Newell, Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V. 
Glenn, Geo. E., Colonel and Paymaster U. S. A. 
-'^Glover, Amos, Captain 15th Ohio Inf. 
'Kjoddard, Calvin, Lieutenant-Colonel, A. A. G.,U. S. V. 
Goodloe, Green Clay, Lieutenant 23d Kentucky Inf., ^lajor jNIarine 

Corps, Washington, D. C. 
'i-Goodloe, William Cassius, Captain, A. A. G.,U. S. V. 
^^Goodman, H. E. , Brevet Colonel, Surgeon U. S. V. 
Goodspeed, W. E., Major 1st Ohio Light Art., Columbus, 0. 
Gordon, Thomas W., Surgeon 97th Ohio Inf., Georgetown, O. 
'i'-G ranger, Gordon, jMajor-General U. S. V. 
'i=G ranger, R. S., Brevet Major-General IJ. S. A. 
^^Grant, U. S., General U. S. A. 

Greene, Thomas, Private 101st Ohio Inf., Norwalk, O. 
'-Greenwood, W. H., Lieutenant-Colonel, A. I. G., U. S. V. 
'KTrimshaw, James AY., Lieutenant 19th Ohio Battery. 
'''Gross, Eerdinand II., Brevet Colonel, JNledical Director 14th A. C. 
'•'Gross, Samuel W., Surgeon U. S. V. 

Grosvenor, C. H., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V., Athens, O. 
Guenther, E. L., Colonel U. S. A. 
Guthrie, John B. , Ca])tain U. S. A. 

*1 •; 

Haight, Edward, Brevet Colonel lOth U. S. Inf., New York City. 
Hall, Hamilton W., Captain 59th Illinois Inf., Boston, iNIass. 
Plall, Robert II., Colonel U. S. A. 

Hallenberg, G., Lieutenant 1st Ohio Inf., Louisville, Ky. 
*Hambright, Henry A., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V. 



y, ',: 


T" '- ' •;; 

List of Members. 175 

Handbeck, Lewis, Captain 27th Illinois Inf., Topeka, Kan. 

^i^Hannou, W., Captain 124th Ohio Inf. 

-''-Hansbrouck, Wm. L., Asst. Surg. 23(1 Kentucky Inf. 

Hapeinan, Douglas, Colonel 104th Illinois Inf., Ottawa, 111. 

-'■Harding, A. C. , Brigadier-General U. S. V. 

Harlan, John INI., Colonel 10th Kentucky Inf., Washington, D. C. 

Harnian, P. i\I,, Captain 9od Ohio Inf., Dayton, O. 

^^=Harris, L. A., Colonel 2d Ohio Inf. 

Harris, S. T., Captain 3d Tennessee Cav., Knoxville, Tenu. 

'i-Harris, W. H., Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel U. S. A. 

Harrison, Benj., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V., Indianapolis, Ind. 

Ilarrison, Carter B., Captain 51st Ohio Inf., Murfreesboro, Tenn. 

''•Hari'isou, Thomas J., lirevet Brigadier-General U. S. V. 

'i^IIart, Sanuiel S., Captain 13th Wisconsin Inf 

Hartley, Stephen, Corporal 15th U. S. Inf., Danbury, Conn. 

Hatry, A. G., Lieutenant-Colonel 183d Ohio Inf., Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Hay ward, W. H., Lieut.-Colonel 1st Ohio Light Art., Cleveland, O. 

'i^Iazen, W. B., Brevet ^lajor-General U. S. A. 

>:Tiea(l, S. H., Captain and Q. M., U. S. V. 

'i^Healy, Joshua, Colonel 151st Indiana Inf. 

Heard, J., Theo., Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel, jMedical Director 4th 

Army Corps, Boston, jNlass. 
Hedges, J. S., Brevet ]Major 4th Cav., U. S. A., Mansfield, O. 
Ilerrick, Henry J., Surgeon 17th Ohio Inf, Cleveland, O. 
'i-Herron, Joseph, Private 98th Ohio Inf 

Hessler, E. M., Hospital Steward 1st Ohio Light Art., Cleveland, O. 
Hills, Charles F., Lieutenant 51st Illinois Inf, Chicago, 111. 
Hoagland, C. N., Surgeon 71st Ohio Inf., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
-'Tiobbs, A. M., Captain 36th Illinois Inf 

Hodges, Henry C, Colonel (J. M. D., U. S. A., Jefferson ville, Ind. 
Hodgkins, Wm. H., l^revet Major 36th IMass.Mnf., Boston, jNIass. 
-'LloUingsworth, E. W., Lieutenant-Colonel 10th Ohio Inf. 
Hood, Calvin, INIajor 11th Michigan Inf., Emporia, Kan. 
-'■Hooker, Joseph, Brevet Major-General U. S. xV. 

* Deceased. 

■\yUi^-r\^.. ■;> i?:U 



Annij of the Cuinhej^land. 

Hopkins, George H., Sergeant 17th Michii!:an Inf., Detroit, ^lich. 

Hopkins, K. E., Major 149th New York Inf., Tarrytown, N. Y. 

Hough, Alfred L., Colonel U. S. A. (ret.), Washington, D. C. 

'f^Honk, L. C, Colonel od Tennessee Inf. 

Howe, George W., Lieutenant 1st Ohio Light Art., Cleveland, O. 

"-'^Howland, Henry, Colonel Q,. M. Department. 

^laiuber, J. F., Brevet Major, C. S., IT. S. V. 

Hudnall, J. W., Private 85th Illinois Inf., St. Paul, INIinn. 

'f^IIugher, J. F., Captain C. S. and Brevet iMajor. 

Hununell, Jt)seph, Surgeon's Steward U. S. N., Cincinnati, O. 

-'^Hunter, jMortonC, Brevet Brig. -General U. S. V., Bloomington, Ind. 

^Hunter, Robert, Captain 74th Ohio Inf. 

Huston, Paul B., Sergeant 60th Ohio Inf., Cincinnati, O. 


Ingersoll, E. J., Captain 7od Illinois Inf., Carhondale, III. 

Irwin, B. J. D., ('olonel, Asst. Surg. -General Q. S. A., Chicago, 111. 

Isett, Jacob H., Sergeant 15th Pennsylvania Cav., Spruce Creek, Pa. 

Isoni, John F., Captain 25th Illinois Inf., Cleveland, 0. 

Jackson, H. W., Brevet Lieut.-Col., A. D. C, U. S. V., Chicago, 111. 

Jacob, K. T. , Colonel 9th Kentucky Cav., Louisville, Ky. 

Jacobs, J. E., Brevet Colonel, A. A. G., U. S. V., Baltimore, Md. 

James, Allen j\I., Sergeant 4th Ohio Cav., Cincinuati, O. 

James, F. B., Brevet Major 52d Ohio Inf., Cincinnati, O. 

Jaquette, J. W., Brevet Colonel, A. A. G., U. S. V., Toledo, O. 

Jocelyn, Stephen P., Brevet Major U. S. A. 

Johnson, Henry W., Brevet Major 41st Ohio Inf., jMichigan City, Ind. 

Jones, Frank J., Brevet Major, A. D. C, U. S. V., Cincinnati, O. 

Jones, James Kilhourne, Lieutenant 24th Ohio Inf., Columbus, O. 

Jones, Sidney B., Lieut. -Colonel 42d Kentucky Inf., Chicago, 111. 

Jones, Tolaud, Colonel 118th Ohio Inf., London, O. 

*Kaldenbaugh, Henry, Captain 51st Ohio Inf. 

Keifer, J. Warren, Brevet Major-General U. S. V., Springfield, 0. 

Kell, W. H., Captain 22d Inf., U. S. A. 

"*■ Deceased. 

-:^vA ^:'\\\^ \\., 


List of Members. 177 

Kellogg, S. C, ]^revet Lieutenant-Colonel U. S. A. 

Kelly, H. A., Lieutenant 8th Tennessee Cav,, Washington, D. C. 

Kelly, R. jM., Colonel 4th Kentucky Inf., Louisville, Ky. 

-'^Kilgour, W. J\L, Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V. 

^Kimball, Nathan, Brevet Major-General U. S. V., Ogden, Utah. 

Kimball, Nelson F., Sergeant 125th Illinois Inf., Boise City, Idaho. 

'i'Kinney, Win. II., Lieutenant 89th Illinois Inf. 

^Kitchell, Edward S., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V, 

Knapp, Alex. A., Captain Co. K, 40th O. Y. L, Union City, Ind. 

Knittin, G. C, Lieut.-Colonel, C. S., U. S. V., Takoma Park, D. C. 

Knight, T. S., Private Battery C, 1st Ohio Light Art., Cleveland, O. 

^'^Lacey, Anderson P., Captain 98th Ohio Inf. 

Ijanibect, \V. IL, Brevet jMajor 33d New Jersey Inf., Philadelphia, Pa. 

'i'La ]\I()tte, Robert S., Colonel 13th Inf., U. S. A. 

Lane, P. P., Colonel 11th Ohio Inf., Cincinnati, O. 

Lawler, Thos. G., Sergeant Co. E, 19th Illinois; Colonel 3d Illinois 

Inf., Rockford, 111. 
Lawton, II. W., Lieut. -Col. and Insp.-Gen. U. S. A. 
Leeson, Richard L., Captain 68th Indiana Inf., Elwood, Ind. 
'■^Le Favour, Heber, Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V. 
-Leonard, G. P., Captain 1st O. V. I. 

Levering, John, Brevet Colonel, A. A. G., U. S. V., Lafayette, Ind. 
Lincoln, Charles P., Captain 19th Michigan Inf., Washington, D. C. 
Lloyd, Isaac, Lieutenant 9th Pennsylvania Cav., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Locknian, John T., Brevet Brig.-Geueral U. S. V., New York, N. Y. 
-i^Lonabaugh, John E., Ci). G, 15th Penn. Cav. 
Long, Eli, Brevet Major-General U. S. A., Plainfield, N. J. 
*Looinis, C. O., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V. 
Lowe, AV. W., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. A., Omaha, Neb. 
'•l-iowrie, James A., Major, A. A. G., U. S. Y. 
'-^Ludlow, Israel, Brevet Captain 5th Art., U. S. A. 
'-i^Lyster, Wm. J., Colonel U. S. A. 
^^Lytle, William II., Brigadier-General U. S. Y. 

■••■ Deceased. 

i '^/M' ,,'-'.■>: 

■''1 . ., /■ ' . ,d/oiv. 



Army of the Cumberland. 

McAdams, Wra., Lieut. T^Oth Illinois Inf., Kansas, Edgar Co., 111. 

McCaskey, William 8., Major 20ih Inf., U. S. A. 

McCliire, James, Corporal ITtli Ind. Inf., St. Louis, Mo. 

McClurg, A. C, Brevet Brig.-General, A. A. G.,U. S. V., Chicago, 111. 

McCook, Anson G., Brevet Brig.-General U. S. V., New York City. 

:^[cCo()k, John J., Brevet Colonel U. S. V., New York City. 

'i^jNIcCreery, Wm. B., Colonel 21st Michigan Inf. 

^-i-McCrory, William, Brevet Captain 7th Co., O. S. S. 

McDowell, J. S., Captain Co. F, 77th Penn. Inf., Smith Center, Kan. 

-'-McGinniss, Janies T. , Brevet iNFajor U. S. A. 

'i'iMcGroarty, S. J., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V. 

iMcGuire, M. A., Captain 108th Ohio Inf., Cincinnati, O. 

Mackenzie, William A., Co. B, 78th Illinois Inf., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

McKibbin, Chambeis, Co. D, 73d Penn. Inf., Pittsburg, Pa. 

^i^McKibbin, Joseph, Colonel, A. D. C, U. S. V. 

^i^McMichael, Wm., Brevet Ci)!onel, A. A. G., U. S. V. 

*McNett, Andrew J., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V. 

^^McVean, D. C, ^lajor 1st Wisconsin Inf. 

]\IacKnight, O. B., Captain 9th Pennsylvania (Jav., Plaines' P. O., 

Lucerne Co., Pa. 
^-IvMallory, W. L., Captain, C. S., U. S. V. 

jNIanderson, Clias. F., Brevet Brig.-General U. S. V., Omaha, Neb. 
'^Mannon, Thomas PL, INIajor 45lh Kentucky Inf. 
Mansfield, I. Franc, Brv't Capt., A. A. Q. M., U. S. V., Caunelton, Pa. 
INIai-gedant, Wm. C, Ca})tain Topo. Engineers U. S. V., Hamilton, O. 
*Martin, John A., Brevet Brigadier-General IJ. S. V. 
^^j\[arsh, Jason, Colonel 74th Illinois Inf. 
'•'Mason, E. D., Brevet Colonel, A. A. G., U. S. V. 
-'^Matthews, Stanley, Colonel 51st Ohio Inf. 
]\Iauzy, James H., Captain 68th Indiana Inf., Rushville, Ind. 
'^Maxwell, O. C, Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V. 
INIayberry, W. W., Private 15th Pennsylvania Cav., Greenville, S. C. 
^Mendenhall, John, Colonel U. S. A. 
'i\Meredith, Sol., Brevet jNlajor-General U. S. V. 

* Deceased. 

.; r 


till -' 

[} -..'} 

List of Members. 179 

* Deceased. 

'i^Merrill, William E., Colonel 1st U. S. V. V. Engineers, Lieuteant- 
Colonel Corps of Engineers, U. S. A. 

Meyer, E. S., Brevet Brigadier-General IT. S. V., Cleveland, O. 

i\[ichie, James C, Captain 1st U. S. Vet. Inf., Nat. Mil. Home, O. 

-'^Miller, John F. , Brevet Major-General Q. S. V. 

Mills, Anson, Brigadier-General U. S. A. (ret.) 

Milner, Duncan C, Adjutant 98th O. V. Inf., Chicago, 111. 

^^Mihvard, H. K., Colonel 18th Ky. Vet. Inf. 

Mihvard, Will R., Colonel 21st Ky. Inf., Lexington, Ky. 

'^^lindil, George W., Brevet INIajor-General U. S. V. 

'i'jMitchell, John G., Brevet Major-General U. S. V. 

Mitchell, John L., 1st Lieutenant Co. E, 24th Wisconsin Inf., Mil- 
waukee, Wis. 

iMitchell, Jos. R., Brevet Lieut.-Col. 98th Ohio Inf., St. Clairsville, O. 

Mizner, Henry R., Colonel U. S. A. (ret.), Brevet Brigadier-General | i; 

U. 8. v., Detroit, Mich. ! i 

*]M()ntagnier, Jules J., Captain 6th Ohio Inf. ! 1 

^-Moody, Granville, Brevet Brigadier-C^eneral U. S. V. 

nioore, O. F., Colonel 83d Ohio. 

^i^Moore, Alhert, Lieutenant-Colonel 14ih Ohio Inf. 

'i^Morgan, James D., Brevet Major-General U. S. V. 

j\[organ, O. H., Captain 7th Indiana J^attery, Chicago, 111. 

jNIorgan, W. J., Captain 41st Ohio Inf., Cleveland, O. 

jMorris, Louis T., Major od Cav., U. S. A. 

■-^jMorrison, Walter, Captain 9th Ohio Cav. 

^Morton, Quinn, Lieutenant-Colonel 23d Mo. Inf. 

't^Mosenmeier, B., xVssistant Surgeon 33d Ohio Inf. 

Muller, Chas. F., Captain 29th Pennsylvania Inf , Chattanooga, Tenn. 

Murphy, Wm. J., Lieutenant 1st Illinois Light Art., Phoenix, Ariz. 

*Muscroft, C. S., Surgeon 10th Ohio Inf. 

-'^Mussey, R. D., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V. 

*Mussey, W. H., Lieutenant-Colonel, IMedical Inspector U. S. V. 

Myers, L. D., Captain, A. Q, M., U. S. V., Columbus, O. 

''■.'■p ,::,\ 

;Mr . ..I. 

.■J I.I'' 


Army of the Cumberland. 

^^Nelson, J. A., Private 15th Ohio Inf. 

Nelson, W. H., Captain 5th Tenn. Cav., Backwoods, Tenn. 
Nichohis, Wm., Captain Co. H, 51st Ohio Vol. Inf., Columbus, O. 
Nicholson, John P., Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 28th Pennsylvania 

Inf., Philadelphia, Pa. 
*Noah, Jacob J., Captain '2d Minnesota Inf. 
Noble, S. C, Private 14tli Michigan Inf., Columbus, O. 
*Nodine, R. A., Colonel 25th Illinois Inf. 
Norwood, C. W., Q. M. Sergeant 21st Ky. Inf., Chattanooga, Tenn. 

Oglevee, Joiin F., Adjutant 98th Ohio Inf , Columbus, O. 

Oliver, Paul A., Brevet Brig-General IT. S. V., Oliver's Mills, Pa. 

'^Opdycke, E., Brevet Major-General U. S. V. 

Orr, James H., Captain lU8th Ohio Inf., Columbus, Ohio. 

Oils, E. A., Captain U. S. V., Chicago, 111. 

Otto, John, Lieutenant 11th Indiana Battery, Auburn, Ind. 

Over, James W., Private 15th Pennsylvania Cav., Pittsburgh, Pa. 

'-i^Paine, C. N., Captain 21st Wisconsin Inf. 

Palmer, AVm. J., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V., New York City. 

Parkhurst, J. G., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V., Coldwater, ]\lich. 

'i^Passel, George W., Private 37th Indiana Inf. 

''^Passenger, W. H., Private 1st Michigan Engineers. 

Patten, Geo. W., Captain 7od Illinois Inf., Saint Elmo, Tenn. 

Patten, Z. C, Lieutenant 149th New York Inf, Chattanooga, Tenn. 

Peckham, Silas C, Private Chicago B. of T. Batt., Petersburgh, N. Y. 

Perkins, George T., Brevet Colonel 105th Ohio Inf, Akron, O. 

Perry, Henry F., Captain 38th Indiana Inf, IMoomington, Ind. 

Peters, Matthew PL, Brevet Major 74th Ohio Inf., Watseka, 111. 

Pettit, W. H., Lieutenant 4th Indiana Battery, Boise City, Idaho. 

Phillips, A. W., Asst. Surg. 149th N. Y. Inf., Birmingham, Conn. 

Phisterer, Fred., Lieutenant 18th U. S. A., Albany, N. Y. 

■'>T*ickands, James, Colonel 124th Ohio Inf 

Pierson, Stephen, Adjutant 33d New Jersey Inf, ^lorristown, N. J. 

* Deceased. 


List of Mernhers. 181 

'i^Poe, O. M., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. A. 

'!=Pohlman, Morris, Captain 9th Ohio Inf. 

Pooler, Otis E., Co. L, 1st Wisconsin Cav., Chattanooga, Tenn. 

Porter, Horace, Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. A., New York City. 

'!'Porter, Wni. L., Brevet Major U. S. A. 

*Post, Philip S., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V. 

Poteet, George A., Lieut. -Col. 115th Illinois Inf., Kansas City, Mo. 

Pratt, K. H., Captain 10th U. S. Cav., Carlisle, Pa. 

'l^Price, Curtis E., Surgeon 12th Tennessee Cav. 

Price, S. W. , Bi-evet Brigadier-General U. S. V., Ijouisville, Ky. 

Prickett, William R., Major 150th Illinois Inf., Edwardsville, 111. 

Prosser, A. 8., Lieutenant 2d Tennessee Cav., Kuoxville, Tenn. 

Pugh, Wni. H., Lieutenant 17th Ohio Inf , Washington, D. C. 

Putnajii, Douglas, Lieut. -Colonel 92d Ohio Inf., Ashland, Ky. 

Rauney, George E., Surgeon 2d Mich, Cav., Lansing, Mich. 

'•'Ramsey, R. II., Brevet Colonel A. A. G., U. S. V. 

Randall, Charles H., Lieutenant 1st Ohio Light Art., Cleveland, O. 

Randolph, S. M., Private Chicago Board of Trade Battery, Chicago, 111. 

*Ransom, II. C, Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel, A. Q. M., U. S. A. 

Raper, John T., Adjutant 26th Ohio Inf, Chillicothe, O, 

^Raymond, Samuel B., Lieutenant-Colonel 51st Illinois Inf. 

^'Tiead, J. C, Colonel C. S., U. S. V. 

Reed, A. H., Lieutenant 2d Minnesota Inf, Glencoe, Minn. 

Reed, Henry A., First Lieutenant 2d Art., U. S. A. 

Reefy, P. D., Captain 19th Ohio Inf, Elyria, O. 

Reimers, August, Lieutenant 15th Missouri Inf., Davenport, Iowa. 

Reuiig, F. G., Hospital Steward, U. S. A., Philadelphia, Pa. 

*Remick, R. A., Lieutenant 23d Mich. Inf 

Reppert, W. E., Corporal 15th Pennsylvania Cav., Columbus, O. 

*Retilley, W. L., Lieutenant 51st Ohio Inf 

Reynolds, J. J., Brevet Maj.-Gen. U. S. A. (ret.), Washington, D. C. 

Reynolds, James K., Lieutenant 6th Ohio Inf, Cincinnati, O. 

Reynolds, J. A., Brevet Colonel 1st New York Art., Rochester, N. Y. 

' Deceased. 

, ■■: : . r. J 

, tf 



182 Arnnj of the Cumherland. 

Richards, E. S., Brvt Lieut. -Colonel, A. A. G., U. S. V., Chicago, 111. 

*Richardson, W. B., Brevet Major 4th Ohio Cav. 

Rickert, Thomas H., Brevet Colonel and A. Q. M., Pottsville, Pa. 

Robinson, George I., Capt. Cliicago B'd ofTr. Bat., Milwaukee, \yis. 

Robinson, G. S., Judge, Private 115th Illinois Inf., Sioiix City, Iowa. 

*Robinson, J. S., Brevet Major-General (J. S. V. 

Robinson, W. A., Brevet Brigadier U. S. V., Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Roeschlaub, R. S., Lieutenant 84th Illinois Infantry, Denver, Col. 

^Rogers, S. T., Lieutenant 8th Illinois Infantry. 

Rogers, T. S. , Captain 105th Illinois Inf., Downer's Grove, 111. 

Rohrbacker, Paul F., Captain 77th Penn. Inf., Alleghany City, Pa. 

Romeyn, Henry, Captain U. S. A. (ret.) 

'i^ Roper, George S., Brevet Colonel U. S. V., Rockford, 111. 

Rosecrans, AVni. S., Brigadier-General U. S. A. (ret.), Major-General 

II. S. v., Los Angeles, Cal. 
Rubra, John, Lieutenant 14th U. S. C. T., Nashville, Tenn. 
Russell, A. O., Major 6th Ohio Inf., Cincinnati, O. 
Rust, H. A., Major 27th Illinois Inf., Chicago, Rl. 

*Sanborn, William, Brevet Brigadier-General, U. S. V. 

Sanderson, F. M., Captain 2lst Massachusetts Inf., Cleveland, O. 

Sanford, J. E., Private 38th Ohio Inf., Chicago, 111. 

Schenck, A. D., Captain 2d Art. U. S. A. 

'^Schneider, Ed. F., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V. 

Schofield, John M., Lieut.-Gen. U. S. A. (ret.), Washington, D. C. 

-'^Schumaker, Colonel 13th Michigan Inf. 

Schuyler, H. P., Captain A. D. C, U. S. V., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

''\Scott, John, Captain 25th Illinois Inf. 

Scott, Thomas W., Brevet Major 98th Illinois Inf., Fairfield, 111. 

^l^Scott, W. T., Colonel 3d Kentucky Inf. 

^^Scoville, E. A., Lieutenant-Colonel 128th Ohio Inf. 

Scully, James W., Brevet Colonel U. S. A. 

Seaton, John, Private 40th Ohio Inf., Ft. Wayne, Ind. 

*Sellock, John E., Adjutant 87th Indiana. 

■'• Deceased. 

■'^:> ^ih 7_::y''' ryr-mi . 8 7/ 



List of Members. 183 

*Sexton, Geo. P., Corporal 88th Illinois Inf., Chicago, 111. 
Shaf'ter, W. K, Brigadier-General U. S. A. 
Sharratt, John H., Captain 42d U. S. C. I., Rockford, 111. 
Sheldon, A. E., Corporal 1st Ohio Light Art., Wellington, O. 
Sheridan, M. V., Lieutenant-Colonel, A. A. G., U. S. A. 
*Sheridan, P. H., General U. S. A. 

Sherman, F. T., Brigadier-General U. S. V,, Waukegan, 111. 
^Sherman, W. T., General U. S. A. 

Sherrick, J. W., Lieutenant 73d Illinois Inf., Camp Point, 111. 
*Shipnes, O. C. T., Colonel 15th Wisconsin Inf. 
*Sidell, William H., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. A. 
Siebert, John, Captain loth Ohio Inf., Columbus, O. 
Silliman, E. E., Lieutenant 88th Illinois Inf., Chenoa, 111. 
Simnions, Samuel, Lieutenant-Colonel, C. S., U. S. V., St. Louis, INIo. 
'^Sinclair, Wm. PL, Brevet Colonel, A. A. G., U. S. V. 
Skinner, George W., Captain Co. A, 77th Penn. Inf., Pittsburgh, Pa. 
Slade, Samuel, Captain 51st Ohio Inf., Port Washington, O. 
Slagg, Thomas C, Captain Co. H., 3d Wisconsin Inf., Cambridge, Wis. 
Slocura, J. J., Colonel U. S. V., New York City. 
*Slocum, Henry W., Major-General U. S. V. 
Smith, Chas. O., Private Co. G, 102d O. V. I., Lancaster, O. 
Smith, J. C, Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V., Chicago, 111. 
Smith N. M., Brevet Lieut.-Colonel 19th Pennsylvania Cav., Pitts- 
burgh, Pa. 
Smith, Orland, Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V., Baltimore, Md. 
Smith, S. B., Major 93d Ohio Inf., Dayton, O. 

Smith, W. J., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V., Memphis, Tenn. 
Spalding, E. G., Lieutenant 22d Michigan Inf., Port Huron, Mich. 
Spalding, W. A., Sergeant 2d Bat. Minn. Lt. Art., ^linneapolis, Minn. 
*Standart, Wm. E., Captain 1st Ohio Light Art. 

Stanley, David S., Brevet Major-General U. S. A., Washington, D. C. 
^Starkweather, John C, Brigadier-General U. S. V. 
*Steedman, James B., Major-General U. S. V. 
Steele, John W., Bvt. Lieut.-Colonel, A. D. C, U. S. V., Oberlin, O. 

* Deceased. 

5 •' 

, ' r , ■ ,:,.■ .J , ,'. • u MfiUr-J-- 
,, ;.ry! ,.! ^ .'.Jul 'J 


ISJf Army of the Ciitnherland. 


Stevenson, Alex. F., Brevet Colonel 42il Illinois Inf., Chicago, 111. 

Stewart, M. N. M., Captain lOOth Illinois Inf., Wilmington, 111. 

'i'^Stokes, James H., Brigadier-Gener.al U. S. V. 

'i^Stone, Henry, Brevet Colonel, A. A. G., U. S. V. 

*Stoughton, AV. L., Brevet Major-General TJ. S. V. ■ if i 

'ivStreight, A. D., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V. 

*Stndal)aker, Peter, Captain lOlst Indiana Inf. 

*Sturges, E. P., Brevet Major 1st Ohio Battery. 

SuUivant, Lynn Starling, INlajor 113th Ohio Inf., Columbus, O. 

'•'Swaifii, D. G., Biigadier-General, Judge Advocate-General, U. S. A. 

Swain, Edgar D., Brevet Colonel 42d Illinois Inf., Chicago, 111. 

Swaine, Peter T., C-olonel U. S. A. (retired), Los Nietos, Cal. 

*Sweet, B. J., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V. 

*Sweet, John E. , Colonel 151st Indiana Inf. 

Swigert, Chas. P., Private Co. H, 42d Illinois Inf., Chicago, 111. 

'f^Symes, G. G., Colonel 44th Wisconsin Inf. 

Taylor, Anthony, Captain 15th Pennsylvania Cav., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Taylor, J. G., Captain, A. D. C, U. S. V., Cincinnati, O. 

Taylor, John W., Lieut.-Colonel and Q. M.,U. S. V., New York, N. Y. 

^Taylor, M. C, Colonel 15th Kentucky Inf. 

Thomas, D. W., Captain 29th Oliio Inf., Akron, O. 

*Thomas, George PL, Major-General U. S. A. 

Thomas, J. B., Asst. Surgeon 24th Illinois Inf., Nat. Mil. Home, O. 

*Thorn burgh, J. M., Colonel 4th Tennessee Cav. 

Thruston, G. P., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V., Nashville, Tenn. 

*Toll, Charles II., Brevet Major, C. S., U. S. Y. 

Torrence, Joseph T., Private 105th Ohio Inf., Chicago, 111. 

Tower, Z. B., Brevet Major-General U. S. A. (ret.), Cohasset, Mass. 

Town, F. L.,Lieut.-Col., Surgeon U. S. A. (ret.), San Antonio, Tex. 

Townsend, E. F., Colonel U. S. A. (ret.), Milwaukee, Wis. 

Townsend, Frederick, Brevet Brig.-General U. S. A., Albany, N. Y. 

^Townsend, H. H. W., Colonel 9th Kentucky Inf. 

■■'■• Deceased. 



; 1 r.'>. 

i .,'■ •7/t.) 

List of Members. 


'i^Tripp, Hagernnm, Lieutenant-Colonel 6th Indiana Inf. 

Tweedale, John, Private 15th Pennsylvania Cav., Washington, D. C. 

'i-Tvndale, Plector, Brevet IMajor-General U. S. V. 

^Underwood, A. B., Brevet INIajor-General IT. S. V. 

Ullum, Andrew W., Corporal Co. B, 18th Ohio Inf., Athens, O. 

*Van x\ernam, Henry, Surgeon 154th N. Y. Inf., Franklin ville, N. Y. 

*Vail, N. J., Major 14th U. 8. C. I., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. Y. 

*Vanderveer, Ferdinand, Brigadier-General U. S. V. 

*Van Dickey, ^I., Lieutenant 04th Ohio Inf. 

*Y!in Doren, John A., Pi-ivate 21st Ind. Battery, Washington, D. C. 

*Van Home, Thomas B., Chaplain U. S. A, 

-'^Yarney, R. W., Assistant Surgeon 21st Ohio Inf. 

Yocke, William, Lieutenant 24th Illinois Inf., Chicago, 111. 


*Wagner, George D., Brigadier-General U. S. Y. 
Waite, Norman, Major 189th Ohio Inf , Boston, Mass. 
Walcutt, Charles C, Brevet Major-General U. S. Y., Columbus, O. 
-i^Wal worth, Nathan H., Colonel 42d Illinois Inf 
'^Ward, Augustus, Brevet Major 17th Ohio Inf 
'i^Ward, Durbin, Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. Y. 
AYird, J. H., Lieutenant-Colonel 27th Kentucky Inf., Louisville, Ky 
Warner, D. B., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. Y., St. John, N. B. 
'i'Warnock, James, Captain 2d Ohio Inf 
Warnock, W. R., Major 95th Ohio Inf, Urbana, O. 
AVarren, Charles S., Private 132d Illinois Inf., Butte City, IMontaua. 
Warren, W. R. , Sergeant-Major Gth Indiana Inf, Ottumwa, Iowa. 
Waterman, Arba N., Lieut. -Colonel 100th Illinois Inf., Chicago, 111. 
■ Welton, Frank G., Co. B, 42d Illinois Inf, Cambridge, 111. 
West, Granville C, Lieutenant 4th Ky. Inf , Washington, D. C. 
Weston, Le Roy G., j\Iaji)r U. S. Y., Kearney, Neb. 
* Wharton, G. C, Lieutenant-Colonel 10th Kentucky Inf 

*■ Deceased. 

) :.. 


186 Army of the Cintiberland. 



"Wheeler, J. P., Assist. Surgeon 24tli Wisconsin Inf., Brighton, N. Y. 

Whipple, W. D., Brevet Major-General U. S. A. (retired), Norris- 
town, Pa. 

*Wliitaker, Walter C, Brevet INtajor-Geueral U. S. V. 

*White, C. C, Lieutenant 64th Ohio Inf. 

*White, Julius, Brevet INIajor-General U. S. V. 

^Whitman, E. B., Lieutenant-Colonel, A. Q. M., U. S. V. 

^AVhittlesey, H. M., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V. 

Wickersham, M. I)., Colonel, A. Q. M., U. S. V., Mobile, Ala. 

Widmer, John H., INLajor 104th Illinois Inf., Ottawa, 111. 

Wilder, John T., Brevet Brig.-General U. S. V., Johnson City, Tenn. 

Wilkin, Eli, Brevet Major 31st Ohio Inf., Purity, O. ' 

^^Willard, H. H., Private 4th Indiana Cav. 

*Wiilard, John P., Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel, Paymaster U. S. A. ^ 

^Williams, A. S., Brevet Major-General U. S. V. k] 

Williams, W. PL, Major 42a Ohio Inf., Wellington, O. \ 

AVilliams, Henry M., llth Indiana Art., Ft. Wayne, Ind. 

*Willich, A., Brevet Major-General U. S. V. 

^Willis, Clark, Major 51st Indiana Inf. 

Wills, A. W., Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel, A. Q. M., U. S. V., Nash- 
ville, Tenn. 

Wilson, James H., Major-General U. S. V., Wilmington, Del. 

'!^ Wilson, W., Captain 124th Ohio Inf. 

Wilson, Wm., Jr., Captain 33d N. Jersey Inf., Mount Vernon, N. Y. 

^'i^Wilson, W. C, Colonel 40th Indiana Inf. 

^i^Wilson, W. W., Major 79th Ohio Inf. 

*Wilstach, C. F., (Quartermaster 10th Indiana Inf. 

^^Wing, Charles T., Brevet Colonel, A. Q. M., U. S. V. 

Winkler, F. C, Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V., INlilwaukee, Wis. 

Wolf, S. B., Major, Surgeon 181st Ohio Vols., New York City. 

Wood, Bradford P., Captain 44th N. Y. Vols., Brevet Major, Al- 
bany, N. Y. 

Wood, Thomas J., Brevet jNIajor-General U. S. A. (ret.), Dayton, O. 

*■ Deceased. 

ni:',:-' -KrV,/ ;?-J^ ,, 

. -;''^' '-..'.nK ..,T -^ 

)/. ■■•>v:nU ^ ,1. .,:..',..';'i l>(„ •'/ 

List of Members. 187 

Woods, J. T., Surgeon 99th Ohio Inf., Toledo, Ohio. 

Worraer, G. S., Brevet Brigadier-General IT. S. Y., Detroit, Mich. 

^Wright, L. A., Sergeant 65th Ohio Inf. 

*Young, Thomas L., Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V. 

*Zahm, Lewis, Brevet Brigadier-General U. S. V. 
^l^Zollinger, C. A., Colonel 129th Indiana Inf. 

* Deceased. .^ 

\ .'<- . 



6145 i